Sri Lanka: Menik Farm IDPs gradually returning home
|Publisher||Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN)|
|Publication Date||22 June 2010|
|Cite as||Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN), Sri Lanka: Menik Farm IDPs gradually returning home, 22 June 2010, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4c247e305.html [accessed 28 July 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
COLOMBO, 22 June 2010 (IRIN) - The population of Sri Lanka's largest remaining camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) is dwindling at a rate of up to 2,000 people a week, with efforts being stepped up for the remaining 50,000 IDPs to return home.
"Every week, some 1,000 or 2,000 people are leaving for their homes. We in the government are doing this with the support of other international agencies, including UN agencies," Deputy Minister of Resettlement Vinayagamurthi Muralitharan told IRIN.
The 6.5 sqkm Menik Farm is by far the largest of eight displacement sites, including five Menik Farm zones, still in operation after the closure of about 40 others dotted around the Trincomalee, Jaffna, Mannar and Vavuniya districts since the war with the Tamil Tigers ended in May last year.
The government, Sri Lankan army and aid workers have been coordinating efforts - including de-mining activities - to ensure safe return for the IDPs. Authorities estimate that US$9 million is needed to continue de-mining operations through 2010 alone, and that it will take up to 20 years to clear known contaminated areas.
The government worked with security forces, the aid community and the IDPs themselves to set up the Menik Farm complex as people started fleeing the former conflict zone.
When the conflict finally ended, some 284,000 IDPs were living in camps in the north and east of the country.
Sulakshani Perera, external relations assistant of the UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR, said that at the height of the displacement, Menik Farm comprised 13 zones and associated sites, against only five zones now.
After about six months of running Menik Farm, the government started making moves to get the IDPs home.
Returning to ruins
Many IDPs must now face the challenge of returning to communities ravaged during the fighting.
"The problem of resettling the IDPs to their original homes will not be solved until the irrigation tanks are restored, dams rebuilt, canals cleaned, roads repaired and houses rebuilt. The problem is that the government does not have the resources to do all this and neither do the IDPs," said Jehan Perera, director of the local NGO National Peace Council.
Several activities to assist IDPs and the government are under way, including:
- The UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) has provided support to the government to help clean 3,000 wells and drill 15 new ones;
- The World Food Programme (WFP) provides IDPs with food relief for six months from the date of return; and
- UNHCR provides a shelter grant of US$220 paid in two instalments.