Occupied Palestinian Territory: Thousands are displaced by military operations in Gaza
|Publisher||Norwegian Refugee Council/Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (NRC/IDMC)|
|Publication Date||14 December 2012|
|Cite as||Norwegian Refugee Council/Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (NRC/IDMC), Occupied Palestinian Territory: Thousands are displaced by military operations in Gaza , 14 December 2012, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/50cee4242.html [accessed 7 March 2015]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Following an eight day offensive by the Israeli Defence Force, bombardments have left more than 450 homes uninhabitable and nearly 3,000 people internally displaced in Gaza, according to the latest Shelter Sector estimates. During the period of recent hostilities in mid to late November, tens of thousands of people were forced to flee their homes. Most are now living with host families, while about12,000 had to seek refuge in schools. This latest military operation has exacerbated the challenging living conditions for those already affected by operation "Cast Lead" in 2008. Many of the buildings that had been rebuilt from damage caused by "Cast Lead" were again damaged or destroyed. Before the recent military escalation, 15,700 people remained internally displaced from "Cast Lead" while an estimated 71,000 housing units were needed to meet housing needs.
A ceasefire brokered on 21 November was regarded by many organisations as an opportunity to discuss broader issues concerning the lives of Palestinians over the last five years. It included a commitment to discuss the easing of travel and economic restrictions on people and goods in Gaza, in order to address the scarcity of materials and enable people to rebuild and return home.