Freedom of the Press - Luxembourg (2005)
|Publication Date||27 April 2005|
|Cite as||Freedom House, Freedom of the Press - Luxembourg (2005), 27 April 2005, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4734517336.html [accessed 13 December 2013]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Legal Environment: 2
Political Influences: 4
Economic Pressures: 5
Total Score: 11
Life Expectancy: 78
Religious Groups: Roman Catholic (87 percent), Protestant (13 percent), other [including Jewish and Muslim] (10 percent)
Ethnic Groups: Celtic, Portuguese, Italian, Slav, other
The constitution provides for freedom of the press. In May, after five years of discussion in the grand duchy, the parliament adopted a new press law, which replaces 135-year-old legislation. The press law improves journalists' rights and provides for the protection of sources. According to the European Federation of Journalists, the passing of the new law was an important success for press freedom following attempts by a large publishing house to bring down the board of the Luxembourg Association of Journalists.
Media policy is very liberal, which has led Luxembourg to serve as a provider of broadcast services for audiences across Europe. Government-run media outlets are minor; RTL, a locally owned media conglomerate, dominates the broadcast media. RTL's radio stations have broadcast in France and Germany for decades. As other countries have liberalized their own media markets, this role has decreased in recent years, leaving Luxembourg with less revenue for its small domestic market. Newspapers and magazines present a wide variety of viewpoints, but their financial viability depends on support from political parties and trade unions. Large government media subsidies are intended to prevent closures, and many broadcasters operate only for a few hours a day. Internet access is unrestricted.