U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - France
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Author||Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons|
|Publication Date||12 July 2001|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - France, 12 July 2001, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4680d76e23.html [accessed 24 May 2015]|
France (Tier 2)
France is a destination and transit country for trafficked victims, primarily women from Africa, South America, Eastern and Southern Europe, and the New Independent States. In general, victims are trafficked into sexual exploitation or domestic slavery.
The Government does not yet fully meet the minimum standards; however, the Government is making significant efforts to combat the problem. There is no specific law against trafficking, but a range of other laws is used to prosecute traffickers. The Government actively investigates and prosecutes traffickers. The courts have convicted several people of enslaving their domestic servants. One case resulted in a year's imprisonment, a fine of approximately $5,000, and payment of damages to victim of approximately $30,000. The Central Office for the Repression of Trafficking in Humans, created in 1958, centralizes information and coordinates operations to combat trafficking. The Government has no articulated protection programs in place for trafficking victims. Those victims located or arrested by the authorities normally are processed as illegal immigrants and may be detained or jailed. Trafficking victims may be granted temporary residency while they apply for asylum. Victims are encouraged to file legal action against traffickers. The Government works closely with other countries and NGO's to combat trafficking. The Government supports anti-trafficking prevention programs, as part of the European Union, including information and media campaigns, seminars, and a trafficking project in West Africa.