U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - Angola
|Publisher||United States Department of State|
|Author||Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons|
|Publication Date||12 July 2001|
|Cite as||United States Department of State, U.S. Department of State 2001 Trafficking in Persons Report - Angola, 12 July 2001, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4680d767c.html [accessed 12 July 2014]|
Angola (Tier 2)
Angola is a country of origin for trafficked persons. The National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) rebel forces are alleged to abduct children, who are used for forced labor and in military service, and women, who are used for forced labor, including as sex slaves.
The Government of Angola does not yet fully meet the minimum standards; however, the Government is making significant efforts to combat trafficking despite limited resources and a continued military campaign against insurgents. The on-going civil war, which has displaced nearly a quarter of the population, has left the Government unable to exercise complete control over a large portion of the country, and government efforts to combat trafficking focus on aid and assistance to victims. The Ministry of Social Reinsertion (MINARS) works with UNICEF and NGO's to provide treatment and housing for freed children. For example, in March 2000, MINARS worked with several NGO's and UNICEF to trace and reunite 42 separated children with their families. The Government established a program for resettlement and reintegration of rebels who put down their arms. A military liaison in each province/military district is responsible for coordinating with NGO's, including groups that assist refugees and trafficking victims. The 1991 Constitution prohibits human bondage; however, no legislation exists to enforce this prohibition. There is neither a senior official nor intra-governmental mechanism to coordinate anti-trafficking measures, and the Government has not conducted a prevention campaign.