U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Angola
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Author||Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons|
|Publication Date||5 June 2002|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2002 Trafficking in Persons Report - Angola, 5 June 2002, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4680d78934.html [accessed 8 March 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Angola (Tier 2)
Angola is a country of origin for persons trafficked primarily to South Africa and Mozambique. Much of Angola's trafficking problem has been related to its civil war, which ended with an April 2002 cease fire. During the civil war children were abducted by the UNITA rebel movement for use in forced labor and in military service. UNITA trafficked women for forced labor and sexual exploitation.
The Government of Angola does not yet fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination trafficking; however, the government is making significant efforts to do so, despite severely limited resources. There are no specific laws that prohibit trafficking in persons although under related laws the penalty for trafficking is appropriately severe. The government has not actively investigated or prosecuted traffickers. In terms of protection, the government, in cooperation with religious authorities, recently facilitated the release of some abducted children. Under the cease-fire agreement, the government is responsible for the permanent resettlement of abducted Angolan citizens and for locating family members. The government operates orphanages throughout the country for abducted children. The government has launched a campaign to register and identify about five million minors. The government appropriately treats trafficked persons as victims. They are entitled to emergency residence status for humanitarian reasons, and receive some services from a handful of government programs. There are no trafficking prevention or public education measures in place.