Last Updated: Friday, 27 May 2016, 08:49 GMT

U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - Ghana

Publisher United States Department of State
Author Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
Publication Date 12 July 2001
Cite as United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - Ghana, 12 July 2001, available at: [accessed 28 May 2016]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Ghana (Tier 2)

Ghana is a source, transit, and destination country for internationally trafficked persons, primarily children. Trafficking of children for labor and sexual exploitation also occurs within Ghana. The practice of "Trokosi" is a localized form of slavery or ritual servitude in which girls are forced into slavery for local fetish shrines in repayment for offenses committed by members of the girls' families. Young women are trafficked to Europe and the Middle East for sexual exploitation. Children are trafficked to and from Cote D'Ivoire, Togo, and Nigeria for indentured or domestic servitude, farm labor and prostitution. Children trafficked from Burkina Faso transit Ghana on the way to Cote D'Ivoire.

The Government of Ghana does not yet fully meet the minimum standards; however, the Government is making significant efforts to combat trafficking despite resource constraints. There is no law specifically prohibiting trafficking in persons; however, the Government can prosecute traffickers under laws against slavery, prostitution, and underage labor. The Government does not actively investigate or prosecute traffickers and has difficulties adequately monitoring its borders. Trokosi is illegal in Ghana, but no actions have been undertaken to eliminate Trokosi shrines or prosecute either the fetish priests or parents who have given away their daughters. The Government supports programs to prevent trafficking, including poverty alleviation and access to education. The Government is participating in a two-part ILO trafficking project with eight other countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote D'Ivoire, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, and Togo). The Government works to repatriate trafficked children and reunite them with their parents. Assistance to victims is provided by NGO's.

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