U.S. Department of State 2005 Trafficking in Persons Report - Chad
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Author||Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons|
|Publication Date||3 June 2005|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2005 Trafficking in Persons Report - Chad, 3 June 2005, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4680d838c.html [accessed 11 July 2014]|
Chad (Tier 2)
Chad is a country of origin for children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and sexual exploitation. Chadian boys are trafficked internally for use as herders in the south; girls are trafficked for exploitation as prostitutes in the oil-producing area of Doba and into involuntary domestic servitude in urban areas. Most trafficked children are trafficked by their families for economic reasons.
The Government of Chad does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. To further its progress in combating trafficking, the government should launch concrete efforts to rescue and provide care for all exploited children.
Chad's Penal Code prohibits trafficking in persons and the government made modest efforts to prosecute trafficking crimes over the reporting period. To punish child trafficking, prosecutors also use a labor code article that prohibits the employment of children less than 14 years of age. In 2004, the Ministry of Justice's Child Protection Department presented new legislation on crimes against children, including trafficking and prostitution, which was subsequently passed into law. As a response to parental involvement in the prostitution of young girls, the government increased the penalty for prostitution of a minor by a relative or guardian. The Ministry of Justice trained parliamentarians on the new law in December 2004 and held a public sensitization conference in January 2005. Chadian courts handled three trafficking-related prosecutions during the year, one of which resulted in a conviction that is being appealed to the Supreme Court. A case involving the sale of a ten year-old girl by her parents is ongoing, and a third was dropped when the prosecutor died.
Chad's efforts to protect victims of trafficking were limited over the last year. In an effort to determine the level of government intervention needed to address problems faced by child trafficking victims, the Ministry of Social Action completed and released a nationwide survey of 7,000 at-risk children in 2004. Though the government lacks the resources to provide facilities for victim protection, it made in-kind contributions of land, buildings, and the services of government personnel. When trafficking victims were found, local authorities typically referred them to NGOs or religious organizations for care. The Governor of Moyen Chari personally provided temporary care for child trafficking victims during the year. In 2004, 256 children exploited as forced cattle herders were rescued, rehabilitated, and reintegrated into their families through the efforts of local authorities, religious leaders, and NGOs. The Ministry of Labor and the Mayor of N'Djamena began surveying households in the capital to determine the extent of trafficking of children for involuntary domestic servitude. Local authorities in Kome and the State of Doba began taking steps to address the commercial sexual exploitation of children in communities surrounding oil-producing facilities.
During the reporting period, the central and state governments took a number of measures to prevent trafficking. As part of a "Plan of Communication on the Exploitation of Herder Children," local authorities, Ministry of Labor officials, and UNICEF embarked on a two-week tour of trafficking-prone villages in southern Chad in late 2004. The team held meetings with governors, prefects, traditional and religious leaders, and village associations, discussing the difference between acceptable child work and child exploitation. Explanations of these events were conveyed nationwide through government-run media outlets. The Governor of Moyen Chari issued numerous public statements warning parents of the dangers of using child herders, and in November 2004 and March 2005 he raised public awareness of the child herder issue through radio coverage of public meetings. The Ministry of Social Action sponsored a week-long campaign in May 2004 to sensitize Muslim leaders and parents to the problem of forced child begging. The Ministries of Labor and Justice conducted awareness campaigns on the worst forms of child labor and launched training seminars targeting religious leaders, traditional chiefs, and parliamentarians. The government has a national action plan to combat child sexual exploitation.