Last Updated: Friday, 27 May 2016, 08:49 GMT

U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Nepal

Publisher United States Department of State
Author Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
Publication Date 5 June 2002
Cite as United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Nepal, 5 June 2002, available at: [accessed 28 May 2016]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Nepal (Tier 2)

Nepal is a source of women and girls trafficked primarily to India for purposes of sexual exploitation and bonded labor. In many cases, Nepalese women go to the Middle East in search of work, only to be put into situations of coerced labor, slave-like conditions, or sexual exploitation. Internal trafficking also takes place in Nepal. An ongoing Maoist insurgency has used violence to wrest control over remote areas of Nepal from the government; many trafficking victims originate from those areas. The Maoist insurgents have taken girls and boys from their families and forced them to become conscripts or sex slaves.

The Government of Nepal does not yet fully comply with minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. The Human Trafficking Control Act of 1986 prohibits selling persons in Nepal and provides for penalties of up to twenty years' imprisonment for traffickers. Nevertheless, this legislation does not criminalize the separation of minors from their legal guardians with the intent of trafficking them. As a result, no crime occurs until the victim and perpetrators are outside Nepalese territory. In addition, no law addresses receiving trafficked persons. The government created an anti-trafficking unit within the police that actively investigates and successfully prosecutes traffickers who are frequently sentenced to long prison terms. However, low-level corruption among border guards and law enforcement allows trafficked women and girls to be brought out of the country. Furthermore, the open border with India does not allow for stringent border monitoring. The government has undertaken several initiatives to protect victims, including working with NGOs and international organizations to provide shelter and assistance to victims. The government provides limited funding to NGOs for assistance to victims, including rehabilitation, medical, and legal assistance. The Ministries of Labor and Social Welfare sponsor job and skill training in high-risk trafficking areas. In terms of prevention, the government, together with NGOs and international organizations, has supported local, national and regional anti-trafficking public awareness campaigns. In addition, the government has supported campaigns to boost school enrollment. The government has instituted an interagency National Task Force Against Trafficking that includes representatives from the police and NGOs. A lack of resources has prevented the government's National Plan of Action from being fully implemented. In January 2002, the government signed the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Convention on Prevention and Combating Trafficking in Women and Children for Prostitution.

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