Last Updated: Thursday, 21 August 2014, 11:05 GMT

Constitution of Sierra Leone, 1991

Publisher National Legislative Bodies / National Authorities
Publication Date 1 October 1992
Reference SLE-010
Cite as Constitution of Sierra Leone, 1991  [],  1 October 1992, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b5b94.html [accessed 22 August 2014]
Comments This is the official text of the Constitution promulgated as Act No. 6 of 1991, published in the Supplement to the Sierra Leone Gazette Extraordinary Vol. CXXII, No. 59, dated 25 September 1991. The Constitution was signed on 24 September 1991 by the President J.S. Momoh. It repeals the Constitution of Sierra Leone, 1978.
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Being an Act to make provision for a new Constitution of Sierra Leone, and for connected purposes

BE IT ENACTED by the President and Members of Parliament in this present Parliament assembled, as follows:-

CHAPTER I - THE REPUBLIC OF SIERRA LEONE

1. Declaration of Republic.

Sierra Leone is a Sovereign Republic, the boundaries of which are delimited in the First Schedule hereto.

2. Public Seal.

The Public Seal of the Republic shall be such a device as Parliament shall prescribe.

3. The National Flag and National Anthem.

(1)

(a) The Flag of which the design is described in paragraph (b) hereof is hereby declared to be the National Flag of Sierra Leone.

(b) The design of the Flag shall be from the top of the Flag to the bottom thereof, three horizontal stripes of green, white and blue.

(c) The normal size of the Flag for official use shale be in the proportion of nine units across to six units down.

(2) The National Anthem of the Republic shall be such as Parliament shall prescribe.

CHAPTER II - FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY

4. Fundamental obligations of Government.

All organs of Government and all authorities and persons exercising legislative, executive or judicial powers shall conform to, observe and apply the provisions of this Chapter.

5. Government and the people.

(1) The Republic of Sierra Leone shall be a State based on the principles of Freedom, Democracy and Justice.

(2) It is accordingly declared that -

(a) sovereignty belongs to the people of Sierra Leone from whom Government through this Constitution derives all its powers, authority and legitimacy;

(b) the security, peace and welfare of the people of Sierra Leone shall be the primary purpose and responsibility of Government, and to this and it shall be the duty of the Armed Forces, the Police, Public Officers and all security agents to protect and safeguard the people of Sierra Leone; and

(c) the participation of the people in the governance of the State shall be ensured in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution.

6. Political objectives.

(1) The motto of the Republic of Sierra Leone shall be Unity, Freedom and Justice.

(2) Accordingly, the State shall promote national integration and unity and discourage discrimination on the grounds of place of origin, circumstance of birth, sex, religion, status, ethnic or linguistic association or ties.

(3) For the purposes of promoting national integration and unity, the State shall -

(a) provide adequate facilities for and encourage free mobility of people, goods and services throughout Sierra Leone; and

(b) secure full rights of residence for every citizen in all parts of the State.

(4) The State shall protect and defend the liberty of the individual, enforce the rule of law and ensure the efficient functioning of Government services.

(5) The State shall take all steps to eradicate all corrupt practices and the abuse of power.

7. Economic objectives.

(1) The State shall within the context of the ideals and objectives for which provisions are made in this Constitution -

(a) harness all the natural resources of the nation to promote national prosperity and an efficient, dynamic and self-reliant economy;

(b) manage and control the national economy in such a manner as to secure the maximum welfare and freedom of every citizen on the basis of social justice and equality of opportunity;

(c) protect the right of any citizen to engage in any economic activity without prejudice to the rights of any other person to participate in areas of the economy;

(d) place proper and adequate emphasis on agriculture in all its aspects so as to ensure self-sufficiency in food production; and

(e) ensure that Government shall always give priority and encouragement to Sierra Leoneans to participate in all spheres of the economy in furtherance of these objectives.

8. Social objectives.

(1) The Social Order of the State shall be founded on the ideals of Freedom, Equality and Justice.

(2) In furtherance of the Social Order -

(a) every citizen shall have equality or rights, obligations, and opportunities before the law, and the State shall ensure that every citizen has an equal right and access to all opportunities and benefits based on merit;

(b) the State shall recognise, maintain and enhance the sanctity of the human person and human dignity; and

(c) the Government shall secure and maintain the independence, impartiality and integrity of courts of law and unfettered access thereto, and to this end shall ensure that the operation of the legal system promotes justice on the basis of equal opportunity, and That opportunities for securing justice are not denied any citizen by reason of economic or other disability.

(3) The State shall direct its policy towards ensuring that -

(a) every citizen, without discrimination on any grounds whatsoever, shall have the opportunity for securing adequate means of livelihood as well as adequate opportunities to secure suitable employment;

(b) conditions of service and work are fair, just and humane and that there are adequate facilities for leisure and for social, religious and cultural life;

(c) the health, safety and welfare of all persons in employment are safeguarded and not endangered or abused, and in particular that special provisions be made for working women with children, having due regard to the resources of the State;

(d) there are adequate medical and health facilities for all persons, having due regard to the resources of the State;

(e) there is equal pay for equal work without discrimination on account of sex, and that adequate and satisfactory remuneration is paid to all persons in employment; and

(f) the care and welfare of the aged, young and disabled shall be actively promoted and safeguarded.

9. Educational objectives.

(1) The Government shall direct its policy towards ensuring that there are equal rights and adequate educational opportunities for all citizens at all levels by -

(a) ensuring that every citizen is given the opportunity to be educated to the best of his ability, aptitude and inclination by providing educational facilities at all levels and aspects of education such as primary, secondary, vocational, technical, college and university;

(b) safeguarding the rights of vulnerable groups, such as children, women and the disabled in securing educational facilities; and

(c) providing the necessary structures, finance and supportive facilities for education as and when practicable.

(2) The Government shall strive to eradicate illiteracy, and to this end shall direct its educational policy towards achieving -

(a) free adult literacy programmes;

(b) free compulsory basic education at primary and junior secondary school levels; and

(c) free senior secondary education as and when practicable.

(3) The Government shall promote the learning of indigenous languages and the study and application of modern science, foreign languages, technology, commerce and business.

10. Foreign policy objectives.

The Foreign Policy Objectives of the State shall be -

(a) the promotion and protection of the National interest;

(b) the promotion of sub-regional, regional and inter-African co-operation and unity;

(c) the promotion of international co-operation for the consolidation of international peace and security and mutual respect among all nations. and respect for their territorial integrity and independence; and

(d) respect for international law and treaty obligations, as well as the seeking of settlement of international disputes by negotiation, conciliation, arbitration or adjudication.

11. Obligations of the mass media.

The press, radio and television and other agencies of the mass media shall at all times be free to uphold the fundamental objectives contained in this Constitution and highlight the responsibility and accountability of the Government to the people.

12. Enhancement of national culture.

The Government shall-

(a) promote Sierra Leonean culture such as music, art, dance, science, philosophy, education and traditional medicine which is compatible with national development;

(b) recognize traditional Sierra Leonean institutions compatible with national development;

(c) protect and enhance the cultures of Sierra Leone; and

(d) facilitate the provision of funds for the development of culture in Sierra Leone.

13. Duties of the citizen.

Every citizen shall -

(a) abide by this Constitution, respect its ideals and its institutions, the National Flag, the National Anthem and authorities and offices established or constituted under this Constitution or any other law;

(b) cultivate a sense of nationalism and patriotism so that loyalty to the State shall override sectional, ethnic, tribal or other loyalties;

(c) protect and preserve public property and prevent the misappropriation and squandering of funds belonging to the Government, local authorities or public corporations;

(d) help enhance the power, prestige and good name of the State and to defend the State and render national service as may be required;

(e) respect the dignity and religion of other individuals, and the rights and interests of others;

(f) make positive and useful contributions to the advancement, progress, and well-being of the community, wherever he resides;

(g) work conscientiously in a lawful and chosen occupation and abstain from any activity detrimental to the general welfare of others;

(h) ensure the proper control and upbringing of his children sad wards;

(i) participate in and defend all democratic processes and practices; and

(j) render assistance to appropriate and lawful agencies in the maintenance of law and order.

14. Fundamental principles not justiciable.

Notwithstanding the provisions of section 4, the provisions contained in this Chapter shall not confer legal rights and shall not be enforceable in any court of law, but the principles contained therein shall nevertheless be fundamental in the governance of the State, and it shall be the duty of Parliament to apply these principles in making laws.

CHAPTER III - THE RECOGNITION AND PROTECTION OF FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS OF THE INDIVIDUAL

15. Fundamental Human Rights and Freedoms of the Individual.

Whereas every person in Sierra Leone is entitled to the fundamental human rights and freedoms of the individual, that is to say, has the right, whatever his race, tribe, place of origin, political opinion, colour, creed or sex, but subject to respect for the rights and freedoms of others and for the public interest, to each and all of the following -

(a) life, liberty, security of person, the enjoyment of property, and the protection of law;

(b) freedom of conscience, of expression and of assembly and association;

(c) respect for private and family life; and

(d) protection from deprivation of property without compensation;

the subsequent provisions of this Chapter shall have effect for the purpose of affording protection to the aforesaid rights and freedoms, subject to such limitations of that protection as are contained in those provisions, being limitations designed to ensure that the enjoyment of the said rights and freedoms by any individual does not prejudice the rights and freedoms of others, or the public in crest.

16. Protection of right to life.

(1) No person shall be deprived of his life intentionally except in execution of the sentence of a court in respect of a criminal offence under the laws of Sierra Leone, of which he has been convicted.

(2) Without prejudice to any liability for a contravention of any other law with respect to the use of force in such cases as are hereinafter mentioned, a person shall not be regarded as having been deprived of his life in contravention of this section if he dies as a result of the use of force to such extent as is reasonably justifiable in the circumstances of the case, that is to say -

(a) for the defence of any person from unlawful violence or for the defence of property; or

(b) in order to effect a lawful arrest or to prevent the escape of a person lawfully detained; or

(c) for the purpose of suppressing a riot, insurrection or mutiny; or

(d) in order to prevent the commission by that person of a criminal offence; or

(e) it he dies as a result of a lawful act of war.

17. Protection from arbitrary arrest or detention.

(1) No person shall be deprived of his personal liberty except as may be authorised by law in any of the following cases, that is to say -

(a) in consequence of his unfitness to plead to a criminal charge; or

(b) in the execution of a sentence or order of a Court whether in Sierra Leone or elsewhere in respect of a criminal offence of which he has been convicted; or

(c) in the execution of an order of the High Court or the Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court or such other court as may be prescribed by Parliament on the grounds of his contempt of any such court or of another court or tribunal or commission of inquiry as the case may be; or

(d) in the execution of an Order of a court made in order to secure tee fulfilment of any obligation imposed on him by law; or

(e) for the purpose of bringing him before a court or tribunal, as the case may be, in execution of the order of a court; or

(f) upon reasonable suspicion of his having committed or of being about to commit a criminal offence, or

(g) in the case of a person who has not attained the age of twenty-one years, for the purpose of his education or welfare; or

(h) for the purpose of preventing the spread of an infectious or contagious disease; or

(i) in the cave of a person who is, or is reasonably suspected to be, of unsound mind, addicted to drugs or alcohol, or a vagrant, for the purpose of his care or treatment or the protection of the community; or

(j) for the purpose of preventing the unlawful entry of that person into Sierra Leone, or for the purpose of effecting the expulsion, extradition or other lawful removal of that person from Sierra Leone or the taking of proceedings thereto.

(2) Any person who -

(a) is arrested or detained shall be informed in writing or in a language that he understands at the time of his arrest, and in any event not later than twenty-four hours, of the facts and grounds for his arrest or detention;

(b) is arrested or detained shall be informed immediately at the time of his arrest of his right of access to a legal practitioner or any person of his choice, and shall be permitted at his own expense to instruct without delay a legal practitioner of his own choice and to communicate with him confidentially.

(3) Any person who is arrested or detained in such a cave as is mentioned in paragraph (e) or (f) of subsection (1) and who is not released shall be brought before a court of law -

(a) within ten days from the date of arrest in cases of capital offences, offences carrying life imprisonment and economic and environmental offences; and

(b) within seventy-two hours of his arrest in case of other offences;

and if any person arrested or detained in such a case as is mentioned in the said paragraph (f) is not tried within the periods specified in paragraph (a) or (b) of this section. as the case may be, then without prejudice to any further proceedings which may be brought against him he shall be released either unconditionally or upon reasonable conditions, including in particular, such conditions as are reasonably necessary to ensure that he appears at a later date for trial or proceedings preliminary to trial.

(4) Any person who is unlawfully arrested or detained by any other person shall be entitled to compensation therefor from that other person.

18. Protection of freedom of movement.

(1) No person shall be deprived of his freedom of movement, and for the purpose of this section the said freedom means the right to move freely throughout Sierra Leone, the right to reside in any part of Sierra Leone, the right to enter or leave Sierra Leone, and immunity from expulsion from Sierra Leone.

(2) Any restriction on a person's freedom of movement which is involved in his lawful detention shall not be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this section.

(3) Nothing contained in or done under authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this section to the extent that the law in question makes provision -

(a) which is reasonably required in the interests of defence, public safety, public order, public morality, public health or she conservation of the natural resources, such as mineral, marine, forest and other resources of Sierra Leone, except in so far as that provision or, as the case may be, the thing done under the authority thereof is shown not to be reasonably justifiable in a democratic society; or

(b) for the imposition of restrictions on the movement or residence within Sierra Leone of any person who is not a citizen thereof or the exclusion or expulsion from Sierra Leone of any such persons; or

(c) for the imposition of restrictions on the acquisition or use by any person of land or other property in Sierra Leone; or

(d) for the imposition of restrictions upon the movement or residence within Sierra Leone of public officers or members of a defence force; or

(e) for the removal of a person from Sierra Leone to be tried outside Sierra Leone for a criminal offence recognised as such by the laws of Sierra Leone, or to serve a term of imprisonment outside Sierra Leone in the execution of the sentence of a court in respect of a criminal offence of which ho has been convicted; or

(f) for preventing the departure from Sierra Leone of a person who is reasonably suspected of having committed a crime or seeking to evade the fulfilment of an obligation imposed on him under the civil law or to evade military service:

Provided that no court or other authority shall prohibit any such person from entering into or residing in any place to which he is indigenous; or

(g) for restricting vagrancy.

(4) If -

(a) any person whose freedom of movement has been restricted by virtue only of such a provision as is referred to in paragraph (a) of subsection (3) se requests at any time during the period of that restriction not earlier than thirty days after he last made such a request during that period, his case shall he reviewed by an independent anti impartial tribunal, established by law, comprising not more than three persons from amongst persons of not less than fifteen years' standing entitled to practice in Sierra Leone as legal practitioners;

(b) any tribunal has been set up under paragraph (a), the Chairman of that tribunal shall be appointed by the Chief Justice, and the two other members of the tribunal shall be nominated by the Sierra Leone Bar Association.

(5) On any review by a tribunal in pursuance of subsection (4) of the case of any person whose freedom of movement has been restricted, the tribunal may make recommendations concerning the necessity of expediency of continuing that restriction to the authority by whom it was ordered, but unless it is otherwise provided by law, that authority shall not be obliged to act in accordance with such recommendations.

19. Protection from slavery and forced labour.

(1) No person shall be held in slavery or servitude of be required to perform forced labour or traffic or deal in human beings.

(2) For the purposes of this section the expression "forced labour" does not include -

(a) any labour required in consequence of a sentence or order of a court; or

(b) labour required of any person while he is lawfully detained, which though not required in consequence of the sentence or order of a court, is reasonably necessary in the interest of hygiene or for the maintenance of the place in which he is detained; or

(c) any labour required of a member of a defence force in pursuance of his duties as such or, in the ease of a person who has conscientious objections to service as such a member, any labour which that person is required by law to perform in place of such service; or

(d) any labour required during a period of public emergency or calamity which threatens the life or well-being of the community; or

(e) communal labour or labour which forms part of other civic obligation.

20. Protection from inhuman treatment.

(1) No person shall be subject to any form of torture or any punishment or other treatment which is inhuman or degrading.

(2) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this section to the extent that the law in question authorises the infliction of any kind of punishment which was lawful immediately before the entry into force of this Constitution.

21. Protection from deprivation of property.

(1) No property of any description shall be compulsorily taken possession of, and no interest in or right over property of any description shall be compulsorily acquired, except where the following conditions are satisfied, that is to say -

(a) the taking of possession or acquisition is necessary in the interests of defence, public safety, public order, public morality, public health, town and country planning, the development or utilization of any property in such a manner as to promote the public benefit or the public welfare of citizens of Sierra Leone; and

(b) the necessity therefor is such as to afford reason able justification for the causing of any hardship that may result to any person having any interest in or right over the property; and

(c) provision is made by law applicable to that taking of possession or acquisition -

(i) for the prompt payment of adequate compensation; and

(ii) securing to any person having an interest in or right over the property, a right of access to a court or other impartial and independent authority for the determination of his interest or right, the legality of the taking of possession or acquisition of the property, interest or right, and the amount of any compensation to which he is entitled and for the purpose of obtaining prompt payment of that compensation.

(2) Nothing in this section shall be construed as affecting the making or operation of any law in so far as it provides for the taking of possession or acquisition of property -

(a) in satisfaction of any tax, rate or due;

(b) by way of penalty for breach of the law whether under civil process or after conviction of a criminal offence;

(c) as an incident of a lease, tenancy, mortgage charge, bill of sale, pledge or contract;

(d) by way of the vesting or administration of trust property, enemy property; bona vacantia, property of prohibited aliens, or the property of persons adjudged or otherwise declared bankrupt or insolvent, persons of unsound mind, deceased persons, or bodies corporate or incorporate in the course of being wound up;

(e) in the execution of judgements or orders of courts;

(f) by reason of such property being in a dangerous state or liable to cause injuries to the health of human beings, animals or plants;

(g) in consequence of any law with respect to the limitation of actions;

(h) for so long only as such taking of possession may be necessary for the purposes of any examination, investigation, trial, or inquiry, or, in the case of land, the carrying out thereon -

(i) of work of soil conservation or the conservation of other natural resources; or

(ii) of agricultural development or improvement which the owner or occupier of the land has been required, and has without reasonable or lawful excuse refused or failed to carry out.

(3) Nothing in this section shall be construed as affecting the making or operation of any law for the compulsory taking of possession in the public interest of any property or the compulsory acquisition in the public interest in or right over property, where that property, interest or right is held by a body corporate which is established directly by any law and in which no moneys have been invested other than moneys provided by Parliament or by the Legislature of the former Colony and Protectorate of Sierra Leone.

(4) Any such property of whatever description compulsorily taken possession of, and any interest in, or right over, property of any description compulsorily acquired in the public interest or for public purposes, shall be used only in the public interest or for the public purposes for which it is taken or acquired.

(5) Where any such property as is referred to in subsection (4) is not used in the public interest or for the public purposes for which it was taken or acquired, the person who was the owner immediately before the compulsory taking or acquisition, as the case may be, shall he given the first option of acquiring that property, in which event he shall be required to refund the whole or such part of the compensation as may be agreed upon between the parties thereto; and in the absence of any such agreement such amount as shall be determined by the High Court.

22. Protection for privacy of home and other property.

(1) Except with his own consent, no person shall be subjected to the search of his person or his property or the entry by others on his premises, or interference with his correspondence, telephone conversations and telegraphic and electronic communications.

(2) Nothing contained in or done under authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this section to the extent that the law in question makes provision that is reasonably required -

(a) in the interest of defence, public safety, public order, public morality, public health, town and country planning, or the development or utilization of any property in such a manner as to promote the public benefit; or

(b) to enable any body corporate established directly by any law or any department of the Government or any local authority to enter on the premises of any person in order to carry out work in connection with any property or installation which is lawfully on such premises and which belongs to that body corporate or to the Government or to that authority, as the case may be; or

(c) for the purpose of protecting the rights and freedoms of other persons; or

(d) for the purpose of executing any judgement or order of a court; or

(e) for the purpose of affording such special care and assistance as are necessary for the health, safety, development and well-being of women, children and young persons, the aged and the handicapped;

and except in so far as that provision or, as the case may be, the thing done under authority thereof is shown not to be reasonably justifiable in a democratic society.

23. Provision to secure protection of law.

(1) Whenever any person is charged with a criminal offence he shall unless the charge is withdrawn, be afforded a fair hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial court established by law.

(2) Any court or other authority prescribed by law for the determination of the existence or extent of civil rights or obligations shall be independent and impartial; and where proceedings for such determination are instituted by or against any person or authority or the Government before such court or authority, the ease shall be given fair hearing within a reasonable time.

