Last Updated: Tuesday, 31 May 2016, 08:59 GMT

U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Estonia

Publisher United States Department of State
Author Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
Publication Date 5 June 2002
Cite as United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Estonia, 5 June 2002, available at: [accessed 31 May 2016]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Estonia (Tier 2)

Estonia is a source country for women and girls trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation, both in the form of internal trafficking and abroad. Victims are trafficked abroad to the Nordic countries and Western Europe, including Poland, Germany, the Netherlands and Iceland.

The Government of Estonia does not fully comply with minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. Estonia does not have a specific anti-trafficking law, but law enforcement officials instead can use criminal laws against pandering or pimping, kidnapping, inducing minors to engage in crime, extortion and involuntary prostitution. Through an awareness program, many police officers have been introduced to the problem of trafficking. Estonian law enforcement officials believe prosecution of cases in destination countries would be enhanced if victims remained in those countries for the duration of investigations, and if Estonian authorities were informed of the reasons for their nationals being deported. There have not been any court cases against traffickers, although Estonia did extradite an alleged trafficker to the Netherlands for trial. In terms of protection, the Ministry of Social Affairs refers crime victims to one primary NGO, which has a government contract to provide services. The government also contracts with other NGOs to provide consultation services and crisis help to victims of crime. While the Baltic States signed an agreement in 2000 on witness protection, such protection remains difficult to provide in Estonia because of its small size. To prevent trafficking, the government is working with the Nordic Council of Ministers on a campaign to draw attention to the problem of trafficking. The government works with an international organization on a public information campaign.

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