U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Lebanon
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Author||Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons|
|Publication Date||5 June 2002|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Lebanon, 5 June 2002, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4680d7a023.html [accessed 19 April 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Lebanon (Tier 3)
Lebanon is a destination country for trafficked persons. Many trafficking victims come to Lebanon in search of work voluntarily and legally, but are put into situations of coerced labor, and some are put into situations with slave-like conditions, or in which they become victims of sexual exploitation. Women from Ethiopia, Sri Lanka, and the Philippines, are the primary victims of trafficking. To a lesser extent, some women from Russia, Romania, Ukraine, Moldova, and Bulgaria who have come to Lebanon end up in coercive work situations involving sexual exploitation from which they have little recourse.
The Government of Lebanon does not fully comply with minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so. Lebanon does not have legislation criminalizing trafficking in persons. However, the Penal Code does have statutes criminalizing the deprivation of personal freedom of others by abduction or other means. The government has not prosecuted any trafficking cases. Law enforcement officials are generally responsive to complaints of trafficking. However, the government has taken some measures to counter trafficking, such as the closure by the Ministry of Labor in 2001 of ten employment agencies that violated labor regulations. The Surete Generale has improved its record-keeping and enforcement of regulations and issues 51 warnings to adult clubs not abiding by its regulations. The government adequately monitors its borders. Regarding the protection of trafficking victims, the government does not provide foreign workers with relief from deportation, shelter or access to legal, medical or psychological services. Foreign workers who do not have valid residency and work permits are subject to detention and deportation. The Surete Generale, however, did issue a February 2002 communique granting three months to Arab and foreign nationals residing in Lebanon illegally to have their status regularized. Any foreigner wishing to change his or her employment must obtain the Surete Generale's prior permission. The government has given an NGO full time access to the Retention Center for Foreign Persons. Some exploited foreign workers have won cases against employers, although lack of knowledge of their rights and lack of access to legal counsel prevents others from bringing legal actions. The government does not sponsor many types of prevention efforts common in other countries, such as anti-trafficking education programs. The government has limited financial resources to support prevention programs. To prevent trafficking, the government has tough controls on the entry of foreign workers to Lebanon and strict requirements imposed on those who employ foreign domestic laborers.