(3) All proceedings of every court and proceedings relating to the determination of the existence or the extent of civil rights or obligations before any court or other authority, including the announcement of the decision of the court or other authority, shall be held in public:

Provided that the court or other authority may, to such an extent as it may consider necessary or expedient in circumstances where publicity would prejudice the interest of justice or interlocutory civil proceedings or to such extent as it may be empowered or required by law so to do in the interest of defence, public safety, public order, public morality, the welfare of persons under the age of twenty-one years or the protection of the private lives of persons concerned in the proceedings, exclude from its proceedings, persons other than the parties thereto and their legal representatives.

(4) Every person who is charged with a criminal offence, shall be presumed to be innocent until he is proved, or has pleaded guilty:

Provided that nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this subsection, to the extent that the law in question imposes on any person charged as aforesaid the burden of proving particular facts.

(5) Every person who is charged with a criminal offence -

(a) shall be informed at the time he is charged in the language which he understands and in detail, of the nature of the offence charged;

(b) shall be given adequate time and facilities for the preparation of his defence;

(c) shall he permitted to defend himself in person or by a legal practitioner of his own choice;

(d) shall ho afforded facilities to examine in person or by his legal practitioner the witnesses called by the prosecutions before any court and to obtain the attendance and carry out the examination of witnesses to testify on his behalf before the court on the same conditions as those applying to witnesses called by the prosecution; and

(e) shall be permitted to have without payment the assistance of an interpreter if he cannot understand the language used at the trial of the charge:

Provided that nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this subsection to the extent that the law in question prohibits legal representation in a Local Court.

(6) When a person is tried for any criminal offence, the accused person or any person authorised by him in that behalf shall if he so requires, and subject to the payment of such reasonable fee as may be prescribed by law, be given within a reasonable tune, and in any event not more than three months after trial, a copy for the use of the accused person of any record of the proceedings made by or on behalf of the court.

(7) No person shall be held to be guilty of a criminal offence on account of any act or omission which did not at the time it took place, constitute such an offence.

(8) No penalty shall be imposed far any criminal offence which is severer in degree or description than the maximum penalty which might have been imposed for that offence at the time when it was committed.

(9) No person who shows that he has been tried by any competent court for a criminal offence and either convicted or acquitted shall again be tried for that offence or for any other offence of which he could have been convicted at the trial for that offence save upon the order of a superior court made in the course of appeal proceedings relating to the conviction or acquittal; and no person shall be tried for a criminal offence if he shows that he hag been pardoned for that offence:

Provided that nothing in any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this sub. section by reason only that it authorises any court to try a member of a defence force for a criminal offence notwithstanding any trial and conviction or acquittal of that member under service law; but any court so trying such a member and convicting him shall in sentencing him to any punishment take into account any punishment awarded him under service law.

(10) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of any provisions of this section, other than subsections (7) and (8), to the extent that the law in question authorises the taking during a period of public emergency of measures that are reasonably justifiable for the purpose of dealing with the situation that exists before or during, that period of public emergency.

(11) In paragraphs (c) and (d) of subsection (5), the expression "legal practitioner" means a person entitled to practise as Barrister and Solicitor of the High Court.

24. Protection of freedom of conscience.

(1) Except with his own consent, no person shall be hindered in the enjoyment of his freedom of conscience and for the purpose of this section the said freedom includes freedom of thought and of religion, freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom either alone or in community with others and both in public and in private to manifest and propagate his religion or belief in worship, teaching, practice and observance.

(2) Except with his own consent (or if he is a minor the consent of his parent or guardian) no person attending any place of education shall be required to receive religious instruction or to take part in or to attend any religious ceremony or observance if that instruction, ceremony or observance relates to a religion other than his own.

(3) No religious community or denomination shall be prevented from providing religious instruction for persons of that community or denomination in the course of any education provided by that community or denomination.

(4) No person shall be compelled to take any oath which is contrary to his religion or belief or to take any oath in a manner which is contrary to his religion or belief.

(5) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this section to the extent that the law in question makes a provision which is reasonably required -

(a) in the interest of defence, public safety, public order, public morality or public health; or

(b) for the purpose of protecting the rights and freedoms of other persons including the right to observe and practise any religion without the unsolicited intervention of the members of any other religion;

and except in so far as that provision or, as the case may be, the thing done under the authority thereof, is shown not to be reasonably justifiable in a democratic society.

25. Protection of freedom of expression and the press.

(1) Except with his own consent, no person shall be hindered in the enjoyment of his freedom of expression, and for the purpose of this section the said freedom includes the freedom to hold opinions and to receive and impart ideas and information without interference, freedom from interference with his correspondence, freedom to own, establish and operate any medium for the dissemination of information, ideas and opinions, and academic freedom in institutions of learning:

Provided that no person other than the Government or any person or body authorised by the President shall own, establish or operate a television or wireless broadcasting station for any purpose whatsoever.

(2) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be heed to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this section to the extent that the law in question makes provision -

(a) which is reasonably required -

(i) in the interests of defence, public safety, public order, public morality or public health, or

(ii) for the purpose of protecting the reputations, rights and freedoms of other persons, preventing the disclosure of information received in confidence. maintaining the authority and independence of the courts, or regulating the telephony, telegraphy, telecommunications, posts, wireless broadcasting, television, public exhibitions or public entertainment; or

(b) which imposes restrictions on public officers or members of a defence force;

and except in so far as that provision or, as the case may be, the thing done under the authority thereof, is shown not to be reasonably justifiable in a democratic society.

26. Protection of freedom of assembly and association.

(1) Except with his own consent, no person shall be hindered in the enjoyment of his freedom of assembly and association, a that is to say, his right to assemble freely and associate with other persons and in particular to form or belong to an, political party, a trade unions or other economic, social or professional associations, national or international, for the protection of his interests.

(2) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this section to the extent that the law in question makes provision -

(a) which is reasonably required -

(i) in the interests of defence, public safety, public order, public morality, public health, or provision for the maintenance of supplies and services essential to the life of the community; or

(ii) for the purpose of protecting the rights and freedoms of other persons; or

(b) which imposes restrictions upon public officers or upon members of a defence force; or

(c) which imposes restrictions on the establishment of political parties, or regulates the organisation, registration, and functioning or political parties and the conduct of its members;

and except in so far as that provision, or as the case may be, the thing done under the authority thereof is shown not to be reasonably justifiable in a democratic society.

27. Protection discrimination.

(1) Subject to the provisions of subsection (4), (5) and (7), no law shall make any provision which is discriminatory either of itself or in its effect.

(2) Subject to the provisions of subsections (6), (7) and (8), no person shall be treated in a discriminatory manner by any person acting by virtue of any law or in the performance of the functions of any public office or any public authority.

(3) In this section the expression "discriminatory" means affording different treatment to different persons attributable wholly or mainly to their respective descriptions by race, tribe, sex, place of origin political opinions, colour or creed whereby persons of one such description are subjected to disabilities or restrictions to which persons of another such description are not made subject, or are accorded privileges or advantages which are not accorded to persons of another such description.

(4) Subsection (1) shall not apply to any law so far as that law makes provision -

(a) for the appropriation of revenues or other funds of Sierra Leone or for the imposition of taxation (including the levying of fees for the grant licences); or

(b) with respect to persons who are not citizens of Sierra Leone; or

(c) with respect to persons who acquire citizenship of Sierra Leone by registration or by naturalization, or by resolution of Parliament; or

(d) with respect to adoption, marriage, divorce, burial, devolution of property on death or other interests of personal law; or

(e) for the application in the case of members of a particular race or tribe or customary law with respect to any matter to the exclusion of any law with respect to that matter which is applicable in the case of other persons; or

(f) for authorising the taking during a period of public emergency of measures that are reasonably justifiable for the purpose of dealing with the situation that exists during that period of public emergency; or

(g) whereby persons of any such description as mentioned in subsection (3) may be subjected to any disability or restriction or may be accorded any privilege or advantage which, having regard to its nature and to special circumstances pertaining to those persons or to persons of any other such description, is reasonably justifiable in a democratic society; or

(h) for the limitation of citizenship or relating to national registration or to the collection of demographic statistics.

(5) Nothing contained in any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of subsection (1) to the extent that it makes provision with respect to qualifications for service as a public officer or as a member of a defence force or for the service of a local government authority or a body corporate established directly by any law or of membership of Parliament.

(6) Subsection (2) shall not apply to anything which is expressly or by necessary implication authorised to be done by any such provisions of law as is referred to in subsection (4) or (5).

(7) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this section to the extent that the law in question makes provision whereby persons of any such description as is mentioned in subsection (3) may be subjected to any restriction of the rights and freedoms guaranteed by sections 18, 22, 24, 25 and 26 being such a restriction as is authorised by subsection (3) of section 18, subsection (2) of section 22, subsection (5) of section 24, subsection (2) of section 25 of subsection (2) of section 26, as the case may be.

(8) The exercise of any discretion relating to the institution, conduct or discontinuance of civil or criminal proceedings in any court that is vested in any person under or by this Constitution or any other law shall not be enquired into by any Court on the grounds that it contravenes the provision of subsection (2).

28. Enforcement of protective provisions.

(1) Subject to the provisions of subsection (4), if any person alleges that any of the provisions of sections 16 to 27 (inclusive) has been, is being or is likely to be contravened in relation to him by any person (or, in the case of a person who is detained, if any other person alleges such a contravention in relation to the detained person), then, without prejudice to any other action with respect to the same matter which is lawfully available, that person, (or that other person), may apply by motion to the Supreme Court for redress.

(2) The Supreme Court shall have original jurisdiction -

(a) to hear and determine any application made by any person in pursuance of subsection (1); and

(b) to determine any question arising in the case of any person which is referred to in pursuance of subjection (3), and may make such order, issue such writs, and give such directions as it may consider appropriate for the purpose of enforcing, or securing the enforcement of any of the previsions of the said sections 16 to 27 (inclusive) to the protection of which the person concerned is entitled:

Provided that the Supreme Court shall not exercise its powers under this subsection if it is satisfied that adequate means of redress for the contravention alleged are or have been available to the person concerned under any other law.

(3) If in any proceedings in any court other than the Supreme Court, any question arises as to the contravention of any of the provisions of sections 16 to 27 inclusive, that court may, and shall if any party to the proceedings so requests, refer the question to the Supreme Court.

(4)

(a) The Rules of Court Committee may make rules with respect to the practice and procedure of the Supreme Court for the purposes of this section;

(b) Parliament may confer upon the Supreme Court such powers in addition to those conferred by this section as may appear to Parliament to be necessary or desirable for the purpose of enabling the court more effectively to exercise the jurisdiction conferred upon it by this section.

(5) Parliament shall make provision -

(a) for the rendering of financial assistance to any indigent citizen of Sierra Leone where his right under this Chapter has been infringed, or with a view to enabling him to engage the services of a legal practitioner to prosecute his claim; and

(b) for ensuring that allegations of infringements of such lights are substantial and the requirement or need for financial or legal aid is real.

(6) The Supreme Court -

(a) consisting of not less than five Justices of the Supreme Court shall consider, every question referred to it under this Chapter for a decision, and, having heard arguments by or on behalf of the parties by Counsel, shall pronounce its decision on such question in open court as soon as may be and in any case not later than thirty days after the date of such reference;

(b) shall for the purposes of this Chapter, give its decision by a majority of the Justices of that Court and such decision shall be pronounced by the Chief Justice or any other of the Justices as the Court shall direct.

29. Public emergency.

(1) Whenever in the opinion of she President a state of public emergency is imminent or has commenced, the President may, at any time, by Proclamation which shall be published in the Gazette, declare that -

(a) a state of public emergency exists either in any part, or in the whole of Sierra Leone; or

(b) a situation exists which, if it is allowed to continue, may lead to a state of public emergency in any part of or the whole of Sierra Leone.

(2) The President may issue a Proclamation of a state, of public emergency only when -

(a) Sierra Leone is at war;

(b) Sierra Leone is in imminent danger of invasion or involvement in a state of war; or

(c) there is actual breakdown of public order and public safety in the whole of Sierra Leone or any part thereof to such an extent as to require extraordinary measures to restore peace and security; or

(d) there is a clear and present danger of an actual breakdown of public order and public safety in the whole of Sierra Leone or any part thereof requiring extraordinary measures to avert the same; or

(e) there is an occurrence of imminent danger, of the occurrence of any disaster or natural calamity affecting the community or a section of the community in Sierra Leone; or

(f) there is any other public danger which clearly constitutes a threat to the existence of Sierra Leone.

(3) Every declaration made under subsection (1) shall lapse -

(a) in the case of a declaration made when Parliament is sitting at the expiration of a period of seven days beginning with the date of publication of the declaration; and

(b) in an, other case, at the expiration of a period of twenty-one days beginning with the date of the declaration,

unless it has in the meantime been approved by or superseded by a Resolution of Parliament supported by the votes of two-thirds of the Members of Parliament.

(4) A declaration made under subsection (1) may at an, time before being superseded by a Resolution of Parliament be revoked by the President by Proclamation which shall be published in the Gazette, and all measures taken thereunder shall be deemed valid and lawful and shall not be enquired into by any court or tribunal.

(5) During a period of public emergency, the President may make such regulations and take such measures as appear to him to be necessary or expedient for the purpose of maintaining and securing peace, order and good government in Sierra Leone or any part thereof.

(6) Without derogating from the generality of the powers conferred by subsection (5) and notwithstanding the provisions of this Chapter, the regulations or measures may, so far as appears to the President to be necessary or expedient for any of the purposes mentioned in that subsection -

(a) make provision for the detention of persons, the restriction of the movement of persons within defined localities, and the deportation and exclusion of persons other than citizens of Sierra Leone from Sierra Leone or any part thereof;

(b) authorise -

(i) the taking of possession or control on behalf of the Government of any property or undertaking;

(ii) the acquisition on behalf of the Government of any property other than land;

(c) authorise the entering and search of any premises;

(d) amend any law, suspend the operation of any law, and apply any law with or without modification:

Provided that such amendment, suspension or modification shall not apply to this Constitution;

(e) provide for charging, in respect of the grant or issue of any licence, permit, certificate or other document for the purpose of the regulations, such fees as may be prescribed by or under the regulations;

(f) provide for payment of compensation and remuneration to persons affected by the regulations;

(g) provide for the apprehension, trial and punishment of persons offending against the regulations;

(h) provide for maintaining such supplies ant services as are, in the opinion of the President, essential to the life and well-being of the community.

Provided that nothing in this subsection shall authorise the making of regulations during a period of public emergency for the trial of persons who are not members of defence forces by military courts.

(7) The payment of any compensation or remuneration under the provisions of such regulations shall be a charge upon the Consolidated Fund.

(8) Regulations made under this section shall apply to the whose of Sierra Leone or to such parts thereof as may be specified in the regulations.

(9) Regulations made under this section may provide for empowering such authorities or persons as may be specified in the regulations to make Orders and Rules for any of the purposes for which the regulations are authorised by this Constitution to be necessary or expedient for the purposes of the regulations.

(10)

(a) Every regulation or measure taken under this section and every order or rule made in pursuance of such a regulation shall, without prejudice to the validity of anything lawfully done thereunder, cease to have effect ninety days from the date upon which it comes into operation unless before the expiration of the period, it has been approved by resolution passed by Parliament;

(b) Any such regulation, order or rule may, without prejudice to the validity of anything lawfully done thereunder at any time be amended or revoked by the President.

(11) Subject to the provisions of subsections (7) and (8) or section 23, every regulation made under this section and every order or rule made in pursuance of such a regulation shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any law; and any provision of a law which is inconsistent with any such regulation, order or rule shall, whether that provision has or has not been amended, modified or suspended in its operation under any Act, cease to have effect to the extent that such regulation, order or rule remains in force.

(12) A declaration made under subsection (1) that has been approved by or superseded by a resolution of Parliament in pursuance of subsection (2) shall, subject to the provisions of subsection (3), remain in force as long as that resolution remains in force.

(13) A resolution of Parliament passed for the purpose of this section shall remain in force for a period of twelve months or such shorter period as may be specified therein:

Provided that any such resolution may tee extended from time to time by a further such resolution, supported by the votes of two-thirds of Members of Parliament, each extension not exceeding twelve months from the date of the resolution effecting the extension; and any such resolution may be revoked at any time by a resolution supported by the votes of a simple majority of all the Members of Parliament.

(14) Any provision of this Section that a declaration made; under subsection (1) shall lapse or cease to be in force at any particular time is without prejudice to the making of a further such declaration whether before or after that time.

(15) Every document purporting to be an instrument made or issued by the President or other authority or person in pursuance of this section, or of any regulation made thereunder and to be signed by or on behalf of the President or such other authority or person, shall be received in evidence, and shall, until the contrary be proved, be deemed to be an instrument made or issued by the President or that authority or person.

(16) The President may summon Parliament to meet for the purpose of subsection (2) notwithstanding that Parliament then stands dissolved, and the persons who were Members of Parliament immediately before the dissolution shall be deemed, for those purposes, still to be Members of Parliament but subject to the provisions of section 79 of this Constitution (which relates to the election of the Speaker of Parliament), without prejudice to the provisions of section 85 of this Constitution (which relates to the prolongation of the life of Parliament during a period of public emergency), Parliament shall not when summoned by virtue of this subsection transact any business other than debating and voting upon a resolution for the purpose of subsection (2).

(17) During a period of detention -

(a) if any person who is detained in such a case as is mentioned in paragraph (a) of subsection (6) and who is not released so requests at any time not earlier than thirty days after he last made such a request during that period, his case shall be reviewed by an independent and impartial tribunal established by law, comprising not more than three persons from amongst persons of not less than fifteen year's standing entitled to practise in Sierra Leone as legal practitioners;

(b) the Chairman of the tribunal, set up under paragraph (a) shall be appointed by the Chief Justice, and the two other members shall be nominated by the Sierra Leone Bar Association;

(c) On any review by a tribunal in pursuance of paragraph (a) of the case of any detained person, the tribunal may make recommendations concerning the necessity or expediency of continuing his detention to the authority by whom it was ordered, but unless it is otherwise provided by law, that authority shall not be obliged to act in accordance with any such recommendations.

(18) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this section to the extent that the law in question authorises the taking during a period of a state of public emergency of measures that are reasonably justifiable for the purpose of dealing with the situation that exists immediately before and during that period of a state of public emergency.

30. Interpretation of Chapter III.

(1) In this Chapter, unless the context otherwise requires, the following expressions have the following meanings respectively, that is to say -

"contravention in relation to any requirement includes a failure to comply with that requirement, and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly;

"court" means any court of law in Sierra Leone other than a local court or a court constituted by or under service law and -

(a) in section 16, section 17, section 18, section 19, subsections (3), (5), (6), (9) (but not the proviso thereto) and (11) of Section 23, subsection (2) of section 25, subsection 8 of section 27, subsection (3) of section 28 and subsection (4) of section 29 includes, in relation to an offence against service law, a court so constituted, and

(b) in sections 17 and 19, and subsection (8) of section 27, includes, in relation to an offence against service law, an officer of a defence force or of the Sierra Leone Police Force;

"defence force" means any naval, military or airforce of the Government of the Republic of Sierra Leone;

"member" in relation to a defence force or other disciplined force, includes any person who, under the law regulating the discipline of that force, is subject to that discipline;

"owner" includes any person or his successor in title deprived of any right or interest pursuant to section 21; and

"service law" means the law regarding the discipline of a defence force or of the Sierra Leone Police Force or the Prisons Service or any disciplined volunteer force.

(2) References in sections 16, 17, 18 and 21 to a "criminal offence" shall be construed as including references to an offence against service law and such references in subsections (4) to (9) of section 23 shall, in relation to proceedings before a court constituted by or under service law, be similarly construed.

(3) Nothing done by or under the authority of the law of any country other than Sierra Leone to a member of an armed force raised under that law and lawfully present in Sierra Leone shall be held to be in contravention of the provisions of this Chapter.

(4) In relation to any person who is a member of a disciplined force raised under an Act of Parliament, nothing contained in or done under the authority of the disciplinary law of that force shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of any of the provisions of this Chapter.

(5) In relation to any Person who is a member of a disciplined force raised otherwise than as aforesaid and lawfully present in Sierra Leone, nothing contained in or done under the authority of the disciplinary law of that force shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of any of the provisions of this Chapter.

(6) In determining the appropriate "majority of all Members of Parliament" account shall only be taken of the persons actually and validly existing as Members of Parliament at the relevant time.

CHAPTER IV - THE REPRESENTATION OF THE PEOPLE

31. Registration of voters.

Every citizen of Sierra Leone being eighteen years of age and above and of sound mind shall have the right to vote, and accordingly shall be entitled to be registered as a voter for the purposes of public elections and referenda.

32. Electoral Commission.

(1) There shall be an Electoral Commission for Sierra Leone.

