U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - Bulgaria
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Author||Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons|
|Publication Date||12 July 2001|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - Bulgaria, 12 July 2001, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4680d769c.html [accessed 25 July 2014]|
Bulgaria (Tier 2)
Bulgaria is a source and transit country for trafficking. Women from Romania, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia are trafficked for sexual exploitation to Macedonia, Greece, Turkey, Kosovo, Bosnia, Italy, Poland, and Western Europe.
The Government of Bulgaria does not yet fully meet the minimum standards; however, the Government is making significant efforts to combat trafficking despite a lack of resources and low-level corruption. The Government does not have specific trafficking laws but can use other provisions to prosecute trafficking. Penalties are commensurate with those for rape. The Government does investigate trafficking, encourages victims to testify, and has two police units dedicated to the problem. Statistics on prosecutions are unavailable, but it appears that few, if any, traffickers have been prosecuted yet. No government programs exist for prevention or protection of victims; however, the Government provides in-kind assistance to NGO's, and refers victims to NGO's for repatriation. NGO's have noted that Bulgaria's Embassy in the major trafficking destination of Warsaw assists trafficking victims and collaborates closely with NGO's on the issue. The Government cooperates with other governments to combat trafficking through bilateral agreements and information sharing.