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Syria: Information on possible penalties Syrians who deserted from the military in 1961 might face upon return to Syria and on whether there was a general mobilization of all Syrian citizens during the Gulf War; if there was a mobilization, information on the age group targeted, on possible penalties faced by the draft evaders, and on policies toward Syrian citizens residing outside of Syria

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 1 January 1994
Citation / Document Symbol SYR16288.E
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Syria: Information on possible penalties Syrians who deserted from the military in 1961 might face upon return to Syria and on whether there was a general mobilization of all Syrian citizens during the Gulf War; if there was a mobilization, information on the age group targeted, on possible penalties faced by the draft evaders, and on policies toward Syrian citizens residing outside of Syria, 1 January 1994, SYR16288.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6ab2544.html [accessed 18 September 2014]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

 

Sources currently available at the DIRB in Ottawa contain no information additional to Responses to Information Requests SYR9035 of 5 July 1991 and SYR11138 of 29 June 1992 on possible penalties that Syrians who seserted from military in 1961 may face upon return to Syria.

However, the attached Annex I from the 1985 report of the united nations on conscientious objection to military service may be of interest (p. 29). According to this report, a person who refuses to perform military service may face emprisonment (ibid.). The lenght of emprisonment is not specified (ibid.)

Please see also the attached article from the BBC Summary of World Broadcasts on a general amnesty announced in April 1992 for temporary sentences for crimes committed before March 1992 (6 Apr. 1992). Article 1,d of Legislative Decree No. 2 refers specifically to amnesties for deserters (ibid.).

Sources currently available at the DIRB in Ottawa contain no information on a general mobilization of all Syrian citizens during the Gulf War.

                However, a call-up of the syrian reserve forces as a precautionary measure in the event of an outbreak of war in the Gulf was reported by the Jerusalem Israel Television Network (16 Jan. 1991). This source noted that the call-up was limited to anti-aircraft forces (ibid.). A report issued on the same day from Radio Free Lebanon in Arabic stated that "the reservists called up will serve in the Syrian Air Force" (16 Jan. 1991).

This response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum.

References

BBC Summary of World Broadcasts. 6 April 1992. "Syria President Asad Issues General Amnesty to Mark His New Term in Office." (NEXIS)

Jerusalem Israel Television Network [in Hebrew]. 16 January 1991. "Syrian Reserve Call-up Deemed 'Limited'." (FBIS-NES-91-011 16 Jan. 1991, pp. 28-29)

United Nations. 1985. Conscientious Objection to Military Service. New York: U.N Doc E/CN.4/Sub.2/1983/30/Rev.1. pp 19-27.

Radio Free Lebanon [in Arabic]. 16 January 1991. "Reservists Called up as 'Precautionary Measure'." (FBIS-NES-91-011 16 Jan. 1991, p. 34)

Attachments

BBC Summary of World Broadcasts. 6 April 1992. "Syria President Asad Issues General Amnesty to Mark His New Term in Office." (NEXIS)

Jerusalem Israel Television Network [in Hebrew]. 16 January 1991. "Syrian Reserve Call-up Deemed 'Limited'." (FBIS-NES-91-011 16 Jan. 1991, pp. 28-29)

United Nations. 1985. Conscientious Objection to Military Service. New York: U.N Doc E/CN.4/Sub.2/1983/30/Rev.1. pp 19-27.

Radio Free Lebanon [in Arabic]. 16 January 1991. "Reservists Called up as 'Precautionary Measure'." (FBIS-NES-91-011 16 Jan. 1991, p. 34)

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/. Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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