(2) The members of the Electoral Commission shall be a Chief Electoral Commissioner, who shall be Chairman, and four other members who shall be known as Electoral Commissioners.

(3) The members of the Electoral Commission shall be appointed by the President after consultation with the leaders of all registered political parties and subject to the approval of Parliament.

(4) A person shall not be qualified -

(a) for appointment as a member of the Electoral Commission if he is not qualified to be elected as a Member of Parliament, or

(b) to hold office as a member of the Electoral Commission if he is a Minister, a Deputy Minister, a Member of Parliament, or a public officer, or if he has attained the age of sixty-five years.

(5) The terms and conditions of service of members of the Electoral Commission shall be such as Parliament shall prescribe.

(6) A member of the Electoral Commission shall before assuming the functions of his office, take and subscribe before the President the Oath as set out in the Third Schedule to this Constitution.

(7) Subject to the provisions of this section, a member of the Electoral Commission shall vacate his office -

(a) at the expiration of five years from the date of his appointment; or

(b) on attaining the age of sixty-five years; or

(c) if any circumstances arise which, if he were not a member of the Commission, would cause him to be disqualified for appointment as such.

(8) A member of the Electoral Commission may be removed from office by the President for inability to discharge the functions of his office (whether arising from infirmity of mind or body or any other cause) or for misbehaviour.

(9) A member of the Electoral Commission shall not be removed from office except in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(10) Whenever a member of the Electoral Commission dies, resigns, is removed from office, or is absent from Sierra Leone, or is by reason of illness or any other cause unable to perform the functions of his office, the President may appoint a person who is qualified to be appointed Electoral Commissioner and any person so appointed shall, subject to the provisions of subsections (6) and (7), continue to perform those functions until his appointment is revoked by the president, or until the Electoral Commissioner is able to perform those functions, or until the appointment of a new Electoral Commissioner.

(11) In the exercise of any functions vested in it by this Constitution, the Electoral Commission shall not be subject to the direction or control of any person or authority.

(12) The Chief Electoral Commissioner shall submit a report on the programme and work of the Electoral Commission at least once a year to the President and a copy of such report shall be laid before Parliament.

33. Functions of the Electoral Commission.

Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the Electoral Commission shall be responsible for the conduct and supervision of the registration of voters for, and of, all public elections and referenda; and for that purpose shall have power to make regulations by statutory instrument for the registration of voters, the conduct of Presidential, Parliamentary or Local Government elections and referenda, and other matters connected therewith, including regulations for voting by proxy.

34. Political Parties Registration Commission.

(1) There shall be a Political Parties Registration Commission which shall consist of four members appointed by the President, namely -

(a) the Chairman of the Commission, who shall be a person who has held judicial office or is qualified to be appointed a Judge of the Superior Court of judicature nominated by the Judicial and Legal Service Commission;

(b) the Chief Electoral Commissioner;

(c) a legal practitioner nominated by the Sierra Leone Bar Association; and

(d) a member nominated by the Sierra Leone Labour Congress.

(2) The members of the Commission, other than the Chief Electoral Commissioner, shall be appointed by the President, subject to the approval of Parliament.

(3) The Administrator and Registrar-General shall be Secretary to the Commission.

(4) The Commission shall be responsible for the registration of all political parties and for that purpose may make such regulations as may be necessary for the discharge of its responsibilities under this Constitution:

Provided that the first registration of political Parties after the coming into force of this Constitution shall be undertaken by the Electoral Commission.

(5) In the exercise of any functions vested in it by this Constitution, the Commission shall not be subject to the direction or control of any person or authority, save only as regards the right to appeal contained in. section 35.

35. Registration and conduct of political parties.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, political parties may be established to participate in shaping the political will of the people, to disseminate information on political ideas, and social and economic programmes of a national character, and to sponsor candidates for Presidential, Parliamentary or Local Government elections.

(2) The internal organisation of a political party shall conform to democratic principles, and its aims, objectives, purposes and programmes shall not contravene, or be inconsistent with, any provisions of this Constitution.

(3) A statement of the sources of income and the audited accounts of a political party, together with a statement of its assets and liabilities, shall be submitted annually to the Political Parties Registration Commission, but no such account shall be audited by a member of the political party whose account is submitted.

(4) No political party shall have as a leader a person who is not qualified to be elected as a Member of Parliament.

(5) No association, by whatever name called, shall be registered or be allowed to operate or to function as a political party if the Political Parties Registration Commission is satisfied that -

(a) membership or leadership of the party is restricted to members of any particular tribal or ethnic group or religious faith; or

(b) the name, symbol, colour or motto of the party has exclusive or particular significance or connotation to members of any particular tribal or ethnic group or religious faith, or

(c) the party is formed for the sole purpose of securing or advancing the interests and welfare of a particular tribal or ethnic group, community, geographical area or religious faith; or

(d) the party does not have a registered office in each of the Provincial Headquarter towns and the Western Area.

(6) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, and in furtherance of the provisions of this section, Parliament may make laws regulating the registration, functions and operation of political parties.

(7) Any association aggrieved by a decision of the Political parties Registration Commission under this section may appeal to the Supreme Court and the decision of the Court stead be final.

(8) For the purposes of this section the expression -

"association" includes any body of persons, corporate or incorporate, who agree to act together for any common purpose, or an association formed for any ethnic, social, cultural, occupational or religious purpose; and

"political party" means any association registered as a political party as prescribed by subsection (5).

36. Secret ballot.

At any public elections or referenda voting shall be by secret ballot.

37. Referendum.

(1) In any referendum held pursuant to an Act of Parliament, every person who is entitled to vote in elections of Members of parliament shall be entitled to vote at such referendum and no other person may so vote; and the issue in the referendum shall not be regarded as having been approved at that referendum unless it was so approved by the votes of not less than one-half of all such persons or by not less than two-thirds of all the valid votes cast.

(2) The conduct of any referendum for the purposes of subsection (1) shall be under the general supervision of the Electoral Commission and the previsions of Section 38 of this Constitution shall apply in relation to the exorcise by the Electoral Commission of its functions with respect to a referendum as they apply in relation to the exercise of its functions with respect to elections of Members of Parliament.

(3) A Bill for an Act of Parliament under this Section shall not be submitted to the President for his assent unless it is accompanied by a certificate under the hand of the Speaker (or if the Speaker is for any reason unable to exercise the functions of his office, the Deputy Speaker) that the provisions of subsections (1), (2) and (3) of section 106 and, where appropriate, the provisions of subsections (1) and (2) have been complied with.

38. Constituencies and elections.

(1) Sierra Leone shall be divided into such constituencies for the purpose of electing the Members of Parliament referred to in paragraph (b) of subsection (1) of section 74 of this Constitution as the Electoral Commission, acting with the approval of Parliament signified by resolution of Parliament, may prescribe.

(2) Every constituency established under this section shall return one Member of Parliament.

(3) The boundaries of each constituency shall be such that the number of inhabitants thereof is as nearly equal to the population quota as is reasonably practicable:

Provided that the number of inhabitants of such a constituency may be greater or less than the population quota in order to take account of means of communications, geographical features, density of population, the distribution of different communities, the areas and boundaries of the Chiefdoms and other administrative or traditional areas.

(4) The Electoral Commission shall review the division of Sierra Leone into constituencies at intervals of not less than five and not more than seven years, and may after the constituencies in accordance with the provisions of this section to such extent as it may consider desirable in the light of the review:

Provided that the Commission may at any time carry out such a review and alter the constituencies in accordance with the provisions of this section to such extent as it considers necessary in consequence of any alteration in the number of Members of Parliament referred to in paragraph (b) of subsection (1) of section 74 by reason of the holding of a census of the population of Sierra Leone in pursuance of an Act of Parliament.

(5) Where the boundaries of any constituency are altered in accordance with the provisions of this section, that alteration shall come into effect upon the next dissolution of Parliament after the alteration has been approved by Parliament.

(6) In this section "population quota" means the number obtained by dividing the number of inhabitants of Sierra Leone by the number of constituencies into which Sierra Leone is divided under this section.

(7) For the purposes of this section the number of inhabitants of Sierra Leone shall be ascertained by reference to the latest census of the population of Sierra Leone held in pursuance of an Act of Parliament or if no census has been so held, by reference to any available information, which in the opinion of the Electoral Commission best indicates the number of those inhabitants.

(8) The registration of voters and the conduct of elections in every constituency shall be subject to the direction and supervision of the Electoral Commission, and it shall cause the register of voters to be revised and reviewed at least once in every three years.

39. Filling of vacancies.

(1) When the seat of and member of Parliament becomes vacant, the vacancy shall be filled by election, not later than six months after the vacancy occurs, in accordance with the provisions of law relating to such election:

Provided that if Parliament is dissolved before such election is due to be held, the vacancy shall be filled at the general election.

(2) The Proclamation appointing a date for the holding of an election to fill a vacancy shall be published in the Gazette not less than twenty-one days before the date appointed for holding the election.

CHAPTER V - THE EXECUTIVE

PART I - THE PRESIDENT

40. Office of President.

(1) There shall be a President of the Republic of Sierra Leone who shall be Head of State, the supreme executive authority of the Republic and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces.

(2) The President shall be the Fountain of Honour and Justice and the symbol of national unity and sovereignty.

(3) The President shall be the guardian of the Constitution and the guarantor of national independence and territorial integrity, and shall ensure respect for treaties and international agreements.

(4) Notwithstanding any provisions of this Constitution or any other law to the contrary, the President shall, without prejudice to any such law as may for the time being be adopted by Parliament, be responsible, in addition to the functions conferred upon him in the Constitution, for -

(a) all constitutional matters concerning legislation;

(b) relations with Foreign States;

(c) the reception of envoys accredited to Sierra Leone and the appointment of principal representatives of Sierra Leone abroad;

(d) the execution of treaties, agreements or conventions in the name of Sierra Leone;

(e) the exercise of the Prerogative of Mercy;

(f) the grant of Honours and Awards;

(g) the declaration of war; and

(h) such other matters as may be referred to the President by Parliament:

Provided that an Treaty, Agreement or Convention executed by or under the authority of the President which relates to any matter within the legislative competence of Parliament or which in any way alters the law of Sierra Leone or imposes any charge on, or authorises any expenditure out of, the Consolidated Fund or any other fund of Sierra Leone, and any declaration of war made by the President shall be subject to ratification by Parliament -

(i) by an enactment of Parliament; or

(ii) by a resolution supported by the votes of not less than one-half of the Members of Parliament.

41. Qualifications for Office of President.

No person shall be qualified for election as President unless he -

(a) is a citizen of Sierra Leone;

(b) is a member of a political party;

(c) has attained the age of forty years; and

(d) is otherwise qualified to be elected as a Member of Parliament.

42. Election of President.

(1) A Presidential candidate shall be nominated by a political party.

(2) The following provisions shall apply to an election to the office of President -

(a) all persons registered in Sierra Leone as voters for the purposes of election to Parliament shall be entitled to vote in the election;

(b) the poll shall be taken by a secret ballot on such day or clays, at such time, and in such manner as may be prescribed by or under an Act of Parliament;

(c) a candidate for an election to the office of President shall be deemed to have been duly elected to such office where he is the only candidate nominated for the election after the close of nomination;

(d) where in an election to the office of President a candidate nominated for the election dies, is incapacitated or disqualified, the party which nominated him shall within seven days of such death, incapacitation or disqualification, nominate another candidate;

(e) no person shall be elected as President of Sierra Leone unless at the Presidential election he has polled not less than fifty-five per cent of the valid votes in his favour; and

(f) in default of a candidate being duly elected under paragraph (e), the two candidates with the highest number or numbers of votes shall go forward to a second election which shall be held within fourteen days of the announcement of the result of the previous election, and the candidate polling the higher number of votes cast in his favour shall be declared President.

(3) A person elected to the office of President under this section shall assume that office on the day upon which he is declared elected by the Returning Officer, or upon the date that his predecessor's term of office expires, whichever is the latter.

43. Period during which Presidential election shall take place.

A Presidential election shall take place -

(a) where the office of President is to become vacant by effluxion of time and the President continues in office after the beginning of the period of four months ending with the date when his term of office would expire by effluxion of time, during the first three months of that period;

(b) in any other case, during the period of three months beginning with the date when the office of President becomes vacant:

Provided that -

(a) where any proceedings have been lawfully commenced or taken for the purposes of the election and assumption of office of a President, it shall not be recommended or retaken whether or not a President has thereby been duly elected, by reason only that a vacancy has occurred in the office of President otherwise than by effluxion of time; and the said proceedings shall, subject to the provisions of this Constitution, be continued and completed in accordance with this Constitution and any other lax for the time being in force relating thereto, with such modification as may be necessary; and

(b) where the office of President becomes vacant during a period when Parliament is dissolved, the Presidential election shall be held and completed before the election of Members of Parliament.

44. Parliament to make laws for election of President.

Parliament shall make laws for the purpose of regulating the election of the President and ether matters connected therewith.

45. Presidential Returning Officer.

(1) The Chief Electoral Commissioner shall be the Returning Officer for the election of a President.

(2) Any question which may arise as to whether -

(a) any provision of this Constitution or any law relating to the election of a President under sections 42 and 43 of this Constitution has been complied with; or

(b) any person has been validly elected as President under section 42 of this Constitution or any other law,

shall be referred to and determined by the Supreme Court.

46. Tenure of office of President, etc.

(1) No person shall hold office as President for more than two terms of five years each whether or not the terms are consecutive.

(2) Any person who is elected President while he is, or has been elected a Member of Parliament shall, on assuming office as President, cease to be an elected Member of Parliament and his seat shall be declared vacant.

(3) The President shall not, while he continues in of ice as President, hold any other office of profit or emolument in the service of Sierra Leone or occupy any other position carrying the right to remuneration for rendering services.

(4) Second Schedule.

Upon his assumption of office, the President shall take and subscribe the oath for the due execution of his office as set out in the Second Schedule to this Constitution.

(5) The oath aforesaid shall be administered by the Chief Justice of Sierra Leone or the person for the time being appointed to exercise the functions of the Chief Justice.

47. President in Parliament.

The President shall be entitled to address Parliament in person or to send a message to Parliament to be read by his Vice-President or a Minister on his behalf.

48. Incidents of office etc.

(1) The President shall receive such salary and allowances as may be prescribed by Parliament and such salary and allowances payable to the President are hereby charged on the Consolidated Fund.

(2) The salary and allowances of the President shall not be altered to his disadvantage during his tenure of office.

(3) The President shall be exempted from personal taxation.

(4) While any person holds or performs the functions of the office of President, no civil or criminal proceedings shall be instituted or continued against him in respect of anything done or omitted to be done by him either in his official or private capacity.

(5) The President shall be entitled to such pension and retiring benefits as shall be prescribed by Parliament.

49. Vacancy in office of President.

(1) The office of President shall become vacant -

(a) on the expiration of any of the terms prescribed in subsection (1) of section 46 of this Constitution; or

(b) where the incumbent dries or resigns or retires from that office; or

(c) where the incumbent ceases to hold that office in pursuance of section 50 or 51 of this Constitution:

Provided that the President shall not resign or retire from this office even at the due expiration of his term of office while a general election of Members of Parliament is pending within the ensuing three months, or where a state of public emergency has been declared.

(2) If Sierra Leone is at war in which the national territory is physically involved, and the President considers that it is not practicable to hold elections, Parliament may by resolution extend the period of five years mentioned in sub-section (1) of section 46 but no such extension shall exceed a period of six months at any one time.

(3) Any resignation or retirement by a person from the office of President shall be in writing addressed to the Chief Justice and a copy thereof shall be sent to the Speaker and the Chief Electoral Commissioner.

(4) Whenever the President dies, resigns, retires or is removed from office as a result of paragraphs (b) and (c) of subsection (1), the Vice-President shall assume office as President for the unexpired term of the President with effect from the date of the death, resignation, retirement or removal of the President, as the case may be.

(5) The Vice-President shall, before assuming office as President in accordance with subsection (4), take and subscribe the oath for the due execution of his office as set out in the Second Schedule to this Constitution.

50. Mental or physical incapacity.

(1) Where the Cabinet has resolved that the question of the mental or physical capacity of the President to discharge the functions conferred on him by this Constitution ought to be investigated end has informed the Speaker accordingly, the Speaker shall, in consultation with the Head of the Medical Service of Sierra Leone, appoint a Board consisting of not less than five persons selected by him from among persons registered as medical practitioners under the laws of Sierra Leone.

(2) The Board appointed under subsection (1) shall enquire into the matter and make a report to the Speaker stating the opinion of the Board whether or not the President is, by reason of any infirmity of mind or body, incapable of discharging the functions conferred on the President by this Constitution.

(3) Where the Cabinet has resolved that the question of the mental or physical capacity of the President to discharge the functions conferred on him by this Constitution ought to be investigated in accordance with the provisions of subsection (1), the President shall, as soon as another person assumes the office of President, cease to perform those functions and until the Board submits its report, those functions shall be exercised in accordance with subsection (1) of section 52 of this Constitution.

(4) Where the Board reports that the President is incapable of discharging the functions conferred on him by this Constitution by reason of infirmity of mind or body, the Speaker shall certify in writing accordingly, and thereupon, the President shall cease to hold office and a vacancy shall be deemed to have occurred in the office of President and subsection (4) of section 49 of this Constitution shall apply.

(5) Upon receipt of the report of the Board referred to in subsection (4), the Speaker shall -

(a) if Parliament is then sitting or has been summoned to meet, within five days communicate the report to Parliament;

(b) if Parliament is not then sitting, (and notwithstanding that it may be prorogued), summon Parliament to meet within twenty-one days after the receipt by the Speaker of the report of the Board and communicate the report of the Board to Parliament.

(6) For the purposes of this section -

(a) the Cabinet may act notwithstanding any vacancy in its membership or the absence of any member;

(b) a Certificate by the Speaker that the President is by reason of mental or physical infirmity unable to discharge the functions of the office of President conferred on him by this Constitution shall, in respect of any period for which it is in force be conclusive and shall not be entertained or enquired into in any court.

51. Misconduct by President.

(1) If notice in writing is given to the Speaker signed by not less than one-half of all the Members of Parliament of a motion alleging that the President has committed any violation of the Constitution or any gross misconduct in the performance of the functions of his office and specifying the particulars of the allegations and proposing that a tribunal be appointed under this section to investigate those allegations, the Speaker shall -

(a) if Parliament is then sitting or has been summoned to meet within five days, cause the motion to be considered by Parliament within seven days of the receipt of the notice; or

(b) if Parliament is not then sitting, (and notwithstanding that it may be prorogued), summon Parliament to meet within twenty-one days of the receipt of the notice, and cause the motion to be considered by Parliament.

(2) Where a motion under this section is proposed for consideration by Parliament, it shall meet in secret session and shall not debate the motion, but the Speaker or the person presiding in Parliament shall forthwith cause a vote to be taken on the motion and, if the motion is supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds of all Members of Parliament, shall declare the motion to be passed.

(3) If a motion is declared to be passed under subsection (2) -

(a) the Speaker shall immediately notify the Chief Justice who shall appoint a tribunal which shall consist of a Chairman who shall be a Justice of the Supreme Court and not less than four others selected by the Chief Justice, at least two of whom shall hold or shall have held high judicial office;

(b) the Tribunal shall investigate the matter and shall within the period of three months from the date on which the motion was passed report to Parliament through the Speaker whether or not it finds the particulars of the allegation specified in the motion to have been sustained;

(c) the President shall have the right to appear and be represented before the Tribunal during its investigation of the allegations against him.

(4) If the Tribunal reports to Parliament that it finds that the particulars of any allegations against the president specified in the motion have not been substantiated, no further proceedings shall be taken under this Section in respect of that allegation.

(5) Where the Tribunal reports to Parliament that it finds that the particulars of any allegation specified in the motion have been substantiated, Parliament may, in secret session, on a motion supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds of all the Members of Parliament, resolve that the President has been guilty of such violation of the Constitution or, as the case may, such gross misconduct as is incompatible with his continuance in office as president; and where Parliament so resolves, the President shall thereupon cease to hold office and a vacancy shall then be deemed to have occurred in the office of president and subsection (4) of Section 49 of this Constitution shall apply accordingly.

52. Temporary filling of vacancy.

(1) Whenever the president is absent from Sierra Leone or is by reason of illness or any other cause unable to perform the functions conferred upon him by this Constitution, those functions shall be performed by the Vice-President.

(2) Upon assumption of office under subsection (1), the Vice-President shall not take and subscribe the oath of office of president.

PART II - EXECUTIVE POWERS

53. Exercise of executive authority in Sierra Leone.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the executive power in Sierra Leone shall vest in the president and may be exercised by him directly or through members of the Cabinet, Ministers, Deputy Ministers or public officers subordinate to him.

(2) In the exercise of his functions, the President may act in accordance with the advice of the cabinet or a Minister acting under the general authority of the Cabinet except in cases where, by this Constitution or any other law, he is required to act with the approval of Parliament or in accordance with the advice of any person or authority other than the Cabinet:

Provided that the President shall always act in accordance with his deliberate judgement in signifying his approval for the purpose of an appointment to an office on his personal staff.

(3) Where by this Constitution or under any other law the President is required to act in accordance with the advice of any person or authority, the question whether he has in any case received or acted in accordance with such advice shall not be inquired into in any court.

(4) The reference in subsection (1) to the functions of the President shall be construed as reference to his powers and duties in the exercise of the executive authority of Sierra Leone and to any other powers and duties conferred or imposed on him as President by or under this Constitution or any other law.

(5) Nothing in this section shall prevent Parliament from conferring functions on persons or authorities other than the President.

54. Vice-President.

(1) There shall be a Vice-President of the Republic of Sierra Leone who shall be the Principal Assistant to the President in the discharge of his executive functions.

(2) A person -

(a) shall be designated a candidate for the office of Vice-President by a Presidential candidate before a Presidential election;

(b) shall not be qualified to be a candidate for the office of Vice-President unless he has the qualifications specified in section 41.

(3) A candidate shall be deemed to be duly elected as Vice-President if the candidate who designated him as candidate for election to the office of Vice President has been duly elected as President in accordance with the provisions of section 42.

(4) The Vice-President shall, before entering upon the duties of his office, take and subscribe the oath of Vice-President as set out in the Third Schedule of this Constitution.

(5) Whenever the office of the Vice-President is vacant, or the Vice-President dies, resigns, retires or is removed from office, the President shall appoint a person qualified to be elected as a Member of Parliament to the office of Vice-President with effect from the date of such vacancy, death, resignation, retirement or removal.

(6) Whenever the President and Vice-President are both for any reason unable to perform the functions of the President, the Speaker of Parliament shall perform those functions until the President or Vice-President is able to perform those functions, and shall take and subscribe the oath of office as set out in the Second Schedule before commencing to perform those functions.

(7) Where the Speaker of Parliament assumes the office of President as a result of the death, resignation or removal from office of the President and Vice-President, there shall be a Presidential election within ninety days of that assumption of office.

(8) The provisions of sections 50 and 51 of this Constitution, relating to the removal from office of the President, shall apply to the removal from office of the Vice-President.

55. Vacancy in the office of Vice-President.

The office of the Vice-President shall became vacant -

(a) on the expiration of the term of office of the President; or

(b) if the Vice-President resigns or retires from office or dies; or

(c) if the Vice-President is removed from office in accordance with the provisions of section 50 or 51 of this Constitution; of

(d) upon the assumption by the Vice-President to the office of President under subsection (4) of section 49.

56. Ministers and Deputy Ministers of Government.

(1) There shall be, in addition to the office of Vice-President, such other offices of Ministers and Deputy Ministers as may be established by the President:

Provided that no Member of Parliament shall be appointed a Minister or Deputy Minister.

(2) A person shall not be appointed a Minister or Deputy Minister unless -

(a) he is qualified to be elected as a Member of Parliament; and

(b) he has not contested and lost as a candidate in the general election immediately preceding his nomination for appointment; and

(c) his nomination is approved by Parliament.

(3) A Minister or a Deputy Minister shall not, while he continues in office, hold any other office of profit or emolument whether by way of allowances or otherwise, whether private or public, and either directly or indirectly:

Provided that the Vice-President, the Ministers and the Deputy Ministers shall be entitled to such remuneration allowances, gratuities pensions, and other incidents of office as may he prescribed by Parliament.

(4) Subject to the provisions of section 53 of this Constitution, the Ministers and Deputy Ministers shall hold office at the President's discretion.

(5) Subject to the provisions of subsection (6), the Vice-President and the other Ministers under the direction of the President shall be responsible for such departments of State or other business of the Government as the President may assign to them.

(6) No withstanding the provisions of subsection (5), the President shall be responsible for such departments of State, including the Commissions established under this Constitution, as he may determine.

57. Oaths to be taken by Ministers, etc.

A Minister or a Deputy Minister shall not enter upon the duties of his office unless he has taken and subscribed the oath for the due execution of his duties as set out in the Third Schedule.

58. Ministerial vacancies.

(1) The office of a Minister or a Deputy Minister shall become vacant -

(a) on the expiration of the term of office of the President; or

(b) if his appointment is revoked by the President; or

(c) if he resigns or retires from office or dies; or

(d) if he is elected as Speaker or Deputy Speaker of Parliament; or

(e) upon the assumption of any other person to the office of President.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs (a) and (e) of subsection (1), Ministers and Deputy Ministers shall not vacate office as such by reason of the expiration of the term of office of the President or the assumption by the Speaker to the office of President pursuant to subsections (7) and (8) of section 54 and shall accordingly continue to perform the functions of their respective offices until the election of the new President and the Vice-President.

59. Establishment of Cabinet.

(1) There shall be a Cabinet whose functions shall be to advise the President in the government of Sierra Leone and which shall consist of the President, the Vice-President and such Ministers as the President may from time to time appoint.

(2) A person appointed as a Member or Cabinet shall vacate his seat in the Cabinet if he ceases to be a Minister or if the President so directs.

(3) The Cabinet shall determine the general policy of the Government.

(4) The President shall hold regular meetings of the Cabinet at Which he shall preside, and in his absence the Vice-President shall preside.

60. Collective responsibility.

(1) The Cabinet shall be collectively responsible to Parliament for any advice given to the President by or under the general authority of the Cabinet and for all things done by or under the authority of any Minister in the execution of his office.

(2) The provisions of this section shall not apply in relation to -

(a) the appointment and removal from office of Ministers and Deputy Ministers, or the assignment of responsibility to any Minister; or

(b) the exercise of the prerogative of mercy; or

(c) the exercise by the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice or the Director of Public Prosecutions of the powers conferred upon them under section 66.

61. Constitution of offices.

Subject to the provisions of this Constitution and of any Act of Parliament, the President may constitute offices for Sierra Leone, make appointments to any such office and terminate any such appointment.

62. Administration of ministries.

Where any Minister has been charged with responsibility for any department of Government, he shall exercise general direction and control over that department and, subject to such direction and control, the department shall be under the supervision of a permanent Secretary, whose office shall be a public office:

Provided that two or more Departments of Government may be placed under the supervision of one Permanent Secretary.

63. Prerogative of Mercy.

(1) The President may, acting in accordance with the advice of a Committee appointed by the Cabinet over which the Vice-President shall preside -

(a) grant any person convicted of any offence against the laws of Sierra Leone a pardon, either free or subject to lawful conditions;

(b) grant to any person a respite, either indefinite or for a specified period of the execution of any punishment imposed on that person for such an offence;

(c) substitute a less severe form of punishments for any punishment imposed on any person for such an offence;

(d) remit the whole or any part of any punishment imposed upon any person for such an offence or any penalty or forfeiture otherwise due to the Government on account of such an offence.

(2) Where any person has been sentenced to death by any Court for any offence, the Committee appointed under subsection (1) shall cause a written report of the case from the trial judge together with such other information, including a medical report on the prisoner, derived from the record of the case or elsewhere, as the Committee may require, to be submitted to it as soon as possible.

64. Establishment of office of Attorney-General and Minister of Justice.

(1) There shall be an Attorney-General and Minister of Justice who shall be the principal legal adviser to the Government and a Minister.

(2) The Attorney-General and Minister of Justice shall be appointed by the President from among persons qualified to hold office as a Justice of the Supreme Court and shall have a seat in the Cabinet.

(3) All offences prosecuted in the name of the Republic of Sierra Leone shall be at the suit of the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice or some other person authorised by him in accordance with any law governing the same.

(4) The Attorney-General and Minister of Justice shall have audience in all Courts in Sierra Leone except local courts.

65. Solicitor-General.

(1) There shall be a Solicitor-General, whose office shall be a public office.

(2) The Solicitor-General shall be appointed by the president on the advice of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission and he shall, before assuming the functions of his office, take and subscribe to the oath as set out in the Third Schedule to this Constitution.

(3) A person shall not be qualified to hold or act in the office of Solicitor-General unless he is qualified for appointment as a Justice of the Court of Appeal.

(4) The Solicitor-General shall be the principal assistant to the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice.

(5) The Solicitor-General shall have audience in all courts in Sierra Leone except local courts.

(6) The Solicitor-General shall in all matters or any other law be subject to the general or special direction of the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice.

(7) Subject to the provisions of this section, a person holding the office of Solicitor-General shall vacate his office when he attains the age of sixty-five years.

(8) If the office of Solicitor-General is vacant or the holder of that office is for any reason unable to perform the functions thereof, a person qualified for appointment to that office may be appointed to act therein, and any person so appointed shall, subject to the provisions of subsection (7) and subsections (9) to (12) inclusive, continue to act until a person has been appointed to and has assumed the functions of the office of Solicitor-General or until the person holding that office has resumed those functions.

(9) The Solicitor-General may be removed from office only for inability to discharge the functions of his office, (whether arising from infirmity of mind or body or any other cause), or for misbehaviour and shall not be so removed except in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(10) If the Judicial and Legal Service Commission represents to the President that the question of removing the Solicitor-General from office under subsection (9) ought to be investigated then -

(a) the President, acting in consultation with the Judicial and Legal Service Commission, shall appoint a tribunal which shall consist of a Chairman and two other members, all of whom shall be persons who hold, have held or are qualified to hold office as a Justice of the Supreme Court; and

(b) the tribunal shall enquire into the matter and report on the facts thereof and the findings thereon, and recommend to the President whether the Solicitor-General ought to be removed from office under subsection (12).

(11) Where the question of removing the Solicitor-General from office has been referred to a tribunal under subsection (10), the President may suspend the Solicitor-General from performing the functions of his office, and any such suspension may at any time be revoked by the President, and shall in any case cease to have effect if the tribunal recommends to the President that the Solicitor-General shall not be removed from office.

(12) The Solicitor-General shall be removed from office by the President if the question of his removal from office has been referred to a tribunal appointed under subsection (10) and the tribunal has recommended to the President that he ought to be removed from office for inability to discharge the functions of his office as stated in subsection (9) or for misbehaviour.

66. Director of Public Prosecutions.

(1) There shall be a Director of Public Prosecutions' whose office shall be a public office.

(2) The Director of Public Prosecutions shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission and subject to the approval of Parliament, and shall, before assuming the functions of his office, take and subscribe to the oath as set out in the third Schedule to this Constitution.

(3) A person shall not be qualified to hold or act in the office of Director of Public Prosecutions unless he is qualified for appointment as a Justice of the Court of Appeal.

(4) Subject to subsection (3) of section 64, the Director of Public Prosecutions shall have power in any case in which he considers it desirable so to do -

(a) to institute and undertake criminal proceedings against any person before any court in respect of any offence against the laws of Sierra Leone;

(b) to take over and continue any such criminal proceedings that may have been instituted by any other person or authority; and

(c) to discontinue at any stage before judgement is delivered any such criminal proceedings instituted or undertaken by himself or any other person or authority.

(5) The powers of the Director of Public Prosecutions under subsection (4) may be exercised by him in person or through other persons acting under and in accordance with his general or special instructions.

(6) The Director of Public Prosecutions shall in all matters including his powers under this Constitution or any other law be subject to the general or special direction of the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice.

(7) The powers conferred upon the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice by this section shall be vested in him to the exclusion of any other person or authority:

Provided that where any other person or authority has instituted criminal proceedings, nothing in this section shall prevent the withdrawal of those proceedings by or at the instance of that person or authority at any stage before the person against whom the proceedings have been instituted has been charged before the court.

(8) In the exercise of the powers conferred upon him by this section, the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice shall not be subject to the direction or control of any other person or authority.

(9) For the purposes of this section, any appeal from any determination in any criminal proceedings before any court, or any case stated or question of law reserved for the purposes of any such proceedings, to any other court shall be deemed to be part of those proceedings.

(10) Subject to the provisions of this section, a person holding the office of Director of Public Prosecutions shall vacate his office when he attains the age of sixty-five years.

(11) If the office of Director of Public Prosecutions is vacant or the holder of that office is for any reason unable to perform the functions thereof, a person qualified for appointment to that office may be appointed to act therein, and any person so appointed shall, subject to the provisions of subsection (10) and subsections (12) to (15) inclusive, continue to act until a person has been appointed to and has assumed the functions of the office of Director of Public Prosecutions or until the person holding that office has resumed those functions.

(12) The Director of Public Prosecutions may be removed from office only for inability to discharge the functions of his office (whether arising from infirmity of mind or body or any other cause) or for misbehaviour and shall not be so removed except in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(13) If the Judicial and Legal Service Commission represents to the President that the question of removing the Director of Public Prosecutions from office under subsection (12) ought to be investigated then -

(a) the President, acting in consultation with the Judicial and Legal Service Commission, shall appoint a tribunal which shall consist of a Chairman and two other members, all of whom shall be persons who hold, have held, or are qualified to hold office as a Justice of the Supreme Court; and

(b) the tribunal shall enquire into the matter and report on the facts thereof and the findings thereon to the President and recommend to the President whether the Director of Public Prosecutions ought be removed from office under subsection (15).

(14) Where the question of removing the Director of Public Prosecutions from office has been referred to a tribunal under subsection (10), the President may suspend the Director of Public Prosecutions from performing the functions of his office and any such suspension may at any time be revoked by the President, and Shall in any case cease to have effect if the tribunal recommends to the President that the Director of Public Prosecutions Shall not be removed from office.

(15) The Director of Public Prosecutions shall be removed from office by the President if the question of his removal from office has been referred to a tribunal appointed under subsection (13) and the tribunal has recommended to the President that he ought to be removed from office for inability as aforesaid or for misbehaviour.

67. Secretary to the President.

(1) There shall be a Secretary to the President who shall be appointed by the President at his sole discretion.

(2) The functions of the Secretary to the President shall include -

(a) acting as the principal adviser to the President on Public Service matters;

(b) the administration and management of the Office of the President, of which he shall also be Vote Controller;

(c) the performance of all other functions assigned to him from time to time by the President.

(3) The office of Secretary to the President and the offices of members of his staff shall be public offices.

(4) Before assuming the functions of his office, the Secretary to the President shall take and subscribe to the oath as set out in the Third Schedule to this Constitution.

68. Secretary to the Cabinet.

(1) There shall be a Secretary to the Cabinet who shall be the Head of the Civil Service and whose office shall be a public office.

(2) The Secretary to the Cabinet shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Public Service Commission.

(3) The functions of the Secretary to the Cabinet shall include -

(a) having charge of the Cabinet Secretariat;

(b) responsibility for arranging the business for, and keeping the minutes of, the Cabinet, and for conveying the decisions of the Cabinet to the appropriate person or authority, in accordance with such instructions as may be given to him by the President;

(c) co-ordinating and supervising the work of all administrative heads of ministries and departments in the Public Service;

(d) such other functions as the President may from time to time determine.

(4) The Secretary to the Cabinet shall not assume the duties of his office unless he has taken and subscribed to the oath as set out in the Third Schedule to this Constitution.

69. Secretary to the Vice-President.

(1) There shall be a Secretary to the Vice-President whose office shall be a public office.

(2) The Secretary to the Vice-President shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Public Service Commission and shall, before assuming the functions of his office, take and subscribe to the oath as set out in the Third Schedule to this Constitution.

70. Power of appointment vested in the President.

The President may appoint, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution or any other law the following persons -

(a) the Chief Justice;

(b) any Justice of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeal, or Judge of the High Court;

(c) the Auditor-General;

(d) the sole Commissioner or the Chairman and other Members of any Commission established by this Constitution;

(e) the Chairman and other Members of the governing body of any corporation established by an Act of Parliament, a statutory instrument, or out of public funds, subject to the approval of Parliament.

71. Other statutory appointments.

Notwithstanding the provisions of section 152 of this Constitution and save as otherwise provided in this Constitution, the President shall, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution or any other law, appoint -

(a) to any office to which section 141 (which relates to the offices within the jurisdiction of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission) applies;

(b) to any office to which sections 153 and 154, which relate to certain offices abroad and the offices of Permanent Secretaries respectively, apply;

(c) the Governor and the other members of the governing body of any State Bank, Banking or Financial Institutions.

72. Office of Paramount Chief.

(1) The institution of Chieftaincy as established by customary law and usage and its non-abolition by legislation is hereby guaranteed and preserved.

(2) Without derogating from the generality of the provisions of subsection (1), no provision of law in so far as it provides for the abolition of the office of Paramount Chief as existing by customary law and usage immediately before the entry into force of this Constitution, shall have effect unless it is included in an Act of Parliament and the provisions of Section 108 shall apply in relation to the Bill for such an Act as they apply in relation to the Bill for an Act of Parliament that alters any of the provisions of this Constitution that are referred to in subsection (3) of that section.

(3) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with, or in contravention of, the provisions of subsection (1) to the extent that the law in question makes provision for the determination, in accordance with appropriate customary law and usage, of the validity of the nomination, election, unseating or replacement of any Paramount Chief, or the question of restraining in any way the exercise of any rights, duties, privileges or functions conferred upon, or enjoyed by him, by virtue of his office or the installation or deposition of a person as a Paramount Chief.

(4) A Paramount Chief may be removed from office by the President for any gross misconduct in the performance of the functions of his office if after a public inquiry conducted under the Chairmanship of a Judge of the High Court or a Justice of Appeal or a Justice of the Supreme Court, the Commission of Inquiry makes an adverse finding against the Paramount Chief, and the President is of the opinion that it is in the public interest that the Paramount Chief should be removed.

(5) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution and in furtherance of the provisions of this section, Parliament shall make laws for the qualifications, election, powers, functions, removal and other matters connected with Chieftaincy.

CHAPTER VI - THE LEGISLATURE

PART I - COMPOSITION OF PARLIAMENT

73. Establishment of Parliament.

(1) There shall be a legislature of Sierra Leone which shall be known as Parliament, and shall consist of the President, the Speaker and Members of parliament.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the legislative power of Sierra Leone is vested in Parliament.

(3) Parliament may make laws for the peace, security order and good government of Sierra Leone.

74. Members of Parliament.

(1) Members of Parliament shall comprise the following -

(a) one Member of Parliament for each District who shall, subject to the provisions of this Constitution, be elected in such manner as may be prescribed by or under any law from among the persons who, under any law, are for the time being Paramount Chiefs; and

(b) such number of Members as Parliament may prescribe who, subject to the provisions of this Constitution, shall be elected in such manner as may be prescribed by or under any law.

(2) The number of Members of Parliament to be elected pursuant to paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (1) shall not together be less than sixty.

(3) In any election of Members of Parliament the votes of the erectors shall be given by ballot in such manner as not to disclose how any particular elector votes.

(4) Members of Parliament shall be entitled to such salaries, allowances, gratuities, pensions and such other benefits as may be prescribed by Parliament.

75. Qualifications for membership of Parliament.

Subject to the provisions of section 76, any person who -

(a) is a citizen of Sierra Leone (otherwise than by naturalization); and

(b) has attained the age of twenty-one years, and

(c) is an elector whose name is on a register of electors under the Franchise and Electoral Registration Act, 1961 (Act No. 44 of 1961.), or under any Act of Parliament amending or replacing that Act; and

(d) is able to speak and to read the English Language with a degree of proficiency sufficient to enable him to take an active part in the proceedings of Parliament,

shall be qualified for election as such a Member of Parliament:

Provided that a person who becomes a citizen of Sierra Leone by registration by law shall not be qualified for election as such a Member of Parliament or of any Local Authority unless he shall have resided continuously in Sierra Leone for twenty-five years after such registration or shall have served in the Civil or Regular Armed Services of Sierra Leone for a continuous period of twenty-five years.

76. Disqualifications for membership of Parliament.

(1) No person shall be qualified for election as a Member of Parliament -

(a) if he is a naturalised citizen of Sierra Leone or is a citizen of a country other than Sierra Leone having become such a citizen voluntarily or is under a declaration of allegiance to such a country; or

(b) if he is a member of any Commission established under this Constitution, or a member of the Armed Forces of the Republic, or a public officer, or an employee of a Public Corporation established by an Act of Parliament, or has been such a member, officer or employee within twelve months prior to the date on which he seeks to be elected to Parliament; or

(c) if under any law in force in Sierra Leone he is adjudged to be a lunatic or otherwise declared to be of unsound mind; or

(d) if he has been convicted and sentenced for an offence which involves fraud or dishonesty; or

(e) if he is under a sentence of death imposed on him by any court; or

(f) if in the case of the election of such member as is referred to in paragraph (b) of subsection (1) of section 74, he is for the time being a Paramount Chief under any law; or

(g) if being a person possessed of professional qualifications, he is disqualified (otherwise than at his own request) from practising his profession in Sierra Leone by order of any competent authority made in respect of him personally within the immediately preceding five years of an election held in pursuance of section 87; or

(h) if he is for the time being the President, the Vice-President, a Minister or a Deputy Minister under the provisions of this Constitution.

(2) A person shall not be qualified for election to Parliament if he is convicted by any court of any offence connected with the election of Members of Parliament:

Provided that in any such case the period of disqualification shall not exceed a period of five years from the date of the general election following the one for which he was disqualified.

(3) Any person who is the holder of any office the functions of which involve responsibility for, or in connection with, the conduct of any election to Parliament or the compilation of any register of voters for the purposes of such an election shall not be qualified for election to Parliament.

(4) (Act No. 20 of 1973 - Cap. 61, Cap. 75, Cap. 76, Cap. 79, Cap. 80, Cap. 295.) A person shall not be disqualified for election as a Member of Parliament under paragraph (b) of subsection (1) by reason only that he holds the office of member of a Chiefdom Council, member of a Local Court or member of any body corporate of established by or under any of the following laws, that is to say, the Freetown Municipality Act, the Chiefdom Councils Act, the Rural Area Act, the District Councils Act, the Sherbro Urban District Council Act, the Bo Town Council Act, and the Townships Act or any law amending or replacing any of those laws.

(5) Save as otherwise provided by Parliament, a person shall not be disqualified from being a Member of Parliament by reason only that he holds office as a member of a Statutory Corporation.

77. Tenure of seats of Members of Parliament.

(1) A Member of Parliament shall vacate his seat in Parliament -

(a) on the dissolution of Parliament next following his election; or

(b) if he is elected Speaker of Parliament; or

(c) if any other circumstances arise that if he were not a Member of Parliament would cause him to be disqualified for election as such under section 76; or

(d) if he ceases to be a citizen of Sierra Leone; or

(e) if he is absent from sittings of Parliament for such period and in such circumstances as may be prescribed in the rules of procedure of Parliament; or

(f) if in the case of such a Member as is referred to in paragraph (b) of subsection (1) of section 74, he becomes a Paramount Chief under any law, or

(g) if he ceases to be qualified under any law to be registered as an elector for election of Members to Parliament; or

(h) if he is adjudged to be a lunatic or declared to be of unsound mind or sentenced to death; or

(i) if he is adjudged or otherwise declared a bankrupt under any law and has not been discharged; or

(j) if he resigns from office as a Member of Parliament by writing under his hand addressed to the Speaker, or if the Office of Speaker is vacant or the Speaker is absent from Sierra Leone, to the Deputy Speaker; or

(k) if he ceases to be a member of the political party of which he was a member at the time of his election to Parliament and he so informs the Speaker, or the Speaker is so informed by the Leader of that political party; or

(l) if by his conduce in Parliament by sitting and voting with members of a different party, the Speaker is satisfied after consultation with the Leader of that Member's party that the Member is no longer a member of the political party under whose symbol he was elected to Parliament; or

(m) if, being elected to Parliament as an independent candidate, he joins a political party in Parliament; or

(n) if he accepts office as Ambassador or High Commissioner for Sierra Leone or any position with an International or Regional Organization.

(2) Any member of Parliament who has been adjudged to be a lunatic, declared to be of unsound mind, or sentenced to death or imprisonment, may appeal against the decision in accordance with any law provided that the decision shall not have effect until the matter has been finally determined.

78. Determination of question as to membership of Parliament.

(1) The High Court shall have jurisdiction to hear and determine any question whether -

(a) any person has been validly elected as a Member of Parliament; and

(b) the seat of a Member of Parliament has become vacant.

(2) The High Court to which any question is brought under subsection (1) shall determine the said question and give judgement thereon within four months after the commencement of the proceedings before that Court.

(3) An appeal shall lie to the Court of Appeal from the decision of the High Court on any matter determined pursuant to subsection (1), save that no appeal shall lie in respect of any interlocutory decisions of the High Court in such proceedings.

(4) The Court of Appeal before which an appeal is brought pursuant to subsection (3) shall determine the appeal and give judgement thereon within four months after the appeal was filed.

(5) The decision of the Court of Appeal on any matter pursuant to subsection (3) shall be final and not be inquired into by any Court.

(6) For the purpose of this section Parliament may make provision, or may authorise the making of provisions with respect to the practice and procedure of the High Court or the Court of Appeal, and may confer upon such Courts such powers or may authorise the conferment thereon of such powers as may appear to be necessary or desirable for the purpose of enabling the said Courts effectively to exercise the jurisdiction conferred upon them by this section or by any law relating to the hearing of appeals from the High Court.

79. The Speaker.

(1) The Sneaker of Parliament shall be elected by the Members of Parliament from among persons who are Members of Parliament or are qualified to be elected as such and who are qualified to be appointed Judges of the Superior Court of Judicature or have held such office:

Provided that a person shall be eligible for election as Speaker of Parliament notwithstanding that such person is a Public Offices or a Judge of the High Court, a Justice of the Court of Appeal or a Justice of the Supreme Court, and such person, if elected, shall retire from the Public Service on the day of his election with full benefits.

(2) The Speaker shall be elected by a resolution in favour of which there are cast the votes of not less than two-thirds of the Members of Parliament provided that if three successive resolutions proposing the election of a Speaker fail to receive the votes of two-thirds of the Members of Parliament, the Speaker shall be elected by a resolution passed by a simple majority of all the Members of Parliament.

(3) No person shall be elected as Speaker -

(a) if he is a member of the Armed Forces; or

(b) if he is a Minister or a Deputy Minister.

(4) The Speaker shall vacate his office -

(a) if he becomes a Minister or a Deputy Minister; or

(b) if any circumstances arise that, if he were not the Speaker, would disqualify him from election as Speaker; or

(c) when Parliament first meets after any dissolution; or

(d) if he is removed from office by a resolution of Parliament supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds of the Members of Parliament.

(5) No business shall be transacted in Parliament (other than an election to the office of Speaker) at any time if the office of Speaker is vacant.

(6) Any person elected to the office of Speaker who is not a Member of Parliament shall before entering upon the duties of his office, take and subscribe before Parliament the oath as set out in the Third Schedule in this Constitution.

(7) The Speaker, or in his absence the Deputy Speaker, shall preside over all sittings of Parliament, except when the President is present.

80. Deputy Speaker.

(1) There shall be a Deputy Speaker who shall be elected by the Members of Parliament.

(2) No person shall be elected as Deputy Speaker unless be is a Member of Parliament.

(3) The Members of Parliament shall elect a person to the office of Deputy Speaker -

(a) at the first sitting of Parliament in every session; or

(b) at the first sitting of Parliament after the occurrence of a vacancy in the office of Deputy Speaker,

or so soon thereafter as may be convenient.

(4) The Deputy Speaker shall vacate his office -

(a) if he ceases to be a Member of Parliament; or

(b) if he is removed from office by a resolution of Parliament.

(5) If the Speaker is absent from Sierra Leone or otherwise unable to perform any of the functions conferred upon him by this Constitution those functions may be performed by the Deputy Speaker.

81. Election of Speaker and Deputy Speaker.

On any resolution for the election or removal of a Speaker or Deputy Sneaker, the votes of the Members of Parliament shall be given by ballot in such manner as not to disclose how any particular member votes.

82. Clerk of Parliament.

(1) There shall be a Cleric of Parliament who shall be appointed by the President acting in consultation with the Public Service Commission, and shall be responsible for the administration of Parliament.

(2) The office of the Clerk of Parliament and the offices of the members of his staff shall be public offices.

83. Oath to be taken by Members of Parliament.

Every Member of Parliament shall, before taking his seat in Parliament, take and subscribe before Parliament the oath as set out in the Third Schedule, but a Member may, before taking that oath, take part in the election of a Speaker.

PART II - SUMMONING, PROROGATION AND DISSOLUTION

84. Sessions of Parliament.

(1) Each session of Parliament shall be held at such place within Sierra Leone and shall commence at such time as the President may by Proclamation appoint.

(2) There shall be a session of Parliament at least once in every year, so that a period of twelve months shall not intervene between the last sitting of Parliament in one session and the first sitting thereof in the next session:

Provided that there shall be a session of Parliament not later than twenty-eight days from the holding of a general election of Members of Parliament.

(3) The President shall at the beginning of each session of Parliament present to Parliament an address on the state of the nation.

85. Life of Parliament.

(1) Parliament shall stand dissolved at the expiration of a period of five years commencing from the date of its first sitting after a general election.

(2) If there is in existence a state of public emergency in accordance with section 29 of this Constitution and the President considers it not practicable to hold elections, Parliament may, by resolution, extend the period of five years mentioned in subsection (1) from time to time but not beyond a period of six months at any one time.

86. Sittings of Parliament.

(1) The President may at any time summon a meeting of Parliament.

(2) Notwithstanding the provision of subsection (1), at least twenty per centum of all the Members of Parliament may request a meeting of Parliament and the Speaker shall, within fourteen days after the receipt of that request, summon a meeting of Parliament.

(3) Subject to the provisions of subsection (1) and of Sections 29 and 84 of this Constitution, sittings of Parliament in any session after the commencement of that session shall be held at such times and on such days as Parliament shall appoint.

(4) Parliament shall sit for a period of not less than one hundred and twenty days in each year.

87. General Election.

(1) A general election of the Members of Parliament shall be held not earlier than thirty days and not later than ninety days after any dissolution of Parliament:

Provided that nominations for such elections shall in no case be closed within fourteen days after dissolution.

(2) It, when Parliament has been dissolved, the President considers that owing to the existence of a state of public emergency it would not be practicable to hold a general election within ninety days after the dissolution, the President may by Proclamation recall the Parliament that has been dissolved and the following provisions shall then have effect -

(a) the Parliament shall meet at such date, not later than fourteen days after the date of the Proclamation, as may be specified therein;

(b) the President shall, subject to the provisions of subsection (16) of section 29, cause to be introduced in Parliament as soon as it meets, a resolution declaring that a state of Public Emergency exists and subject as aforesaid, no other business shall be transacted in Parliament until that resolution has been passed or defeated;

(c) if the resolution is passed by Parliament with the support of the votes of not less than two-shirts of the Members thereof, a general election shall be held on the last day of the period of six months beginning with the date of the original dissolution of the Parliament which has been recalled or such earlier date as the President shall appoint, and the Parliament that has been recalled shall be deemed to be the Parliament for the time being and may meet and be kept in session accordingly until the date fixed for nomination of candidates in that general election, and unless previously dissolved, shall then stand dissolved;

(d) if the resolution is defeated, or is passed with the support of the votes of less than two-thirds of the Members of Parliament or has not been put to the vote within five days after it has been introduced, the Parliament that has been recalled shall then be again dissolved and a general election shall be held not later than the ninetieth day after the date of the Proclamation by which the Parliament was so recalled or such earlier date as the President may by Proclamation appoint.

(3) When Parliament is recalled under this section after having been dissolved -

(a) the session of that Parliament held next before that dissolution; and

(b) the session or sessions of that Parliament held between the date of its first sitting and of the next dissolution thereafter,

shall be deemed together to form one session.

PART III - PROCEDURE OF PARLIAMENT

88. Presiding in Parliament.

There shall preside at any sitting of Parliament -

(a) the Speaker; or

(b) in the absence of the Speaker, the Deputy Speaker; or

(c) in the absence of the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker, such Member of Parliament as may be elected for that purpose:

Provided that when the President addresses Parliament or attends in person, the Speaker shall leave his chair and no other person shall preside during such address or attendance.

89. Quorum in Parliament.

If objection is taken by any Member of Parliament that there are present in Parliament (besides the person presiding) less than one-fourth of all the Members of Parliament and the person presiding shall be so satisfied he shall thereupon adjourn Parliament.

90. Use of English in Parliament.

The business of Parliament shall be conducted in the English Language.

91. Voting in Parliament.

(1) Except as otherwise provided in this Constitution, any question proposed for decision in Parliament shall be determined by a majority of the votes of the Members present and voting.

(2) The person presiding in Parliament may cast a vote whenever necessary to avoid an equality of votes but shall not vote in any other case; if the person presiding does not exercise his casting vote the question proposed for discussion in Parliament shall be deemed to be rejected.

(3) The rules of procedure of Parliament may provide that the vote of a Member upon a question in which he has a direct pecuniary interest shall be disallowed and if any such provision is made a Member whose vote is disallowed in accordance therewith shall be deemed not to have voted.

92. Unqualified persons sitting or voting.

Any person who sits or votes in Parliament knowing or having reasonable ground for knowing that he is not entitled to do so shall be liable to a penalty not exceeding one thousand leones or such other sum as may be prescribed by Parliament for each day in which he so sits or votes in Parliament, which shall be recoverable by action in the High Court at the suit of the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice.

93. Committees of Parliament.

(1) At the beginning of each session of Parliament, but in any case not later than twenty-one days thereafter, there shall be appointed from among its members the following Standing Committees, that is to say -

(a) the Legislative Committee;

(b) the Finance Committee;

(c) the Committee on Appointments and Public Service;

(d) the Foreign Affairs and International Co-operation Committee;

(e) the Public Accounts Committee;

(f) the Committee of Privileges;

(g) the Standing Orders Committee;

(h) such other Committees of Parliament as the rules of procedure of Parliament shall provide.

(2) In addition to the Committees referred to in subsection (1), Parliament shall appoint other Committees which shall perform the functions specified in subsection (3).

(3) It shall be the duty of any such Committee as is referred to in subsection (2) to investigate or inquire into the activities or administration of such Ministries or Departments as may be assigned to it, and such investigation or inquiry may extend to proposals for legislation.

(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in subsections (1) and (2), Parliament may at any time appoint any other Committee to investigate an, matter of public importance.

(5) The composition of each of the Committees appointed under subsections (1), (2) and (4) shall, as much as possible, reflect the strength of the political parties and Independent Members in Parliament.

(6) For the purposes of effectively performing its functions, each of the Committees shall have all such powers, rights and privileges as are vested in the High Court at a trial in respect of -

(a) enforcing the attendance of witnesses and examining them on oath, affirmation or otherwise;

(b) compelling the production of documents; and

(c) the issue of a commission or request to examine witnesses abroad.

94. Regulation of procedure in Parliament.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, Parliament may regulate its own procedure, and may in particular make amend and revoke Standing Orders for the orderly conduct of its own proceedings.

(2) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Constitution or in any other law contained, no decision, order or direction of Parliament or any of its Committees or the Speaker, relating to the rules of procedure of Parliament, or to the application or interpretation of such rules, or any act done or purporting to have been done by Parliament or by the Sneaker under any rules of procedure, shall be inquired into by any court.

(3) Parliament may act notwithstanding any vacancy in its membership (including any vacancy not filled when Parliament first meets after the entry into force of this Constitution or after any dissolution of Parliament) and the presence or participation of any person not entitled to be present at or to participate in the proceeding of Parliament shall not invalidate those proceedings.

(4) Parliament may, for the purpose of the orderly and effective discharge of its business, make provision for the powers, privileges and immunities of Parliament, its Committees and the Members thereof.

95. Contempt of Parliament.

Any act or omission which obstructs or impedes Parliament in the performance of its functions, or which obstructs or impedes any Member or officer thereof in the discharge of his duties or affronts the dignity of Parliament, or which tends either directly or indirectly to produce such a result shall be a contempt of Parliament.

96. Criminal Proceedings.

Where an act or omission which constitutes contempt of Parliament is an offence under the criminal law, the exercise by Parliament of the power to punish for contempt shall not be a bar to the institution of proceedings under the criminal law.

PART IV - RESPONSIBILITIES, PRIVILEGES AND IMMUNITIES

97. Responsibilities of Members of Parliament.

The responsibilities of the Members of Parliament shall include the following -

(a) All members of Parliament shall maintain the dignity and image of Parliament both during the sittings in Parliament as well as in their acts and activities outside Parliament;

(b) All Members of Parliament shall regard themselves as representatives of the people of Sierra Leone and desist from any conduct by which they seek improperly to enrich themselves or alienate themselves from the people.

98. Freedom of Speech and debate.

There shall be freedom of speech, debate and proceedings in Parliament and that freedom shall not be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of Parliament.

99. Parliamentary privilege.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this section. but without prejudice to the generality of section 97, no civil or criminal proceedings shall be instituted against a Member of Parliament in any court or place out of Parliament by reason of anything said by him in Parliament.

(2) Whenever in the opinion of the Person presiding in Parliament a statement made by a Member is prima facie defamatory of any person, the person presiding shall refer the matter for inquiry to the Committee of Privileges which shall report its findings to Parliament not later than thirty days of the matter being so referred.

(3) Where the Committee of Privileges reports to Parliament that the statement made by the Member is defamatory of any person, the Member who made the statement shall, within seven days of that report, render an apology at the bar of Parliament, the terms of which shall be approved by the Committee of Privileges and communicated to the person who has been defamed.

(4) Where a Member refuses to render an apology pursuant to the provisions of subsection (3), the Speaker shall suspend that Member for the duration of the session of Parliament in which the defamatory statement was made and a Member so suspended shall lose his Parliamentary privileges, immunities and remuneration which shall be restored to him if at any time before the end of the session he renders the apology as required under the provisions of subsection (3).

(5) Any person who may have made a contemporaneous report of the proceedings in Parliament including a statement which has been the subject of an inquiry pursuant to the provisions of subsection (2) shall publish the apology referred to in subsection (3) or the suspension or the apology referred to in subsection (4) with the same prominence as he published the first report; and if any such person fails to publish that apology he shall not be protected by privilege.

100. Immunity from service of process and arrest.

No civil or criminal process issuing from any court or place out of Parliament shall be served on or executed in relation to the Speaker or a Member or the Clerk of Parliament while he is on his way to attending or returning from any proceedings of Parliament.

101. Immunity from witness summons.

(1) Neither the Speaker nor any Member of, nor the Clerk of, Parliament shall be compelled, while attending Parliament, to appear as a witness in any court or place out of Parliament.

(2) The certificate of the Speaker that a Member or the Clerk is attending the proceedings of Parliament shall be conclusive evidence of attendance at Parliament.

102. Immunity from serving as juryman.

Neither the Speaker nor any Member of, nor the Clerk of, Parliament shall be required to serve on a jury in any court or place out of Parliament.

103. Immunity for publication of proceedings.

Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, no person shall be under any civil or criminal liability in respect of the publication of -

(a) the text or a summary of any report, papers, minutes, votes or proceedings of Parliament; or

(b) a contemporaneous report of the proceedings of Parliament,

unless it is shown that the publication was effected maliciously or otherwise in want of good faith.

104. Privileges of witness.

(1) Every person summoned to attend to give evidence or to produce any paper, book, record or other document before Parliament shall be entitled, in respect of his evidence, or the production of such document, to the same privileges as if he were appearing before a Court.

(2) No public officer shall be required to produce before Parliament any document if the Speaker certifies that -

(a) the document belongs to a class of documents which will be injurious to the public interest or prejudicial to the security of the State to produce; or

(b) disclosure of the contents thereof will be injurious to the public interest or prejudicial to the security of the State.

(3) Where there is a doubt as to whether any document as is referred to in subsection (2) is injurious to the public interest or prejudicial to the security of the State, the Speaker shall refer the matter to the Supreme Court to determine whether the production or the disclosure of the contents of any such document would be injurious to the public interest or prejudicial to the security of the State.

(4) An answer by a person to a question put by Parliament shall not be admissible in evidence against him in any civil or criminal proceedings out of parliament, not being proceedings for perjury brought under the criminal law.

PART V - LEGISLATION AND PROCEDURE IN PARLIAMENT

105. Power to make laws.

Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, Parliament shall be the supreme legislative authority for Sierra Leone.

106. Mode of exercising legislative power.

(1) The power of Parliament to make laws shall be exercised by Bills passed by Parliament and signed by the President.

(2) Subject to the provisions of subsection (8), a Bill shall not become law unless it has been duly passed and signed in accordance with this Constitution.

(3) An Act signed by the President shall come into operation on the date of its publication in the Gazette or such other date as may be prescribed therein or in any other enactment.

(4) When a Bill which has been duly passed and is signed by the President in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution it shall become law and the President shall thereupon cause it to be published in the Gazette as law.

(5) No law made by Parliament shall come into operation until it has been published in the Gazette, but Parliament may post-one the coming into operation of any such law and may make laws with retroactive effect.

(6) All laws made by Parliament shall be styled "Acts" and the words of enactment shall be "Enacted by the President and Members of Parliament in this present Parliament assembled".

(7) Where a Bill has been passed by Parliament but the President refuses to sign it, the President shall within fourteen days of the presentation of the Bill for his signature cause the unsigned Bill to be returned to Parliament giving reasons for his refusal.

(8) Where a Bill is returned to Parliament pursuant to subsection (7) and that Bill is thereafter passed by the votes of not less than two-thirds of the Members of Parliament, it shall immediately become law and the Speaker shall thereupon cause it to be published in the Gazette.

(9) Nothing in this section or in section 53 of this Constitution shall prevent Parliament from conferring on any person or authority the power to make statutory instruments.

107. Minister may introduce Bill and ..??.. summoned to Parliament.

(1) A Minister may introduce a Bill in Parliament and take part, but without a vote, in the deliberations of Parliament on that Bill.

(2) A Minister may be summoned before Parliament or a Committee thereof -

(a) to give an account of any matter falling within his portfolio; or

(b) to explain any aspect of Government policy.

108. Alteration of this Constitution.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, Parliament may alter this Constitution.

(2) A Bill for an Act of Parliament under this section shall not be passed by Parliament unless -

(a) before the first reading of the Bill in Parliament the text of the Bill is published in at least two issues of the Gazette:

Provided that not less than nine days shall elapse between the first publication of the Bill in the Gazette and the second publication; and

(b) the Bill is supported on the second and third readings by the votes of not less than two-thirds of the Members of Parliament.

(3) A Bill for an Act of Parliament enacting a new Constitution or altering an, of the following provisions of this Constitution, that is to say -

(a) this section,

(b) Chapter III,

(c) sections 46, 56, 72, 73, 74(2), 74(3), 84(2), 85, 87, 105, 110-119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124, 128, 129, 131, 132, 133, 135, 136, 137, 140, 151, 156, 167,

shall not be submitted to the President for his assent and shall not become law unless the Bill, after it has been passed by parliament and in the form in which it was so passed, has, in accordance with the provisions of any law in that behalf, been submitted to and been approved at a referendum.

(4) Every person who is entitled to vote in the elections of Members of Parliament shall be entitled to vote at a referendum held for the purposes of subsection (3) and no other person may so vote; and the Bill shall not be regarded as having been approved at the referendum unless it was so approved by the votes of not less than one-half of all such persons and by not less than two-thirds of all the votes validly cast at the referendum:

Provided that in calculating the total number of persons entitled to vote at such referendum, the names of deceased persons, of persons disqualified as electors, and of persons duplicated in the register of electors and so certified by the Electoral Commission, shall not be taken into account.

(5) The conduct of any referendum for the purposes of subsection (3) of this section shall be under the general supervision of the Electoral Commission and the provisions of subsections (4), (5) and (6) of section 38 of this Constitution shall apply in relation to the exercise by the Electoral Commission of its functions with respect to a referendum as they apply in relation to the exercise of its functions with respect to elections of Members of Parliament.

(6) A Bill for an Act of Parliament under this section shall not be submitted to the President for his signature unless it is accompanied by a certificate under the hand of the Speaker of Parliament (or if the Speaker is for any reason unable to exercise the functions of his office, the Deputy Speaker) that the provisions of subsections (3) and (4) of this section have been complied with, and every such certificate shall be conclusive for all purposes and shall not be inquired in any court.

(7) No Act of Parliament shall be deemed to amend, add to or repeal or in any way alter any of the provisions of this Constitution unless it does so in express terms.

(8) Any suspension, alteration, or repeal of this Constitution other than on the authority of Parliament shall be deemed to be an act of Treason.

(9) In this section -

(a) references to this Constitution include references to any law that amends or replaces any of the provisions of this Constitution; and

(b) references to the alteration of this Constitution or of any Chapter or section of this Constitution include references to the amendment, modification or re-enactment, with or without amendment or modification, of any provision for the time being contained in this Constitution or Chapter or section thereof, the suspension or repeal of any such provision, the making of different provision in lieu of such provision and the addition of new provisions to this Constitution or Chapter or section thereof, and references to the alteration of any particular provision of this Constitution shall be construed likewise.

109. Residual authority of Parliament.

Subject to the provisions of section 105 of this Constitution, where on any matter, whether arising out of this Constitution or otherwise there is no provision, expressed or by necessary implication, of this Constitution which deals with the matter that has arisen, Parliament shall, by an Act of Parliament, not being inconsistent with any provision of this Constitution, provide for that matter to be dealt with.

PART VI - FINANCE

110. Authority for imposition of taxation.

(1) No taxation shall be imposed or altered otherwise than by or under the authority of an Act of Parliament.

(2) Where an Act enacted pursuant to subsection (1) confers a power on any person or authority to waive or vary a tax (otherwise than by reduction) imposed by that Act, the exercise of the power of waiver or variation in favour of any person or authority shall be subject to the prior approval of Parliament by resolution passed in that behalf.

(3) Parliament may make provision under which the President or a Minister may by order provide that, on or after the publication of a Bill (being a Bill approved by the President) that it is proposed to introduce into Parliament providing for the imposition or alteration of taxation, such provisions of the Bill as may be specified in the order shall, until the Bill becomes law, have the force of law for such period and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed by Parliament:

Provided that any such order shall, unless sooner revoked, cease to have effect -

(a) if the Bill to which it relates is not passed within such period from the date of its first reading in Parliament as may be prescribed by Parliament; or

(b) if, after the introduction of the Bill to which it relates, Parliament is prorogued or dissolved; or

(c) if, after the passage of the Bill to which it relates, the President refuses his assent thereto; or

(d) at the expiration of a period of four months from the date it came into operation or such longer period from that date as may be specified in any resolution passed by Parliament after the Bill to which it relates has been introduced.

(4) Parliament may confer upon any authority established by law for the purpose of local government power to impose taxation within the area for which that authority is established end to alter taxation so imposed.

(5) Where the Appropriation Act in respect of a financial year has not come into force at the expiration of six months from the commencement of that financial year, the operation of any law relating to the collection or recovery of any tax upon any income or profits or any duty of customs or excise shall be suspended until that Act comes into force:

Provided that -

(a) in any financial year in which Parliament stands dissolved at the commencement of that year the period of six months shall begin from the day upon which Parliament first sits following that dissolution instead of from the commencement of the financial year;

(b) the provisions of this subsection shall not apply in any financial year in which Parliament is dissolved after the laying of estimates in accordance with section 112 and before the Appropriation Bill relating to those estimates is passed by Parliament.

111. Consolidated Fund.

(1) There shall be a Consolidated Fund into which, subject to the provisions of this section, shall be paid -

(a) all revenues or other moneys raised or received for the purpose of, or on behalf of, the Government;

(b) any other moneys raised or received in trust for or on behalf of the Government; and

(c) all revenues and moneys payable by or under any bilateral or multilateral agreement.

(2) The revenues or other moneys referred to in subsection (1) shall not include revenues or other moneys -

(a) that are payable by or under an Act of Parliament into some other fund established for a specific purpose; or

(b) that may by or under an Act of Parliament, be retained by the department of Government that received them for the purpose of defraying the expenses of that department.

(3) No moneys shall be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund except -

(a) to meet expenditure that is charged upon the Fund by this Constitution or by an Act of Parliament; or

(b) where the issue of those moneys has bees authorised -

(i) by an Appropriation Act; or

(ii) by a Supplementary Estimate approved by a resolution of Parliament passed in that behalf; or

(iii) by an Act of Parliament enacted pursuant to the provisions of sections 112 and 113 of this Constitution; or

(iv) by rules or regulations made under an Act of Parliament in respect of trust moneys paid into the Consolidated Fund.

(4) No moneys shall be withdrawn from any public fund, other than the Consolidated Fund and the Contingencies Fund, unless the issues of those moneys have been authorised by or under the authority of an Act of Parliament.

112. Authorisation of expenditure from Consolidated Fund.

(1) Subject to the provisions of section 107 of this Constitution, the Minister for the time being responsible for finance shall cause to be prepared and laid before Parliament in each financial year estimates of the revenues and expenditures of Sierra Leone for the next following financial year.

(2) The Head of the expenditure -

(a) of the estimates shall be included in a Bill to be known as an Appropriation Bill which shall be introduced into Parliament to provide for the issue from the Consolidated Fund of the sums of money necessary to meet that expenditure and the appropriation of those sums for the purposes specified therein; and

(b) of the Consolidated Fund payments shall be laid before Parliament for the information of the Members thereof.

(3) Where, in respect of any financial year, it is found that the amount of moneys appropriated by the Appropriation Act for ally purpose is insufficient or that a need has arisen for expenditure for a purpose for which no amount of moneys has been appropriated by that Act, a supplementary estimate showing the sum of money required shall be laid before Parliament.

(4) Where, in respect of any financial year, a supplementary estimate has been approved by Parliament in accordance with the provisions of subsection (3), a supplementary Appropriation Bill shall be introduced in Parliament in the financial year next following the financial year to which the estimates relate, providing for the appropriation of the sum so approved for the purposes specified in that estimate.

(5) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (4), the Minister for the time being responsible for finance may cause to be prepared and laid before Parliament estimates of revenue and expenditure of Sierra Leone for periods of over one year.

(6) Parliament shall prescribe the procedure for the presentation of Appropriation Bills.

113. Authorisation of expenditure in advance of appropriation.

Where it appears to the Minister responsible for finance that the Appropriation Act in respect of any financial year will not come into operation by the beginning of that financial year, he may, with the prior approval of Parliament signified in that behalf by a resolution thereof, authorise the withdrawal of moneys from the Consolidated Fund for the purposes of meeting expenditure necessary to carry on the services of the Government in respect of the period expiring four months from the beginning of the financial year or on the coming into operation of the Act, whichever is earlier.

114. Withdrawal of moneys from general revenues.

(1) No moneys shall be expended from the general revenue of the Republic unless -

(a) the expenditure is authorised by a warrant under the hand of the President; or

(b) the expenditure is charged by this Constitution or any other law on the general revenues of the Republic; or

(c) the expenditure is of moneys received by a department of Government and is made under the provisions of any law which authorises that department to retain and expend those moneys for defraying the expenses of the department.

(2) No warrant shall be issued by the President authorising expenditure from the general revenues of the Republic unless -

(a) the expenditure is necessary to carry on the services of the Government in respect of any period not exceeding four months beginning with the commencement of a financial year during which the Appropriation Act for that financial year is not in force; or

(b) the expenditure has been proposed in a supplementary estimate to be approved by Parliament; or

(c) no provision exists for the expenditure and the President considers that there is such an urgent need to incur the expenditure that it would not be in the public interest to delay the authorisation of the expenditure until such time as a supplementary estimate can be laid before and approved by Parliament; or

(d) the expenditure is incurred on capital projects continuing from the previous financial year until the commencement of the Appropriation Act for the current financial year.

(3) The President shall, immediately after he has signed any warrant authorising expenditure from the general revenues of the Republic, cause a copy of the warrant to be transmitted to the Accountant-General.

(4) The issue of warrants under paragraph (c) of subsection (2), the investment of moseys forming part of the general revenue of the Republic and the making of advances from such revenues shall be subject to such limitations and conditions as Parliament may from time to time prescribe.

115. Remuneration of the President and certain other officers.

(1) There shall be paid to the holders of the offices to which this section applies such salaries and allowances as may be prescribed by or under any law.

(2) The salaries and allowances payable to the holders of the offices to which this section applies shall be a charge on the Consolidated Fund.

(3) The salary, pensions, gratuity and allowances payable to the holder of any office to which this section applies and his other terms of services shall not be altered to his disadvantage after his appointment, and for the purposes of this subsection, in so far as the terms of service of any person depend on the option of that person, the terms for which he opts shall be taken to be more advantageous to him than any other terms for which he might have opted.

(4) This section applies to the offices of the President, Vice-President, Attorney-General and Minister of Justice, Ministers, Deputy Ministers, the Chief Justice, a Justice of the Supreme Court, a Justice of Appeal, a Judge of the High Court, the Director of Public Prosecutions, the Chairman and Members of the Electoral Commission, the Chairman and Members of the Public Service Commission, and the Auditor-General.

116. Contingencies Fund.

(1) Parliament may provide for the establishment of the Contingencies Fund and for authorising the Minister responsible for Finance, if he is satisfied that there has arisen an urgent and unforeseen need for expenditure for which no other provision exists, to make advance from the Fund to meet that need.

(2) Where any advance is made in accordance with subsection (1), a Supplementary Estimate shall be presented and a Supplementary Appropriation Bill shall be introduced into Parliament as soon as possible for the purpose of replacing the amount so advanced.

117. Public debt.

(1) The public debt of Sierra Leone shall be secured on the revenues and assets of Sierra Leone.

(2) In this section reference to the public debt of Sierra Leone includes reference to the interest on that debt, sinking fund payments in respect of that debt and the costs, charges and expenses incidental to the management of that debt.

118. Loans.

(1) Parliament may by a resolution passed in that behalf and supported by the votes of a majority of all the Members of Parliament, authorise the Government to enter into an agreement for the granting of a loan out of any public fund or public account.

(2) An agreement entered pursuant to subsection (1) shall be laid before Parliament and shall not come into operation unless the same has been approved by a resolution of Parliament.

(3) No loan shall be raised by the Government on behalf of itself or any other public institution or authority otherwise than by or under the authority of an Act of Parliament.

(4) An Act of Parliament enacted in accordance with subsection (3) shall provide -

(a) that the terms and conditions of a loan shall be laid before Parliament and shall not come into operation unless it has been approved by a resolution of Parliament; and

(b) that any moneys received in respect of that loan shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund and form part thereof or into some other Public Fund of Sierra Leone either existing or created for the purposes of the loan.

(5) For the purposes of this section, the expression "loan" includes any moneys lent or given to or by the Government on condition of return or repayment and any other form of borrowing or lending in respect of which -

(a) moneys from the Consolidated Fund or any other Public Fund may be used for payment or repayment; or

(b) moneys from any tuna by whatever name called established for the purposes of payment or repayment whether in whole or in part and whether directly or indirectly may be used for payment or repayment.

(6) The provisions of subsections (1), (2), (3), (4) and (5) shall also apply to any agreement for a loan entered into by the Government in respect of the natural resources of Sierra Leone, such as mineral, marine, forest and such other resources.

(7) Parliament shall be notified by the appropriate minister or authority of all gifts, donations, grants and pledges made to the State of Sierra Leone.

119. Establishment of office and functions of Auditor-General.

(1) There shall be an Auditor-General for Sierra Leone whose office shall be a public office, and who shall be appointed by the President after consultation with the Public Service Commission, and subject to the approval of Parliament.

(2) The public accounts of Sierra Leone and of all public offices, including the Courts, the accounts of the central and local government administrations, of the Universities and public institutions of like nature, any statutory corporation, company or other body or organisation established by an Act of Parliament or statutory instrument or otherwise set up partly or wholly out of Public Funds, shall be audited and reported on by or on behalf of the Auditor-General, and for that purpose the Auditor-General of any person authorised or appointed in that behalf by the Auditor-General shall have access to all books, records returns and other documents relating or relevant to those accounts.

(3) The public accounts of Sierra Leone and of all other persons or authorities referred to in subsection (2) shall be kept in such form as the Auditor-General shall approve.

(4) The Auditor-General shall, within twelve months of the end of the immediately preceding financial year, submit his report to Parliament and shall in that report draw attention to any irregularities in the accounts audited and to any other matter which in his opinion ought to be brought to the notice of Parliament.

(5) Parliament shall debate the report of the Auditor-General and appoint where necessary in the public interest a committee to deal with any matters arising therefrom.

(6) In the exercise of his functions under this Constitution or any other law, the Auditor-General shall not be subject to the direction or control of any other person or authority.

(7) The provisions of subsection (6) shall not preclude the President, acting in accordance with the advice of Cabinet, or Parliament from requesting the Auditor-General in the public interest to audit at any particular time, the accounts of any body or organisation as is referred to in subsection (2).

(8) The salary and allowances payable to the Auditor-General, his rights in respect of leave of absence, retiring age and other conditions of service, shall not be varied to his disadvantage after his appointment.

(9) The provisions of section 137 of this Constitution, relating to the removal of a Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature, other than the Chief Justice, from office, shall apply to the Auditor-General.

(10) The Auditor-General shall retire from office on attaining the age of sixty-five years or such age as ma, be prescribed by Parliament.

(11) The administrative expenses of the office of the Auditor-General including all salaries, allowances, gratuities and pensions payable to or in respect of persons serving in the Audit Service shall be a charge upon the Consolidated Fund.

(12) The accounts of the office of the Auditor General shall be audited and reported upon by an auditor appointed by Parliament.

(13) Any person appointed to tee the Auditor-General for Sierra Leone shall, before entering upon the duties of his office, take and subscribe the oath as set out in the Third Schedule to this Constitution.

(14) Whenever the office of the Auditor-General is vacant or the holder of the office is for any reason unable to perform the functions of his office, the President may, in consultation with the Public Service Commission, appoint a person to act in the office and any person so appointed shall, subject to the provisions of this section relating to the removal of the Auditor-General, continue to act until his appointment is revoked by the President.

CHAPTER VII - THE JUDICIARY

PART I - THE SUPERIOR COURT OF JUDICATURE

120. Establishment of the Judiciary.

(1) The Judicial power of Sierra Leone shall be vested in he the Judiciary of which the Chief Justice shall be the Head.

(2) The Judiciary shall have jurisdiction in all matters civil and criminal including matters relating to this Constitution, and such other matters in respect of which Parliament may by or under an Act of Parliament confer jurisdiction on the Judiciary.

(3) In the exercise of its judicial functions, the Judiciary shall be subject to only this Constitution or any other law, and shall not be subject to the control or direction of any other person or authority.

(4) The Judicature shall consist of the Supreme Court of Sierra Leone, the Court of Appeal and the High Court of Justice which shall be the superior courts of record of Sierra Leone and which shall constitute one Superior Court of Judicature, and such other inferior and traditional courts as Parliament may by law establish.

(5) The Superior Court of Judicature shall have the power to commit for contempt to themselves and all such powers as were vested in a court of record immediately before the coming into force of this Constitution.

(6) Save as may be otherwise ordered by a Court in the interests of public morality, public safety or public order, all proceedings of every Court, including the announcement of the decision of the court, shall be held in public.

(7) Nothing contained in subsection (6) shall prevent a court from excluding from its proceedings persons, other than the parties thereto and their counsel, to such an extent as the Court may consider necessary or expedient -

(a) in circumstances where publicity would prejudice the interests of justice or any interlocutory proceedings; or

(b) in the interests of defence, public safety, public morality, the welfare of minors or the protection of the private lives of persons concerned in the proceedings.

(8) In the exercise of the Judicial power conferred upon the Judiciary by this Constitution or any other law, the Superior Court of Judicature shall have power, in relation to any matter within its jurisdiction, to issue such orders as may be necessary to ensure the enforcement of any judgement, decree or order of the Court.

(9) A Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature shall not be liable to any action or suit for any matter or thing done by him in the performance of his judicial functions.

(10) The fudges of the High Court shall be entitled to sit as Justices of Appeal, and the Justices of Appeal shall be entitled to sit as Justices of the Supreme Court whenever so requested by the Chief Justice.

(11) Notwithstanding the provisions of the preceding subsections, any Justice of Appeal may, on the request of the Chief Justice, sit and act as a Judge of the High Court.

(12) Every such person, while sitting and acting as a Judge of the High Court, shall have all the jurisdiction, powers and privileges of, but not otherwise be deemed to be, a Judge of the High Court.

(13) The provisions of subsections (11) and (12) shall apply mutatis mutandis to a Justice of the Supreme Court sitting as a Justice of Appeal.

(14) Neither the Chief Justice nor any Justice of the Supreme Court or of the Court of Appeal or a Judge of the High Court may take any part in the hearing of any appeal from his own judgement or the judgement of a panel of judges of which he was a member.

(15) No office of Judge of the High Court, Justice of Appeal or Justice of the Supreme Court shall be abolished while there is a substantive holder thereof.

(16) Every Court established under this Constitution shall deliver its decision in writing not later than three months after the conclusion of the evidence and final addresses or arguments of appeal, and furnish all parties to the cause or matter determine with duly authenticated copies of the decision on the date of the delivery thereof.

PART II - THE SUPREME COURT

121. Composition of the Supreme Court.

(1) The Supreme Court shall consist of -

(a) the Chief Justice;

(b) not less than four other Justices of the Supreme Court; and

(c) such other Justices of the Superior Court of Judicature or of Superior Courts in any State practising a body of law similar to Sierra Leone, not being more in number than the number of Justices of the Supreme Court sitting as such, as the Chief Justice may, for the determination of any particular cause or matter by writing under his hand, request to s..??.. in the Supreme Court for such period as the Chief Justice may specify or until the request is withdrawn.

(2) The Supreme Court shall, save as otherwise provided in paragraph (a) of subsection (6) of section 28 and section 126 of this Constitution, be duly constituted for the despatch of its business by not less than three Justices thereof.

