U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Mali
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Author||Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons|
|Publication Date||5 June 2002|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Mali, 5 June 2002, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4680d7a222.html [accessed 1 March 2015]|
Mali (Tier 2)
Mali is primarily a source country for children trafficked for labor in conditions comparable to involuntary servitude. To a lesser extent, Mali is a transit country for trafficking between Senegal and Cote D'Ivoire, and a destination country for Nigerian women trafficked for purposes of sexual exploitation. Most of the children are trafficked to work in plantation agriculture in Cote D'Ivoire, but some are trafficked internally to urban centers for menial jobs or domestic labor.
The Government of Mali does not yet fully comply with minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. Last year, Mali introduced a law with severe penalties, specifically outlawing trafficking in children, but the infrastructure needed to carry out investigations and prosecution is still very weak. Mali entered into a cooperative agreement with Cote D'Ivoire to combat trafficking and facilitate the repatriation of victims, and Mali maintains a good level of cooperation with border authorities from Cote D'Ivoire and Burkina Faso. As a result, the number of children trafficked to Cote D'Ivoire appears to be on the decline. In terms of protection, lack of resources hamper government efforts to reintegrate and rehabilitate returned children, particularly in the Dogon region, where children are most vulnerable to trafficking. One of the specific strategies in the National Plan of Action, calling for a system of travel documentation required from children at border crossings, was recently instituted and has proven effective in preventing additional trafficking flows. In other preventive activities, the government set aside a portion of this year's state budget to support anti-trafficking activities, including a media campaign, and it works very closely with international organization and NGOs to coordinate programs for the return and reintegration of trafficking victims. Mali is one of the West African countries participating in an international organization's program to reduce trafficking in children.