U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Ukraine
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Author||Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons|
|Publication Date||5 June 2002|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Ukraine, 5 June 2002, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4680d7b1c.html [accessed 13 July 2014]|
Ukraine (Tier 2)
Ukraine is a source country for women and girls trafficked to Central and Western Europe and the Middle East for purposes of sexual exploitation.
The Government of Ukraine does not yet fully comply with minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making serious and sustained efforts to do so. Although limited in resources, the government has the political will to make efforts against trafficking. A new criminal code effective September 2001 criminalizes human trafficking, pornography and sexual exploitation. Anti-trafficking units have been established at the national and oblast level. A limited but increasing number of cases against traffickers are prosecuted. Criminal organizations are believed to run trafficking activities. The government has also suspended the licenses of individuals and companies involved in trafficking in persons. The government does not condone trafficking but a number of law enforcement officers may be corrupt thereby facilitating trafficking in persons. Specialized training is offered for law enforcement. The government cooperates with foreign governments internationally on investigations, and participates in international training seminars. Governmental protection and assistance for victims is provided mainly at the local and city levels. Limited resources prevent the national government from offering victim services. Victims are encouraged to assist law enforcement in investigations of traffickers and may file civil actions. There is no victim restitution program. Governmental actions regarding prevention are limited, as a new government action plan for prevention of trafficking has been approved but not yet implemented. In November 2001, a docudrama on trafficking was aired; NGOs and international organizations have provided additional information campaigns.