U.S. Department of State Country Report on Human Rights Practices 1997 - Monaco
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Publication Date||30 January 1998|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State Country Report on Human Rights Practices 1997 - Monaco, 30 January 1998, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6aa7b8.html [accessed 19 September 2014]|
Released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, January 30, 1998.
MONACOMonaco is a constitutional monarchy in which the sovereign Prince plays a leading role in governing the country. The Prince appoints the four-member Government, headed by a Minister of State chosen by the Prince from a list of candidates proposed by France. The other three members are Counselors for the Interior (who is usually French), for Public Works and Social Affairs, and for Finance and the Economy. Each is responsible to the Prince. Legislative power is shared between the Prince and the popularly elected 18-member National Council. There are in addition three consultative bodies, whose members are appointed by the Prince: The 7-member Crown Council; the 12-member Council of State; and the 30-member Economic Council, which includes representatives of employers and trade unions. In addition to the national police force, the Carabiniers du Prince carry out security functions. Both forces are controlled by government officials. The principal economic activities are services and banking, light manufacturing, and tourism. Individual human rights are provided for in the Constitution and respected in practice. The Constitution distinguishes between those rights that are provided for all residents and those that apply only to the approximately 5,000 who hold Monegasque nationality. The latter enjoy free education, financial assistance in case of unemployment or illness, and the right to vote and hold elective office. Women traditionally have played a less active role than men in public life, but this is changing; women currently hold both elective and appointive offices.