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Pakistan: The Sherpao group and the Benazir group of the Pakistan People's Party in Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP); whether they are divided along ethnic lines and, if so, what ethnic groups are represented; the names of the leaders of these factions at the provincial and district levels, especially for the districts of Charsadda and Buner; the position held by Haji Farman

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 2 October 2001
Citation / Document Symbol PAK37776.E
Reference 4
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Pakistan: The Sherpao group and the Benazir group of the Pakistan People's Party in Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP); whether they are divided along ethnic lines and, if so, what ethnic groups are represented; the names of the leaders of these factions at the provincial and district levels, especially for the districts of Charsadda and Buner; the position held by Haji Farman, 2 October 2001, PAK37776.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3df4be8c14.html [accessed 22 December 2014]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

A 16 February 1999 article reported that the former Chief Minister of Pakistan's Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP), Aftab Sherpao, had been expelled from the Pakistan People's Party (PPP) on charges of "indiscipline and violation of the party constitution" (Hindustan Times). Sherpao had failed to respond to a show-cause notice served to him on 8 September 1999 in which he was charged by PPP with "creating and nominating a parallel organisation of the PPP and meeting leaders of other political parties on behalf of the party without authorisation of the chairperson" (ibid.).

Sherpao is currently living in self-exile in London, where he had fled to escape charges of corruption brought before him by the accountability courts (Dawn 21 July 2001; Gulf News 6 Aug. 2000). For more information on the Sherpao case please refer to PAK37323.E of 10 July 2001.

According to a 15 July 2001 article, the PPP emerged from the most recent district elections as the "single largest popular force" in NWFP (The News on Sunday). Both the PPP led by Benazir Bhutto and the "splinter-group" led by Sherpao won more seats in NWFP than either the Awami National Party (ANP) or the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz group (PML-N) (ibid.). The Sherpao group reportedly emerged as the front-runner in Charsadda while the PPP (no group specified) was the front-runner in Buner, Beshawar, Haripur, and the Malakand Agency (ibid.). In the Nowshera district elections, the top two positions went to both the Sherpao and Benazir factions of the PPP (ibid.).

According to an 8 July 2001 article, PPP's Sherpao faction had such a strong showing in NWFP, especially in Peshawar and Charsaddah districts, that it should "force Ms. Bhutto to review her relations with the rebel leader to unify the party in the province" (The News on Sunday). As well, reportedly for the first time, in a move intended to prevent the Jamaat-i-Islami (JI) from winning, the two groups fielded joint candidates in Dir district (The News on Sunday 15 July 2001).

Sikandar Hayat Sherpao, the son of Aftab Sherpao, reportedly leads the PPP Sherpao group (Dawn 3 September 2001). A 26 September 2001 article credits the leadership of the following men with keeping the PPP Sherpao group alive in NWFP: Ahmad Hassan Khan; Haji Muhammad Baz Khan Wardag, Kamran Kahn, Rafiul Mulk Khan, and Fazal Rehman Nono (Dawn).

As well, the following persons were referred to as PPP Sherpao leaders in NWFP districts: in district Charsadda, Naseer Mohammad Khan (Dawn 17 July 2001; The Frontier Post 9 Aug. 2001) who was elected as district nazim with Alamzeb Umerzai as his deputy (ibid.); Sher Akber Khan in Buner district (Dawn 1 Aug. 2001); Pervez Khan Khattak, winner of the district nazim polls in Nowshera (The Frontier Post 3 Aug. 2001); and Muhammad Nisar Khan Wardag, who was reported to have won the deputy nazim seat in Dir upper (Dawn 26 Sept. 2001).

In NWFP, Kh Mohammad Khan Hoti is named as president and Najamuddin Khan is named as secretary general of the Benazir group of the PPP (PPP n.d.). For more information on the PPP party structure and the Party leaders, please refer to PAK37368.E of 24 July 2001. Both Dr. Mehboobur Rehman from Swat and Muhammad Humayun Khan from Malakand agency of the PPP Hoti group were reported to have won seats in their respective district nazims (Dawn 26 Sept. 2001). Najamuddin Khan, also of the PPP Hoti group, was reported to have lost in the Dir upper general elections (ibid.).

Additional names of the NWFP PPP leaders of the Sherpao and Benazir groups could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

No reference could be found to whether these two groups are divided along ethnic lines and no reference to Haji Farman could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.

References

Dawn [Karachi]. 26 September 2001. "Mingora: Final Round of LB Election Ends." [Accessed 27 Sept. 2001]

_____. 3 September 2001. "PPP (Sherpao) Maps Out Poll Strategy." [Accessed 27 Sept. 2001]

_____. 1 August 2001. "Mingora: Tough Fight for Nazims Seats Likely: Dir, Malakand, Buner." [Accessed 27 Sept. 2001]

_____. 21 July 2001. M. Ismail Khan. "Sherpao Plans Return Before 20002 Polls." [Accessed 28 Sept. 2001]

_____. 17 July 2001. "Pesahawar: PPP(S), Like-Minded & Jamaat Form Alliance." [Accessed 27 Sept. 2001]

The Frontier Post [Peshawar]. 9 August 2001. "Run-Off Polls Held in 38 Districts." [Accessed 27 Sept. 2001]

_____. 3 August 2001. "Polls for District Chiefs, Reserved Seats Held Peacefully." [Accessed 27 Sept. 2001]

Gulf News [Dubai]. 6 August 2000. "Sherpao Seeks UK Asylum." (FT Asia Intelligence Wire/NEXIS)

Hindustan Times [New Delhi]. 16 September 1999. "Former NWFP CM Expelled From PPP." (Financial Times Information/NEXIS)

The News on Sunday [Islamabad]. 15 July 2001. Behroz Khan. "Stag Party: The PPP Has Emerged From the Polls in the NWFP as the Single Largest Popular Force." [Accessed 26 Sept. 2001]

_____. 8 July 2001. Adnan Adil. "Party for the Locals." [Accessed 26 Sept. 2001]

Pakistan People's Party (PPP). n.d. [Accessed 28 September 2001]

Additional Sources Consulted

IRB databases

Jane's Intelligence Review

LEXIS/NEXIS

Research Directorate. Country File

Oral source:

One academic source was unable to provide information

Internet sites, including:

Amnesty International

BBC

CNN

Dawn

Frontier Post

Human Rights Commission of Pakistan

Human Rights Watch

Integrated Regional Information Networks

International Relations and Security Network

News International

Pakistan Daily

Pakistan News Service

UN News

World News Connection

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/. Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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