Last Updated: Tuesday, 31 May 2016, 12:25 GMT

U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - Bulgaria

Publisher United States Department of State
Author Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
Publication Date 12 July 2001
Cite as United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - Bulgaria, 12 July 2001, available at: [accessed 31 May 2016]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Bulgaria (Tier 2)

Bulgaria is a source and transit country for trafficking. Women from Romania, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia are trafficked for sexual exploitation to Macedonia, Greece, Turkey, Kosovo, Bosnia, Italy, Poland, and Western Europe.

The Government of Bulgaria does not yet fully meet the minimum standards; however, the Government is making significant efforts to combat trafficking despite a lack of resources and low-level corruption. The Government does not have specific trafficking laws but can use other provisions to prosecute trafficking. Penalties are commensurate with those for rape. The Government does investigate trafficking, encourages victims to testify, and has two police units dedicated to the problem. Statistics on prosecutions are unavailable, but it appears that few, if any, traffickers have been prosecuted yet. No government programs exist for prevention or protection of victims; however, the Government provides in-kind assistance to NGO's, and refers victims to NGO's for repatriation. NGO's have noted that Bulgaria's Embassy in the major trafficking destination of Warsaw assists trafficking victims and collaborates closely with NGO's on the issue. The Government cooperates with other governments to combat trafficking through bilateral agreements and information sharing.

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