U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - Vietnam
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Author||Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons|
|Publication Date||12 July 2001|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - Vietnam, 12 July 2001, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4680d77d1f.html [accessed 10 December 2013]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Vietnam (Tier 2)
Vietnam is both a country of origin and transit for cross-border trafficking of Vietnamese women to Cambodia and China for sexual exploitation and arranged marriages, as well as for women from third countries transiting to various destinations within and outside Asia. Some Vietnamese women have also been trafficked to other Asian and western countries, including the United States. Women and children are also trafficked within Vietnam, usually from rural to urban areas.
The Government of Vietnam does not yet fully meet the minimum standards; however, the Government is making significant efforts to combat the problem. While the Government has taken some steps to combat trafficking, resources are limited. Corruption is a serious problem at all levels in Vietnam and some officials may be involved in the flow of overseas workers. Trafficking in women and children is prohibited in various statutes, with penalties of up to a maximum of 20 years in prison. These penalties are stiffer than for rape convictions. There is no law that specifically prohibits trafficking in men; however, existing laws could be used to prosecute traffickers who recruit or send men abroad to work for "illegitimate profits" or illegal purposes. Statistics on prosecutions under the various statutes are not readily available, but estimates from various sources indicate over 200 prosecutions, with a high rate of conviction. One analysis of the court system in general found that more than 95 percent of the persons who are charged with a crime are convicted. Prevention efforts are focused on educating at-risk populations, including mass media campaigns, vocational training, and alleviation of poverty. Vietnamese authorities focus on protecting and providing services to Vietnamese citizens in danger of being trafficked. Vietnamese police have vigorously pursued such cases when drawn to their attention. Some returnees are housed in rehabilitation centers before returning to their villages. Vietnam is cooperating with NGO's and other governments. For example, Vietnam has signed an agreement with Australia stating their mutual commitment to combating trafficking in women and children.