Yugoslavia: Update to Responses to Information Requests YUG15164 of 30 August 1993 and YUG10966.E of 27 May 1992 on the situation of ethnic Hungarians, particularly in Vojvodina
|Publisher||Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada|
|Author||Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada|
|Publication Date||1 November 1995|
|Citation / Document Symbol||YUG21891.E|
|Cite as||Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Yugoslavia: Update to Responses to Information Requests YUG15164 of 30 August 1993 and YUG10966.E of 27 May 1992 on the situation of ethnic Hungarians, particularly in Vojvodina, 1 November 1995, YUG21891.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6ac1882.html [accessed 19 June 2013]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
For information on the situation of Hungarians in Yugoslavia in 1993, including their departure from Vojvodina, please consult the MTI attachment of 9 September 1993 and the Nedeljna Borba attachment of 16-17 October 1993. For information on a report of increasing pressure on Hungarians in Vojvodina, and on the view of Yugoslavia's Ambassador to the UN on the situation of ethnic Hungarians, please consult the Tanjug attachment of 15 October 1993. For further information on their situation in 1993, as well as in 1994, please consult the first two pages, the last two paragraphs of page seven and the first paragraph of page eight of the News from Helsinki Watch attachment of May 1994.
According to page 319 of the Amnesty International Report 1994,
non-Serbs continued to leave some areas of Serbia and Montenegro, particularly Muslims from the Sandzak region and Croats and Hungarians from Vojvodina, who continued to suffer threats or attacks on their property by supporters of extremist Serbian parties, although less frequently than in 1992.
According to page 255 of Human Rights Watch World Report 1994,
Serbian paramilitary groups, with the apparent blessing of local, provincial and republican governments, continued to terrorize and forcibly to displace Croats, Hungarians, Slovaks and others in Vojvodina and Muslims in Sandzak.
According to page 242 of the Human Rights Watch World Report 1995,
although paramilitary violence against Hungarians and Croats subsided somewhat, continuing oppression against Sandzak Muslims and Kosovo Albanians continued throughout the year,
Amnesty International Reports and Human Rights Watch World Reports are available at Regional Documentation Centres.
For further information on the situation of Hungarians in Vojvodina in 1993, please consult the third paragraph of page 1043 and the freedom of religion section on page 1406 of Country Reports 1994; for 1994 information, please consult the religious minorities section on page 959 of Country Reports 1995. Country Reports are available at Regional Documentation Centres.
For information on the effect that the influx of Serbs from the Krajina region is having on ethnic Hungarians in Vojvodina, please consult the Magyarorszag attachment of 25 August 1995 and the Kossuth Radio Network attachments of 15 August 1995, 2 September 1995 and 17 September 1995.
For information on Hungarians receiving abusive or threatening literature, please consult the Kossuth Radio Network attachment of 10 October 1995 and the Magyar Hirlap attachment of 19 September 1995.
This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum.
Amnesty International. 1994. Amnesty International Report 1994. New York: Amnesty International USA.
Human Rights Watch (HRW). 1995. Human Rights Watch World Report 1995. New York: Human Rights Watch.
_____. 1994. Human Rights Watch World Report 1994. New York: Human Rights Watch, pp. 254-55.
Kossuth Radio Network [Budapest, in Hungarian]. 10 October 1995. "Ethnic Hungarians Protest 'Abusive Letters'." (FBIS-EEU-95-196 11 Oct. 1995, pp. 72-73)
_____. 17 September 1995. "Ethnic Hungarians Evicted to House Serbs." (FBIS-EEU-95-180 18 Sept. 1995, pp. 74-75)
_____. 2 September 1995. "Hungarian Employees Replaced by Krajina Refugees." (FBIS-EEU-95-171 5 Sept. 1995, p. 72)
_____. 15 August 1995. "Hungarians Fear Refugees Changing Ethnic Balance." (FBIS-EEU-95-158 16 Aug. 1995, p. 57)
Magyar Hirlap [Budapest, in Hungarian]. 19 September 1995. "Vojvodina Hungarians Receive Threatening Leaflets." (FBIS-EEU-95-182 20 Sept. 1995, pp. 56-57)
Magyarorszag [Budapest, in Hungarian]. 25 August 1995. Istvan Valihora. "Serb Refugee Resettlement in Vojvodina Reported." (FBIS-EEU-95-198 13 Oct. 1995, pp. 70-71)
MTI [Budapest, in English]. 9 September 1993. "Hungarians Leaving Vojvodina in 'Ever Stronger' Waves." (FBIS-EEU-93-174 10 Sept. 1993, p. 12)
Nedeljna Borba [Belgrade, in Serbo-Croatian]. 16-17 October 1993. Zana Surences. "Ethnic Hungarians Reportedly Emigrate En Masse." (FBIS-EEU-93-207 28 Oct. 1993, pp. 42-44)
News from Helsinki Watch [New York]. May 1994. Vol. 6, No. 6. "Human Rights Abuses of Non-Serbs in Kosovo, Sandzak and Vojvodina," pp. 1-2, 5-8.
Tanjug [Belgrade, in English]. 15 October 1993. "Report of FRY Pressure on Vojvodina Hungarians." (FBIS-EEU-93-199 18 Oct. 1993, p. 18)