U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Cambodia
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Author||Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons|
|Publication Date||5 June 2002|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Cambodia, 5 June 2002, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4680d790c.html [accessed 9 March 2014]|
Cambodia (Tier 3)
Cambodia is a source, destination and transit country and there is internal trafficking in women and children. Victims are trafficked from Vietnam for the purpose of sexual exploitation. Cambodians are trafficked to Thailand for sexual exploitation, street begging and bonded labor.
The Government of Cambodia does not fully comply with minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so. Cambodia does not have a law against all forms of trafficking in persons, but traffickers have been prosecuted under related laws. Some traffickers were convicted during 2001 and are serving time in prison. Police actively investigate trafficking crimes and have cooperated with NGOs to rescue victims. However, corruption, lack of police training and poor implementation of laws facilitate trafficking of persons and similar crimes, such as baby selling. Although some Cambodian officials have worked to increase government efforts, a lack of resources has made progress difficult. In addition, reports of widespread and serious official corruption counter the efforts by reform-minded officials. For victim protection, the Ministry of the Interior, in conjunction with international organizations and NGOs, created a special unit to train police on trafficking investigations, sensitize them to victim rights and initiate court procedures. The government participates in some protection initiatives including repatriation and reintegration, and a program to identify at-risk children. International organizations and NGOs are relied upon to provide most victim assistance due to serious resource constraints. Prevention efforts include raising public awareness through a wide-spread media campaign and economic and social development programs targeted to at-risk women and children.