Yemen: Ongoing displacement amid humanitarian crisis
|Publisher||Norwegian Refugee Council/Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (NRC/IDMC)|
|Publication Date||3 February 2012|
|Cite as||Norwegian Refugee Council/Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (NRC/IDMC), Yemen: Ongoing displacement amid humanitarian crisis, 3 February 2012, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4f2fd6ed2.html [accessed 14 March 2014]|
In Kisher District in Yemen's northern governorate of Hajjah, hundreds of people have been displaced by clashes between members of the Al Houthi and Salafist movements. Hajjah is also the location of tens of thousands of IDPs who have been displaced since as far back as 2004 by the Sa'ada conflict between government and Al Houthi forces.
The Sa'ada conflict has caused the displacement of over 300,000 IDPs in total. In April 2011, a fragile ceasefire was broken as Al Houthis assumed control over all of the northern governorate of Sa'ada. Intermittent conflict has since then continued between Al Houthis and Salafists in Sa'ada, Hajjah, and the other northern governorates of Amran and Al Jawf
According to the Yemeni government's Executive Unit for IDPs, an estimated 144,000 people have also been displaced in southern and central Yemen since May 2011, over 80,000 of them from Abyan governorate alone. In mid-January, an estimated 2,500 IDPs returned to their homes in Zanjubar in Abyan to check on their property and gauge the possibilities of return, before going back to nearby Aden, where they had sought refuge following clashes between government forces and Islamic militants.
The humanitarian needs of IDPs and others continue to be very significant. In late January UNICEF highlighted the plight of children affected by the conflict, poverty, drought and political unrest in the country. In some areas acute malnutrition affects 30 per cent of children, a rate near that in south Somalia and double the internationally-recognised emergency threshold.