Trafficking in Persons Interim Assessment - Turkmenistan
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Publication Date||24 February 2010|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, Trafficking in Persons Interim Assessment - Turkmenistan, 24 February 2010, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4b8e7a68c.html [accessed 31 January 2015]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
[From the introductory text accompanying this report on the U.S. Department of State website: "In most cases, the Interim Assessment is intended to serve as a tool by which to gauge the anti-trafficking progress of countries that may be in danger of slipping a tier in the upcoming June 2010 TIP Report and to give them guidance on how to avoid a Tier 3 ranking. It is a tightly focused progress report, assessing the concrete actions a government has taken to address the key deficiencies highlighted in the June 2009 TIP Report. The Interim Assessment covers actions undertaken between the beginning of May – the cutoff for data covered in the June TIP Report – and November. Readers are requested to refer to the annual TIP Report for an analysis of large-scale efforts and a description of the trafficking problem in each particular country or territory."]
The Government of Turkmenistan has demonstrated limited progress in addressing human trafficking problems since the release of the 2009 TIP Report. The government drafted revisions to Turkmenistan's penal code that would criminalize and prescribe penalties for all forms of trafficking crimes, as defined in the 2007 Law on Combating Trafficking in Persons; the amendments to the criminal code had not been completed at the time of this assessment. Authorities reported investigating and prosecuting two traffickers in 2008, although the government did not provide information on whether these individuals were convicted or punished. Despite unconfirmed reports that some customs or migration officials were complicit in human trafficking, the government did not report efforts to investigate any officials for trafficking related complicity.
The government did not provide victim identification, victim referral, or victim sensitivity training for border guards or police and did not refer victims for assistance. The government did, however, in 2009 agree to work with international organizations to provide victim identification and sensitivity training, and law enforcement officials took part in several training courses conducted by IOM and the OSCE. The government reportedly issued instructions to its foreign missions abroad to work closely with foreign law enforcement authorities on trafficking cases and to assist identified victims of trafficking in foreign countries and aid in their safe repatriation to Turkmenistan. There were unconfirmed reports that some victims of trafficking were denied assistance by Turkmen consular officials in a destination country, however. The government did not provide financial assistance to any anti-trafficking organizations that assist victims of trafficking.