U.S. Department of State 2007 Trafficking in Persons Report - Luxembourg
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Author||Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons|
|Publication Date||12 June 2007|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2007 Trafficking in Persons Report - Luxembourg, 12 June 2007, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/467be3c3c.html [accessed 22 May 2013]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Luxembourg (Tier 1)
Luxembourg is a destination country for women trafficked transnationally for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. In 2006, Luxembourg officials identified a total of five victims from Brazil and Romania. In previous years, over 100 victims have been identified from other East European countries. In part due to its small size, Luxembourg has a modest trafficking challenge.
The Government of Luxembourg fully complies with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. In 2006, the government improved its law enforcement efforts with the creation of a special unit within the police charged with investigating trafficking in persons crimes. The government should consider passing comprehensive anti-trafficking legislation and ensure that punishments imposed on traffickers reflect the heinous nature of the crime. The government should consider launching a demand-oriented campaign to educate potential clients about prostitution and its links to trafficking.
In 2006, the government improved its anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts with the creation of a specialized police unit responsible for investigating trafficking cases. Luxembourg prohibits all forms of trafficking in persons though various trafficking-related provisions of its penal code. In addition, Article 379 of its penal code specifically criminalizes trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation and is also used for trafficking for the purpose of forced labor. Penalties are sufficiently stringent, and those for trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation are commensurate with penalties for rape. In 2006, the government obtained the conviction of a Kosovo-Albanian for trafficking a Romanian woman into commercial sexual exploitation; he was sentenced to three years' imprisonment and a 2,500 Euro fine. There was no evidence of trafficking-related corruption among Luxembourg public officials.
The Government of Luxembourg increased its efforts to protect trafficking victims in 2006. The government encourages victims to participate in the criminal investigation and, through its funding of NGOs, provides shelter, protection, and repatriation assistance to victims. In addition, victims can seek legal action against their traffickers. When a Romanian victim agreed to serve as a witness in a trafficking prosecution, the government funded her transportation and hotel costs in Luxembourg. Victims are not punished for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of their being trafficked. The government provides full operational funding for two NGOs and 11 shelters for women where victims of trafficking are referred. In 2006, the government granted the new anti-trafficking police unit a substantial budget. The government set up a working group charged with creating a network that would coordinate providing care for victims of trafficking.
In 2006, the Ministry for Equal Opportunities, Amnesty International, and the Luxembourg Red Cross co-produced and screened a preview of a film about a young woman trafficked for sexual exploitation. The Ministry of Justice launched a training program aimed at educating police, immigration department officials, and other relevant government officials as well as NGO employees on how to identify victims of trafficking. The Ministry for Equal Opportunities, in collaboration with the Ministry of Justice and police, conducted a specialized training session on trafficking for all staff workers at shelters. Luxembourg has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol.