Last Updated: Monday, 30 May 2016, 14:07 GMT

U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - Burma

Publisher United States Department of State
Author Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
Publication Date 12 July 2001
Cite as United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - Burma, 12 July 2001, available at: [accessed 31 May 2016]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Burma (Tier 3)

Burma is a country of origin for trafficking of persons, primarily of women and girls, to Thailand and other countries as factory workers and household servants, and for sexual exploitation. There also is internal trafficking of women and girls from areas of extreme poverty to areas where prostitution is common. Men and boys reportedly are trafficked to other countries, primarily to Thailand, for sexual exploitation and for other purposes, but this appears to be a small percentage of the overall flow. In addition to Thailand, Burmese adults are trafficked to China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, and Japan. While most observers believe the number of victims is at least several thousand per year, there are no reliable statistics available on the total number of trafficked persons.

The Government does not meet the minimum standards, and has not yet made significant efforts to combat the worsening problem of trafficking in persons. The Government, while recently acknowledging that the problem of international trafficking exists, has not publicly acknowledged the magnitude of the problem. Corruption among local government officials is widespread and reportedly includes complicity in the trafficking of persons. The Government for years has systematically used forced labor for the development of infrastructure and state-run agricultural and commercial ventures, for forced portering to move military equipment and supplies throughout the country, and for mine clearing activities. The Government has not committed sufficient resources or demonstrated the political will to combat trafficking. Moreover, it has not collected meaningful data on the incidence of trafficking, made any serious effort to arrest or prosecute traffickers, or facilitated the repatriation of trafficking victims. There are no anti-trafficking laws. The Government does not work with international NGO's or neighboring governments to address the problem.

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