(3) The Chief Justice shall preside at the sittings of the Supreme Court and in his absence the most senior of the Justices of the Supreme Court as constituted for the time being shall preside.

122. Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.

(1) The Supreme Court shall be the final court of appeal in and for Sierra Leone and shall have such appellate and other jurisdiction as may be conferred upon it by this Constitution or any other law:

Provided that notwithstanding any law to the contrary, the President may refer any Petition in which he has to give a final decision to the Supreme Court for a judicial opinion.

(2) The Supreme Court may, while treating its own previous decisions as normally binding, depart from a previous decision when it appears right so to do, and all other Courts shall be bound to follow the decision of the Supreme Court on questions of law.

(3) For the purposes of hearing and determining any matter within its jurisdiction and the amendment, execution or the enforcement of any judgement or order made on any such matter, and for the purposes of any other authority, expressly or by necessary implication given to it, the Supreme Court shall have all the powers, authority and jurisdiction vested in any Court established by this Constitution or any other law.

123. Appeals to the Supreme Court.

(1) An appeal shall lie from a judgement, decree or order of the Court of Appeal to the Supreme Court -

(a) as of right, in any civil cause or matter;

(b) as of right, in any criminal cause or matter in respect of which an appeal has been brought to the Court of Appeal from a judgement, decree or order of the High Court of Justice in the exercise of its original jurisdiction; or

(c) with leave of the Court of Appeal in any criminal cause or matter, where the Court of Appeal is satisfied that the case involves a substantial question of law or is of public importance.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1), the Supreme Court shall have power to entertain any application for special leave to appeal in any cause or matter, civil or criminal, to the Supreme Court, and to grant such leave accordingly.

124. Interpretation of the Constitution.

(1) The Supreme Court shall, save as otherwise provided in section 122 of this Constitution, have original jurisdiction, to the exclusion of all other Courts -

(a) in all matters relating to the enforcement or interpretation of any provision of this Constitution; and

(b) where any question arises whether an enactment was made in excess of the power conferred upon Parliament or any other authority or person by law or under this Constitution.

(2) Where any question relating to any matter or question as is referred to in subsection (1) arises in any proceedings in any Court, other than the Supreme Court, that Court shall stay the proceedings and refer the question of law involved to the Supreme Court for determination; and the Court in which the question arose shall dispose of the case in accordance with the decision of the Supreme Court.

125. Supervisory Jurisdiction.

The Supreme Court shall have supervisory jurisdiction over all other Courts in Sierra Leone and over any adjudicating authority; and in exercise of its supervisory jurisdiction shall have power to issue such directions, orders or writs including writs of habeas corpus, orders of certiorari, mandamus and prohibition as it may consider appropriate for the purposes of enforcing or securing the enforcement of its supervisory powers.

126. Power of Justices of the Supreme Court in interlocutory matters.

A single Justice of the Supreme Court acting in its criminal jurisdiction, and three Justices of the Supreme Court acting in its civil jurisdiction may exercise any power vested in the Supreme Court not involving the decision of a cause or matter before the Supreme Court save that -

(a) in criminal matters, if any such Justices refuses or grants an application in the exercise of any such power, any person affected thereby shall be entitled to have the application determined by the Supreme Court constituted by three Justices thereof; and

(b) in civil matters any order, direction or decision made or given by the three Justices in pursuance of the powers conferred by this section may be varied, discharged or reversed by the Supreme Court constituted by five Justices thereof.

127. Enforcement of the Constitution.

(1) A person who alleges that an enactment or anything contained in or done under the authority of that or any other enactment is inconsistent with, or is in contravention of a provision of this Constitution, may at any time bring an action in the Supreme Court for a declaration to that effect.

(2) The Supreme Court shall, for the purposes of a declaration under subsection (1), make such orders and give such directions as it may consider appropriate for giving effect to, or enabling effect to be given to, the declaration so made.

(3) Any person to whom an order or direction is addressed under subsection (1) by the Supreme Court shall duly obey and carry out the terms of the order or direction.

(4) Failure to obey or to carry out the terms of an order or direction made or given under subsection (1) shall constitute a crime under this Constitution.

PART III - COURT OF APPEAL

128. Composition of the Court of Appeal.

(1) The Court of Appeal shall consist of -

(a) the Chief Justice;

(b) not less than seven Justices of the Court of Appeal; and

(c) such other Justices of the Superior Court of Judicature as the Chief Justice may, for the determination of any particular cause or matter by writing under his hand, request to sit in the Court of Appeal for such period as the Chief Justice may specify or until the request is withdrawn.

(2) The Court of Appeal shall be duly constituted by any three Justices thereof and when so constituted the most senior of such Justices shall preside.

(3) Subject to the provisions of subsections (1) and (2) of section 122 of this Constitution, the Court of Appeal shall be bound by its own previous decisions and all Courts inferior to the Court of Appeal shall be bound to follow the decisions of the Court of Appeal on questions of law.

(4) Parliament may create such Divisions of the Court of Appeal as it may consider necessary -

(a) consisting of such number of Justices as may be assigned thereto by the Chief Justice;

(b) sitting at such places in Sierra Leone as the Chief Justice may determine; and

(c) presided over by the most senior of the Justices of the Court of Appeal constituting the Court.

129. Jurisdiction of the Court of Appeal.

(1) The Court of Appeal shall have jurisdiction throughout Sierra Leone to hear and determine, subject to the provisions of this section and of this Constitution. appeals from any judgement, decree or order of the High Court of Justice or any Justice thereof and such other appellate jurisdiction as may be conferred upon it by this Constitution or any other law.

(2) Save as otherwise provided in this Constitution or any other law, an appeal shall lie as of right from a judgement, decree or order of the High Court of Justice to the Court of Appeal in any cause or matter determined by the High Court of Justice.

(3) For the purposes of hearing and determining any appeal within its jurisdiction and the amendment, execution or the enforcement of any judgement or order made on any such appeal and for the purposes of any other authority expressly or by necessary implication given to the Court of Appeal by this Constitution or any other law, the Court of Appeal shall have all the powers, authority and jurisdiction vested in the Court from which the Appeal is brought.

130. Power of single Justice of Appeal.

A single Justice of the Court of Appeal may exercise any power vested in the Court of Appeal not involving the decision of any cause or matter before the Court of Appeal save that -

(a) in criminal matters, if any such Justice refuses or grants an application in the exercise of any such power, any person affected thereby shall be entitled to have the application determined by the Court of Appeal as duly constituted; and

(b) in civil matters, any order, direction or decision made or given in pursuance of the power conferred by this section may be varied, discharged or reversed by the Court of Appeal as duly constituted.

PART IV - THE HIGH COURT OF JUSTICE

131. Composition of the High Court.

(1) The High Court of Justice shall consist of -

(a) the Chief Justice;

(b) not less than nine High Court Judges; and

(c) such other Judges of the Superior Court of Judicature as the Chief Justice may, for the determination of any particular cause or matter, by writing under his hand request to sit in the High Court of Justice for such period as the Chief Justice may specify or until the request is withdrawn.

(2) The High Court of Justice shall be duly constituted as the case may be -

(a) by any one Judge thereof; or

(b) by any one Judge thereof and a Jury.

(3) There shall be in the said High Court such Divisions consisting of such Dumber of Judges respectively as may be assigned thereto by the Chief Justice; and sitting in such places in Sierra Leone as the Chief Justice may determine.

132. Jurisdiction of the High Court.

(1) The High Court of Justice shall have jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters and such other original appellate and other, jurisdiction as may be conferred upon it by this Constitution or any other law.

(2) The High Court of Justice shall have jurisdiction to determine any matter relating to industrial and labour disputes and administrative complaints.

(3) Parliament shall, by an Act of Parliament, make provision for the exercise of the jurisdiction conferred on the High Court of Justice by the provisions of the immediately preceding subsection.

(4) For the purposes of hearing and determining an appeal within its jurisdiction and the amendment, execution or the enforcement of any judgement or order made on any such appeal, and for the purposes of any other authority expressly or by necessary implication given to the High Court of Justice by this Constitution or any other law, the High Court of Justice shall have all the powers. authority and jurisdiction vested in the Court from which the Appeal is brought.

(5) Any Judge of the High Court of Justice may, in accordance with Rules of Court made in that behalf, exercise in Court or in Chambers all or any part of the jurisdiction vested in the High Court of Justice by this Constitution or any other law.

133. Claims against the Government.

(1) Where a person has a claim against the Government, that claim may be enforced as of right by proceedings taken against the Government for that purpose, without the grant of a fiat or the use of the process known as Petition of Right.

(2) Parliament shall, by an Act of Parliament, make provision for the exercise of jurisdiction under this section.

134. Supervisory Jurisdiction of the High Court.

The High Court of Justice shall have supervisory jurisdiction over all inferior and traditional Courts in Sierra Leone and any adjudicating authority, and in the exercise of its supervisory jurisdiction shall have power to issue such directions, writs and orders, including writs of habeas corpus, and orders of certiorari, mandamus and prohibition as it may consider appropriate for the purposes of enforcing or securing the enforcement of its supervisory powers.

PART V - APPOINTMENT OF JUDGES, ETC.

135. Appointment of Judges, etc.

(1) The President shall, acting on the advice of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission and subject to the approval of Parliament, appoint the Chief Justice by warrant under his hand from among persons qualified to hold office as Justice of the Supreme Court.

(2) The other Judges of the Superior Court of Judicature shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand acting on the advice of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission and subject to the approval of Parliament.

(3) A person shall not be qualified for appointment as a Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature, unless he is entitled to practise as Counsel in a Court having unlimited jurisdiction in civil and criminal matters in Sierra Leone or any other country having a system of law analogous to that of Sierra Leone and approved by the Judicial and Legal Service Commission, and has been entitled as such Counsel in the case of appointment to -

(a) the Supreme Court, for not less than twenty years;

(b) the Court of Appeal, for not less than fifteen years;

(c) the High Court of Justice, for not less than ten years.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), a person shall be regarded as entitled to practise as Counsel if he has been called, enrolled or otherwise admitted as such and has not subsequently been disbarred or removed from the Roll of Counsel or Legal Practitioners.

(5) For the purposes of this section, a person shall not be regarded as not being entitled to practise in a court by reason only that he is precluded from doing so by virtue of his holding or acting in any office.

136. Judicial vacancies.

(1) Where the office of the Chief Justice is vacant or if the Chief Justice is for any reason unable to perform the functions of his office, then -

(a) until a person has been appointed to and has assumed the functions of that office, or

(b) until the person holding that office has resumed the functions of that office, as the case may be, those functions shall be performed by the most senior for the time being of the Justices of the Supreme Court.

(2) Where the office of a Judge of the High Court is vacant or for any reason a Judge thereof is unable to perform the functions of his office or if the Chief Justice advises the President that the state or business in the High Court of Justice so requires, the President may, acting in accordance with the advice of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission, appoint a person who has held office as, or a person qualified for appointment as, a Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature to act as a Judge of the High Court of Justice, notwithstanding the fact that he has already attained the retiring age prescribed by section 137.

(3) Any person appointed under the provisions of subsection (2) of this section to act as a Judge of the High Court of Justice shall continue to act for the period of his appointment or if no such period is specified until his appointment is revoked by the President, acting in accordance with the advice of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission.

(4) Where the office of a Justice of the Supreme Court or of the Court of Appeal is vacant or for any reason a Justice thereof is unable to perform the functions of his office or if the Chief Justice advises the President that the state of business in the Supreme Court or in the Court of Appeal, as the case may be, so requires the President may acting in accordance with the advice of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission, appoint a person who has held office as or a person qualified for appointment as a Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature to act as a Justice of the Supreme Court or of the Court of Appeal, as the case may be, notwithstanding the fact that he has already attained the retiring age prescribed by section 137.

(5) Any person appointed under the provisions of subsection (4) of this section to act as a Justice of the Supreme Court or of the Court of Appeal shall continue to act for the period of his appointment or if no such period is specified until his appointment is revoked by the President acting in accordance with the advice of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission.

(6) Notwithstanding the expiration of the period of his appointment, or the revocation of his appointment, a Judge appointed pursuant to the provisions of subsection (2) or (4) of this section, may thereafter continue to act, for a period not exceeding three months, to enable him to deliver judgement or do any other thing in relation to proceedings that were commenced before him previously thereto.

137. Tenure of Office of Judges, etc.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, a Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature shall hold office during good behaviour.

(2) A person holding office as a fudge of the Superior Court of Judicature -

(a) may retire as Judge at any time after attaining the age of sixty years;

(b) shall vacate that office on attaining the age of sixty-five years.

(3) Notwithstanding that he has attained; the age at which he is required by the provisions of this section to vacate his office, a person holding the office of a Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature may continue in office after attaining that age, for a period not exceeding three months, to enable him to deliver judgement or do any ether thing in relation to proceedings that were commenced before him previously thereto.

(4) Subject to the previsions of this section, a Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature may be removed from office only for inability to perform the functions of his office, whether arising from infirmity of body or mind or for stated misconduct, and shall not he so removed save in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(5) If the Judicial and Legal Service Commission represents to the President that the question of removing a Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature, other than the Chief Justice, under subsection (4) ought to be investigated then -

(a) the President, acting in consultation with the Judicial and Legal Service Commission, shall appoint a tribunal which shall consist of a Chairman and two other members, all of whom shall be persons qualified to hold or have held office as a Justice of the Supreme Court; and

(b) the tribunal appointed under paragraph (a) shall enquire into the matter and report on the facts thereof and the findings thereon to the President and recommend to the President whether the Judge ought to be removed from office under subsection (7).

(6) Where the question of removing a Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature from office has been referred to a tribunal under subsection (5), the President may suspend the Judge from performing the functions of his office, and any such suspension may at any time be revoked by the President, and shall in any case cease to have effect if the tribunal recommends to the President that the Judge shall not be removed from office.

(7) A Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature shall be removed from office by the President -

(a) if the question of his removal from office has been referred to a tribunal appointed under subsection (5) and the tribunal has recommended to the President that he ought to be removed from office; and

(b) if his removal has been approved by a two-thirds majority in Parliament.

(8) If the President is satisfied on a petition presented to him in that behalf, that the question of removing the Chief Justice ought to be investigated, then -

(a) the President shall, acting in consultation with the Cabinet, appoint a tribunal which shall consist of -

(i) three Justices of the Supreme Court, or legal practitioners qualified to be appointed as Justices of the Supreme Court; and

(ii) two other persons who are not Members of Parliament or legal practitioners;

(b) the tribunal shall enquire into the matter and report on the facts thereof and the findings thereon to the President whether the Chief Justice ought to be removed from office under subsection (10), and the President shall act in accordance with the recommendations of the tribunal.

(9) Where the question of removing the Chief Justice from office has been referred to a tribunal under subsection (8), the President may by warrant under his hand suspend the Chief Justice from performing the functions of his office, and any such suspension may at any time be revoked by the President, and shall in any case cease to have effect if the tribunal recommends to the President that the Chief Justice shall not be removed from office.

(10) The Chief Justice shall be removed from office by the President -

(a) if the question of his removal from office has been referred to a tribunal appointed under subsection (8) and the tribunal has recommended to the President that he ought to be removed from office; and

(b) if his removal has been approved by a two-thirds majority in Parliament.

138. Remuneration of Judges, etc.

(1) The salaries, allowances, gratuities and pensions of Judges of the Superior Court of Judicature shall be a charge upon the Consolidated Fund.

(2) A Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature shall on retiring from office as such Judge, be entitled to such gratuity and pension as may be determined by Parliament.

(3) The salary, allowances, privileges, right in respect of leave of absence, gratuity or pension and other conditions of service of a Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature shall not be varied to his disadvantage.

(4) A Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature shall not while he continues in office, hold any other office of profit or emolument, whether by way of allowances or otherwise, whether private or public, and either directly or indirectly.

139. Oath of Office of Judges.

A Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature shall, before assuming the functions of his office, take and subscribe before -

(a) the President, in the ease of the Chief Justice and Justices of the Supreme Court; and

(b) the Chief Justice, in the case of any other Judge, the Judicial Oath as set out in the Third Schedule to this Constitution.

140. Judicial and Legal Service Commission.

(1) There shall be established a Judicial and Legal Service Commission which shall advise the Chief Justice in the performance of his administrative functions and perform such other functions as provided by this Constitution or by any other law, and which shall consist of -

(a) the Chief Justice, who shall be the Chairman;

(b) the most Senior Justice of the Court of Appeal;

(c) the Solicitor-General;

(d) one practising Counsel of not less than ten years standing nominated by the Sierra Leone Bar Association and appointed by the President;

(e) the Chairman of the Public Service Commission; and

(f) two other persons, not being legal practitioners, to be appointed by the President, subject to the approval of Parliament.

(2) The Chief Justice shall, acting in accordance with the advice of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission and save as otherwise provided in this Constitution, be responsible for the effective and efficient administration of the Judiciary.

(3) The following provisions shall apply in relation to a member of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission who is appointed pursuant to paragraphs (d) and (f) of subsection (1) -

(a) subject to the provisions of this subsection, such member shall vacate office at the expiration of three years from the date of his appointment;

(b) any such member may be removed from office by the President for inability to discharge the functions of his office (whether arising from infirmity of mind or body or any other cause) or for misconduct; and

(c) such member shall not be removed from office except in accordance with the provisions of this subsection.

(4) A member of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission shall, before assuming the functions of his office, take and subscribe before the President the oath as set out in the Third Schedule to this Constitution.

141. Appointment of Judicial and Legal Officers, etc.

(1) The power to appoint persons to hold or act in any office to which this section applies (including the power to make appointments on promotion and transfer from one office to another and to confirm appointments) and to dismiss and exercise disciplinary control over persons holding or acting in such offices shall vest in the Judicial and Legal Service Commission:

Provided that the Commission may, with the approval of the President and subject to such conditions as it may think lit, delegate any of its powers under this section, by direction in writing to any of its members, or to any Judge of the High Court, or to the holder of any office to which this section applies, or, in the case of a power relating to an office connected with the Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court, to any Justice of either of those Courts.

(2) This section applies to the offices of Administrator and Registrar-General, Registrar and Deputy Registrar of the Supreme Court, Registrar and Deputy Registrar of the Court of Appeal, Master and Registrar of the High Court, Deputy Master and Registrar of the High Court, any Registrar of the High Court, Deputy Administrator and Registrar-General, any Principal Magistrate, Senior Magistrate, Magistrate, Under Sheriff, First Parliamentary Counsel, Second Parliamentary Counsel, Principal State Counsel, Customary Law Officer, Senior State Counsel, Senior Parliamentary Counsel, Research Counsel, Parliamentary Counsel, State Counsel, Assistant Customary Law Officer and such other officers as may be prescribed by Parliament.

142. Appointment of Court officers.

(1) The appointment of officers and servants of the Courts of Sierra Leone shall, subject to the provisions of section 141 of this Constitution, be made by the Chief Justice or such other Judge or officer of the Court as the Chief Justice may direct, acting in consultation with the Judicial and Legal Service Commission.

(2) The Judicial and Legal Service Commission may, acting in consultation with the Public Service Commission and with the prior approval of the President, make regulations by statutory instrument prescribing the terms and conditions of service of officers and other employees of the Courts and of the Judicial and the Legal Services established by this Constitution or any other law.

143. Fees of Court, etc.

Any fees, fines or other moneys taken by the Courts shall form part of the Consolidated Fund.

144. Official document.

(1) Whenever in any proceedings in a Court, other than the Supreme Court, any question arises as to the discovery of an official document, and any person or authority having custody legal or otherwise of any such document refuses, upon request, to produce that document, on the ground -

(a) that the document belongs to a class of documents which it is prejudicial to the security of the State or if injurious to the public interest to produce, or

(b) that disclosure of the contents thereof will be prejudicial to the security of the State or injurious to the public interest,

the Court shall stay the proceedings and refer the question to the Supreme Court for determination.

(2) The Supreme Court may, pursuant to the provisions of subsection (1) -

(a) order any person or authority having custody, legal or otherwise, of the document to produce it; and any person so ordered shall produce the document for the purpose of inspection by the Supreme Court; and

(b) determine whether or not any such document shall be produced in the Court from which the reference was made after hearing the parties thereto or their legal representatives or after having given them the opportunity of being heard.

(3) Where the Supreme Court is of the opinion that the document shall be produced, it shall make an order upon the person or authority having custody of the document to produce the same or so much of the contents thereof as is essential for the proceedings in accordance with the terms of the order.

(4) Where the question of the discovery of an official document arises in any proceedings in the Supreme Court in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (1) of this section, the Supreme Court shall be governed, mutatis mutandis, by the preceding provisions of this section for the determination of the question that has arisen.

