2005 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Western Sahara
|Publisher||United States Department of Labor|
|Author||Bureau of International Labor Affairs|
|Publication Date||29 August 2006|
|Cite as||United States Department of Labor, 2005 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Western Sahara, 29 August 2006, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/48d7491c41.html [accessed 29 August 2015]|
There is limited information regarding the extent and nature of child labor and the quality and provision of education in non-independent countries and territories eligible for GSP, AGOA, and CBTPA benefits. These countries and territories generally are not eligible to become members of the ILO, so ILO Conventions 138 and 182 do not apply to any of them.5132 Territories are subject to laws of the sovereign country.
Statistics on the number of working children under age 15 in Western Sahara are unavailable; however, the U.S. Department of State reports that child labor does not seem to be a problem.5220 Residents of Western Sahara are subject to Moroccan labor laws that set the minimum age for employment at 15 years.5221 Forced labor is prohibited under Moroccan law, and a law imposes fines and prison terms against those involved in trafficking in persons.5222 Education is compulsory for 8 years.5223 Information regarding government policies and programs to eliminate the worst forms of child labor in Western Sahara is unavailable.
5132 ILO official, e-mail communication to USDOL official, January 31, 2002. Most of the areas covered in this summary report are considered by the ILO to be non-metropolitan territories and therefore, are ineligible to become members of the ILO. An ILO member can submit a declaration to the ILO requesting that these conventions apply to their non-metropolitan territories. See ILO, Constitution; available from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/about/iloconst.htm.
5219 The project runs through 2008. See World Bank, Social Safety Net Reform Project, [online] November 14, 2005; available from http://web.worldbank.org/external/default/main?pagePK=64027221&piPK=64027220&theSitePK=294365&menuPK=294396&P rojectid=P081477.
5220 ILO, LABORSTA. See also U.S. Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices – 2004: Western Sahara, Washington, D.C., February 28, 2005; available from http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2004/41735.htm.
5221 U.S. Department of State, Country Reports – 2004: Western Sahara. See also Lawrence Connell, e-mail communication to USDOL official, January 29, 2002.
5222 U.S. Department of State, Country Reports – 2004: Western Sahara.
5223 UNESCO Institute for Statistics, National Education Systems.