U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Vietnam
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Author||Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons|
|Publication Date||5 June 2002|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Vietnam, 5 June 2002, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4680d7b223.html [accessed 17 April 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Vietnam (Tier 2)
Vietnam is a source and transit country for women and children trafficked for sexual exploitation. There is also internal trafficking of women and children for sexual exploitation. Vietnamese victims are trafficked primarily to China and Cambodia and, to a lesser extent, other destinations in Asia including American Samoa, Hong Kong, Macao, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand. Organized crime groups use Vietnam as a transit point for persons trafficked from China and the Middle East to Australia, Canada, and Europe.
The government does not yet meet minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. There is a law against trafficking in women and children, but not against trafficking in men. The police actively investigate cases that come to their attention and traffickers have been prosecuted. Protection for victims includes a rehabilitation program, which offers assistance to some victims with the aid of international donors. Although prostitutes, including some trafficking victims, receive some counseling and services, this occurs in detention centers, in which they are confined until the sentence is served. Corruption, poor border control and inefficient interagency cooperation limit the effectiveness of prevention efforts. There has been an information campaign and the government cooperates with international organizations to warn potential victims of the dangers of trafficking. The government has also worked bilaterally on trafficking issues with China. In a case that could indicate government involvement in trafficking, an American Samoa court found that two government-controlled labor export companies were liable for labor law violations in their treatment of Vietnamese workers in American Samoa. Victims were subjected to a harsh work environment, unscrupulous contracts, and intimidation to drop the lawsuit. The government did take belated action in this case however, removing the general directors of both companies and suspending the operations of one company. One director has been prosecuted and sentenced, and judicial proceedings are pending for the other director.