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El Salvador: Treatment of a person who belonged or was suspected of belonging to a death squad upon his return (1998-1999)

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 19 January 2000
Citation / Document Symbol SLV33266.E
Reference 7
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, El Salvador: Treatment of a person who belonged or was suspected of belonging to a death squad upon his return (1998-1999), 19 January 2000, SLV33266.E, available at: [accessed 1 June 2016]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

No reports of a particular treatment of persons who were, or are suspected of having belonged, to death squads upon their return to El Salvador could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

SLV28314.E of 27 November 1997 provides information on possible situations that persons who deserted armed forces units could face upon their return after the peace accords. This document and various sources refer to a Law of Amnesty passed in 1993 granting amnesty to all Salvadorans who committed politically-motivated crimes during the conflict, while one source cites the Chief Prosecutor of El Salvador, Manuel Cordova, as saying that a 10-year statute of limitations exists for murder cases (AP 22 July 1998). However, another source reports that "one of the effects of the war is the lingering suspicion of the state intelligence apparatus and the appointment of anyone to a high post who was involved in the human rights violations of the past" (CAR 2 July 1999).

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.

Associated Press (AP). 22 July 1998. Edith Beltran. "Salvadoran Guardsman Convicted in 1980 Nuns' Killing Released on Parole." (NEXIS)

Central America Report (CAR) [Guatemala City]. 2 July 1999. "El Salvador: Intelligence Service Called Illegal." [Accessed 7 Sept. 1999]

Additional Sources Consulted

IRB Databases.

Latinamerica Press [Lima]. 1997-1999.

Latin American Regional Reports: Central America & the Caribbean [London]. 1997-1999.

Central America NewsPak [Austin, Tex.]. 1998-1999.

News From Human Rights Watch [New York]. 1997-1999.

World News Connection (WNC).

Internet sites

Internet search engines

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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