U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Nigeria
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Author||Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons|
|Publication Date||5 June 2002|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Nigeria, 5 June 2002, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4680d7a5e.html [accessed 10 July 2014]|
Nigeria (Tier 2)
Nigeria is a source, transit, and destination country for persons trafficked to Europe, the Middle East, and West and Central Africa. Nigerian women are trafficked mostly for sexual exploitation to Italy, but also to other destinations including France, Spain, the Netherlands, and the Czech Republic. Children are trafficked for domestic and agricultural labor, from and to West and Central African countries, including Benin, Cameroon, Gabon, and Togo.
The Government of Nigeria does not yet fully comply with minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. While Nigeria does not have specific federal laws to address trafficking, a federal legislation draft, modeled on a law recently passed by Edo State, was presented to the National Assembly. The proposed legislation specifically addresses trafficking of women and children. Investigations are hampered by a lack of resources, as well as by widespread corruption among law enforcement officials. Prosecutions are few, due in part to the difficulty in securing witness corroboration in addition to the victim's testimony. Nigeria cooperates with other governments on investigations and prosecutions of trafficking cases. For example, Nigeria obtained the extradition of Nigerian traffickers from Guinea. In terms of protection, the government established a modest police unit in Lagos to assist in the repatriation of trafficked victims, and to provide limited short-term shelter. There is no witness protection program in place, but Nigerian NGOs have been very active in raising public awareness, in shaping legislation on trafficking, and in providing sometimes-needed protection from family members for repatriated women. Over the past three years, Nigeria cooperated with the Italian government on the repatriation of over one thousand persons in illegal status in Italy. Many of these returnees were victims of trafficking. Nigeria also cooperates with international organizations on programs to return and assist victims of trafficking, including those with HIV/AIDS. In an attempt to prevent trafficking, the Nigerian authorities have engaged in the questionable practice of parading the victims and the traffickers on television and in the communities. Nigeria actively participates in regional efforts to combat trafficking, and recently set up an Inter-Ministerial Committee to address trafficking in persons.