145. Rules of Court Committee.

(1 ) There shall be established a Rules of Court Committee which shall consist of -

(a) the Chief Justice, who shall be Chairman;

(b) the Director of Public Prosecutions;

(c) a Justice of the Supreme Court, a Justice of Appeal, and a Judge of the High Court, to be appointed by the Chief Justice;

(d) the First Parliamentary Counsel;

(e) a nominee of the Attorney-General and Minister of Justice;

(f) two practising Counsel of not less than ten years standing both of whom shall be nominated annually by the Sierra Leone Bar Association.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution the Rules of Court Committee may make Rules of Court for regulating the practice and procedure of all Courts in Sierra Leone, which shall include rules relating to the prevention of frivolous and vexatious proceedings.

CHAPTER VIII - THE OMBUDSMAN

146. Parliament to establish office of Ombudsman.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, Parliament shall, not later than twelve months from the commencement of this Constitution, or so soon thereafter as Parliament may determine, by an Act of Parliament establish the office of Ombudsman.

(2) The Act of Parliament shall define the functions and duties of the Ombudsman which shall include the investigation of any action taken or omitted to be taken by or on behalf of -

(a) any department or Ministry of Government;

(b) any statutory corporation or institutions of higher learning or education, set up entirely or partly out of public funds;

(c) any member of the Public Service, being an action taken or emitted to be taken in the exercise of the administrative functions of that department, ministry, statutory corporation, institution or person.

CHAPTER IX - COMMISSIONS OF INQUIRY

147. Appointment of Commissions of Inquiry.

(1) Save as otherwise provided in subsection (2), the President shall, by constitutional instrument, appoint a Commission of inquiry into any matter of public interest where -

(a) the Cabinet advises that it is in the public interest so to do; or

(b) Parliament by a resolution passed in that behalf requires that a Commission be appointed to inquire into any matter specified in the resolution being a matter of public importance.

(2) A Commission appointed pursuant to the provisions of subsection (1) may consist of a sole Commissioner or two or more persons one of whom shall be appointed the Chairman of the Commission.

(3) No person shall be appointed a sole Commissioner or the Chairman of a Commission of Inquiry pursuant to the provisions of this section unless -

(a) he is a Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature; or

(b) he is a person qualified to be appointed a Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature; or

(c) he is a person who has held office as a Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature; or

(d) he is a person who possesses special background knowledge in respect of the matter forming the subject-matter of the investigation.

(4) Subject to the provisions of subsection (3), where a Commission of Inquiry appointed pursuant to the provisions of subsection (1) consists of more than two Commissioners other than the Chairman, at least one of them shall be a person who possesses special qualifications or knowledge in respect of the matter forming the subject-matter of the investigation.

148. Powers, rights and privileges of Commissions of Inquiry.

(1) A Commission of Inquiry shall have such powers, rights and privileges as are vested in the High Court of Justice or a Judge thereof at a trial in respect of -

(a) enforcing the attendance of witnesses and examining them on oath, affirmation or otherwise; and

(b) compelling the production of documents; and

(c) the issue of a commission or request to examine witnesses abroad.

(2) A sole Commissioner or a Member of a Commission of Inquiry shall not be liable to any action or suit in respect of any matter or thing done by him in the performance of his functions as such Commissioner or Member.

(3) Save as may be otherwise ordered by the Commission in the interest of public safety or public order, the proceedings of every Commission of Inquiry shall be held in public.

149. Publication of report of Commission of Inquiry and right of appeal.

(1) The Commission of Inquiry shall -

(a) make a full, faithful and an impartial inquiry into any matter specified in the commission of appointment;

(b) report in writing the result of the inquiry; and

(c) furnish in the report the reasons leading to the conclusions arrived at or reported.

(2) The President shall, subject to the provisions of subsection (4), cause to be published the report of a Commission of Inquiry together with the White Paper thereon within six months of the date of the submission of the report by the Commission.

(3) Where the report of a Commission of Inquiry is not to be published, the President shall issue a statement to that effect, giving reasons why the report is not to be published.

(4) Where a Commission of Inquiry makes an adverse finding against any person, which may result in a penalty, forfeiture loss of status, the report of the Commission of Inquiry shall, for the purposes of this Constitution, he deemed to be a judgement of the High Court of Justice and accordingly an appeal shall lie as of right from the Commission to the Court of Appeal.

150. Rules regulating Commissions of Inquiry.

Subject to the provisions of this Chapter, the Rules of Court Committee shall, by constitutional instrument, make rules regulating the practice and procedure of all Commissions of Inquiry.

CHAPTER X - THE PUBLIC SERVICE

PART I - THE PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION

151. Establishment of Public Service Commission.

(1) There shall be a Public Service Commission which shall consist of a Chairman, not less than two and not more than four other members.

(2) The members of the Public Service Commission shall be appointed by the President, subject to the approval of Parliament.

(3) A person shall not be qualified to hold the office of a member of the Public Service Commission if he is a Member of Parliament, a Minister or a Deputy Minister, or if he holds or is acting in any public office.

(4) A person who has held office or who has acted as a member of the Public Service Commission shall not within a period of three years commencing with the date on which he last so held office or acted, be eligible for appointment to any office, power to make appointments to which is vested by this Constitution in the Public Service Commission.

(5) The office of a member of the Public Service Commission, unless he sooner resigns or dies. shall become vacant -

(a) at the expiration of a period of five years from the date of his appointment or such shorter period not being less than three years as may be specified at the time of his appointment;

(b) if any circumstances arise that if he were not a member of the Commission would cause him to be disqualified for appointment as such:

Provided that a member of the Public Service Commission shall retire at the age of sixty-five years.

(6) A member of the Public Service Commission may be removed by the President for inability to discharge the functions of his office (whether arising from infirmity of mind or body or from any other cause) or for misconduct.

(7) Whenever the office of a member of the Public Service Commission is vacant or a member is for any reason unable to perform the functions of his office, the President may appoint a person who is qualified for appointment as a member of the Commission, and any person so appointed shall, subject to the provisions of paragraph (b) of subsection (5), continue to act until his appointment is revoked by the President.

(8) A member of the Public Service Commission shall, before assuming the functions of his office, take and subscribe before the President the oath as set out in Third Schedule to this Constitution.

152. Appointments, etc. of public officers.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the power to appoint persons to hold or act in offices in the public service (including power to make appointments on promotion and to confirm appointments) and to dismiss and to exercise disciplinary control over persons holding or acting in such offices shall vest in the Public Service Commission.

(2) The President may, subject to such conditions as he may think fit, delegate any of his functions relating to the making of appointments, including power to make appointments on promotion and to confirm appointments, by directions in writing to the Public Service Commission or to a committee thereof or to any member of the Commission or to any public officer.

(3) Before the Public Service Commission appoints to any public office any person holding or acting in any office, the power to make appointments to which is not vested in the Public Service Commission, it shall consult the person or authority in whom that power is vested.

(4) The Public Service Commission shall, upon request made to it by any person or authority having power to make an appointment to an office under this Constitution or in any other public institution, make recommendations to that person or authority for the appointment of any public officer or any other person to any office, the power to make appointment to which is vested by this Constitution or any other law in that person. authority or public institution.

(5) The power to transfer persons holding or acting in offices in the public service from one department of Government to another shall, where such transfer does not involve promotion vest in the Public Service Commission.

(6) The provisions of this section shall not apply in relation to any of the following offices -

(a) the office of any Justice of the Supreme Court or of the Court of Appeal or a Judge of the High Court;

(b) the office of the Director of Public Prosecutions;

(c) the office of Auditor-General;

(d) any office to which section 141 (which relates to offices within the jurisdiction of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission) applies;

(e) any office to which section 153 (which relates to the offices of Ambassadors and certain offices) applies;

(f) any office to which section 154 (which relates to the offices of Permanent Secretaries and certain other offices) applies; and

(g) any office the remuneration of which is calculated on a daily rate:

Provided that the power of transfer vested in the Public Service Commission under subsection (5) may be exercised in the case of persons holding any of the offices specified in this subsection where such persons express their consent in writing to such transfer.

(7) No appointment shall be made under this section to any office on the personal staff of the President or the Vice-President, unless be signifies his personal approval of the appointment.

(8) The Public Service Commission shall not dismiss or inflict any other punishment on a public officer on grounds of any act dose or omitted to be done by that officer in the exercise of a judicial function conferred upon him, unless the Judicial and Legal Service Commission concurs therein.

(9) No member of the Public Service shall be -

(a) victimised or discriminated against directly or indirectly for having discharged his duties faithfully in accordance with this Constitution, or

(b) dismissed or removed from office or reduced in rank or otherwise punished without just cause.

(10) The Public Service Commission may, with the prior approval of the President, make regulations by constitutional instrument for the effective and efficient performance of its functions under this Constitution or any other law, and may, with such prior approval and subject to such conditions as it may think fit, delegate any of its powers under this section by directions in writing to any of its members or to any public officer.

(11) Save as is otherwise provided in this Constitution, the Public Service Commission shall not be subject to the control or direction of any other person or authority in the performance of its functions under this Constitution or any other law.

153. Appointment of the Principal representatives of Sierra Leone abroad, Armed Forces Commanders and Inspector-General of Police.

(1) The power to appoint persons to hold or act in the office to which this section applies (including the power to transfer from one office to another and to confirm appointments) and to remove Persons so appointed from any such office shall vest in the President.

(2) The offices to which this section applies are the offices of Ambassadors, High Commissioners or other principal representative of Sierra Leone abroad, the Commanders of the Armed Forces and the Inspector-General of Police:

Provided that the appointment to these offices shall be subject to the approval of Parliament.

154. Appointment of Permanent Secretaries and certain other officers.

(1) The power to appoint persons to hold or act in any of the offices to which this section applies (including the power to make appointments on promotion and transfer from one office to another and to confirm appointments) and to remove persons so appointed from any such office shall vest in the President acting in consultation with the Public Service Commission.

(2) The offices to which this section applies are the offices of Secretary to the Cabinet, Secretary to the Vice-President, Financial Secretary, Director-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Establishment Secretary, Development Secretary, Provincial Secretary and Permanent Secretary.

(3) Where any person holding an office mentioned in subsection (2) accepts another such office carrying higher remuneration, he shall, unless a contrary intention appears from the terms of his appointment, be deemed to have relinquished the office he was originally holding; where the second office does not carry higher remuneration, the question whether or not he shall be deemed to have relinquished the original office shall depend on the terms of his second appointment.

(4) Subject to the provisions of section 152 of this Constitution, where any person has been removed under subsection (1) from any office specified in subsection (2) he may notwithstanding such removal -

(a) remain in the Public Service;

(b) continue to receive a salary not less then the salary he received before such removal; and

(c) continue to be eligible for any benefits granted to him in respect of his service as a public officer, including benefits payable under any law providing for the grant of pensions, gratuities or both,

unless by such removal he ceases to be a member of the Public Service.

PART II - THE POLICE FORCE

155. Establishment of the Sierra Leone Police Force.

(1) There shall be a Police Force of Sierra Leone, the Head of which shall be the Inspector-General of Police.

(2) No person shall raise any police force except by or under the authority of an Act of Parliament.

(3) No member of the Police Force shall hold office as President, Vice-President, Minister or Deputy Minister, or be qualified for election as a Member of Parliament whilst he remains a member of the Police Force.

156. Establishment of Police Council.

(1) There shall be established a Police Council which shall consist of -

(a) the Vice-President who shall be Chairman;

(b) the Minister of Internal Affairs;

(c) the Inspector-General of Police;

(d) the Deputy Inspector-General of Police;

(e) the Chairman of the Public Service Commission;

(f) a Member of the Sierra Leone Bar Association who shall be a legal practitioner of not less than ten years standing as a practising Barrister, and shall be nominated by that body and appointed by the President;

(g) two other members appointed by the President, subject to the approval of Parliament.

(2) Every member of the Police Council shall take and subscribe the oath as set out in the Third Schedule to this Constitution.

(3) The Permanent Secretary of the Ministry responsible for matters relating to the Police shall be Secretary to the Council.

157. Appointments in the Police Force.

(1) The Inspector-General shall be appointed by the President acting on the advice of the Police Council, subject to the approval of Parliament.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, the power to appoint persons to hold or act in an office in the Police Force from the rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police and above, excluding the Inspector-General of Police, (including the power to make appointments on promotion and to confirm appointments), and to dismiss, reduce in rank and to exercise disciplinary control over persons holding or acting in such offices shall vest in the Police Council.

(3) The power to appoint persons to hold or act in any office in the Police Force below the rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police, (including the power to make appointments on promotion and to confirm appointments), and to dismiss, reduce in rank and to exercise disciplinary control over persons holding or acting in such offices shall vest in the Police Council acting on the recommendation of the Inspector-General of Police.

(4) Subject to the provisions of this section and to the control and direction of the Police Council, the Inspector-General of Police shall be responsible for the operational control and administration of the Police Force.

158. Functions of Police Council.

(1) The Police Council shall advise the President on all major matters of policy relating to internal security, including the role of the Police Force, Police budgeting and finance, administration and any other matter as the President shall require.

(2) The Police Council may, with the prior approval of the President, make regulations for the performance of its functions under this Constitution or any other law, and for the effective and efficient administration of the Police Force.

(3) Regulations made pursuant to the provisions of subsection (2) shall include regulations in respect of -

(a) the control and administration of the Police Force of Sierra Leone;

(b) the ranks of officers and men of each unit of the Police Force, the members in each such rank and the use of uniforms by such members;

(c) the conditions of service, including those relating to enrolment and to pay, pensions, gratuities and other allowances of officers and men of each unit and deductions therefrom;

(d) the authority and powers of command of officers and men of the Police Force; and

(e) the delegation to other persons of powers of commanding officers to discipline accused persons, and the conditions subject to which such delegation may be made.

PART III - RESIGNATIONS, RE-APPOINTMENTS AND PROTECTION OF PENSION RIGHTS OF PUBLIC OFFICERS HOLDING ESTABLISHED OFFICES

159. Resignation and effect of new appointment of a person holding an established office.

(1) Any person who is appointed or elected to, or otherwise selected for, any office established by this Constitution, including the office of Vice-President, Member of the Cabinet, Minister or Deputy Minister, may resign from that office by writing under his hand addressed to the person or authority by whom he was appointed, elected or selected:

Provided that in the case of the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker his resignation from office shall be addressed to Parliament and in the case of a Member of Parliament his resignation from parliament shall be addressed to the Speaker.

(2) The resignation of any person from any such office as referred to in subsection (1) shall take effect, where no date is specified, when the writing signifying the resignation is received by the person or authority to whom it is addressed or by ally person authorised by that person or authority to receive it.

160. Re-appointment, etc.

(1) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution, where any person has vacated any office established by this Constitution he may, if qualified, again be appointed elected, or otherwise selected to hold that office.

(2) Where by this Constitution a power is conferred upon any person or authority to make any appointment to any public office, a person may be appointed to that office notwithstanding that some other person may be holding that office, when that other person is on leave of absence pending relinquishment of the office; and where two or more persons are holding the same office by reason of an appointment made in pursuance of this subsection then for the purposes of any function conferred upon the holder of that office the person last appointed shall be deemed to be the sole holder of the office.

161. Protection of pension rights.

(1) The law applicable to any benefits to which this section applies shall, in relation to any person who has been granted, or who is eligible for the grant of such benefits, be that in force on the relevant date or any later law that is not less favourable to that person.

(2) In this section "the relevant date" means -

(a) in relation to any benefits granted before the twenty-seventh day of April, 1961, the date on which those benefits were granted;

(b) in relation to any benefits granted on or after the twenty-seventh day of April. 1961, to or in respect of any person who was a public officer before that date, the twenty-sixth day of April, 1961; and

(c) in relation to any benefits granted or to be granted to or in respect of any person who becomes a public officer on or after the twenty-seventh day of April, 1961, the date on which he becomes a public officer.

(3) Where a person is entitled to exercise an option as to which of two or more laws shall apply in his case, the law specified by him in exercising the option shall, for the purposes of this section, be deemed to be more favourable to him than the other law or law.

(4) Any benefit to which this section applies (not being a benefit that is a charge upon some other public fund of Sierra Leone) shall be a charge upon the Consolidated Fund or upon such other Special Fund, whether contributory or non-contributory, as Parliament may prescribe.

(5) This section applies to any benefits payable under any law providing for the grant of pensions, gratuities or compensation to persons who are or have been public officers in respect of their service in the public service or to the widows, children, dependants or personal representatives of such persons in respect of such service.

(6) References to the law applicable to any benefits to which this section applies includes (without prejudice to their generality) references to any law relating to the time at which and the manner in which any person may retire in older to become eligible for those benefits.

(7) Notwithstanding any law or custom to the contrary, it shall be lawful for Parliament to enact that a person shall not be entitled to a benefit under this section, unless he has contributed to a specified Fund created for the purpose.

PART IV - POWER AND PROCEDURE OF COMMISSIONS AND COUNCILS, AND LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

162. Power of Commissions in relation to the grant of pensions.

(1) Where any benefits to which this section applies can be withheld, reduced in amount or suspended by any law, those benefits shall not be so withheld, reduced in amount or suspended -

(a) in the case of benefits which have been granted in respect of service in the public service of any person who at the time when he ceased to be a public-officer was subject to the jurisdiction of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission or for which any person may be eligible in respect of such service, without the approval of that Commission; or

(b) in any other case, without the approval of the Public Service Commission or the appropriate Council, as the case may be.

(2) No benefits to which this section applies that have been granted to or in respect of any person who is or has been a Judge of the High Court, a justice of Appeal or of the Supreme Court, or a former Judge of the Supreme Court or for which any such person or his widow, children, dependants or personal representatives may be eligible, shall be withheld, reduced in amount or suspended on the ground that that person has been guilty of misconduct or misbehaviour unless that person has been removed from judicial office by reason of such misconduct or misbehaviour.

(3) This section applies to any benefits payable under any law providing for the grant of pensions, gratuities or compensation to persons who are or have been public officers in respect of their service in the public service or to the widows, children, dependants or personal representatives of such persons in respect of such service whether on a contributory or non-contributory basis.

163. Power and procedure of Commissions.

(1) Any Commission or Council established by this Constitution may, with the consent of the President and subject to the provisions of subsection (2), by regulation or otherwise regulate its own procedure and, confer or delegate powers or impose duties on any authority of the Government for the purpose of the discharge of its functions.

(2) At any meeting of any Commission or Council established by this Constitution a quorum shall be constituted if three members are present; and if a quorum i present the Commission or Council shall not be disqualified for the transaction of business by reason of any vacancy among its members and any proceedings of the Commission or Council shall be valid notwithstanding that some person who was not entitled to do so took part therein.

164. Protection of Commissions from legal proceedings.

The question whether -

(a) any Commission or Council established by this Constitution has validly performed any function vested in it by or under this Constitution:

(b) any member of such a Commission or Council or any other person has validly performed any functions delegated to such member or person in pursuance of the provisions of subsection (1) of section 163 or, as the case may be, subsection (10) of section 152, or

(c) any member of such a Commission or Council or any other person or authority has validly performed any other function in relation to the work of the Commission or Council or in relation to any such function as is referred to in paragraph (b), shall not be inquired into in any Court.

CHAPTER XI - THE ARMED FORCES

165. Establishment of the Armed Forces.

(1) There shall be the Armed Forces of Sierra Leone which shall consist of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force, and such other branches for which provision is made by Parliament.

(2) The principal function of the Armed Forces shall be to guard and secure the Republic of Sierra Leone and preserve the safety and territorial integrity of the State, to participate in its development, to safeguard the people's achievements and to protect this Constitution.

(3) No member of the Armed Force shall hold office as President, Vice-President, Minister or Deputy Minister, or be qualified for election as a Member of Parliament whilst he remains a member of the Armed Forces.

166. Prohibition of private armed forces.

No person shall raise any armed force except by or under the authority of an Act of Parliament.

167. Establishment of Defence Council.

(1) There shall be established a Defence Council which shall consist of -

(a) the President, who shall be Chairman;

(b) the Vice-President;

(c) the Minister responsible for Defence;

(d) the Chief of Defence Staff;

(e) the Commanders of the Armed Forces (Army, Navy and Air Force) and their deputies;

(f) the Minister of Internal Affairs;

(g) two other persons as the President shall from time to time appoint.

(2) Every member of the Defence Council shall take and subscribe the oath as set out in the Third Schedule to this Constitution.

(3) The Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Defence shall be the Secretary to the Council.

168. Appointments in the Armed Force.

(1) The President, acting on the advice of the Defence Council, shall appoint the Chief of Defence Staff of the Armed Forces.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this section and to the control or directives of the Defence Council the Chief of Defence Staff and the Commanders of the Armed Forces shall be responsible for the operational control and the administration of the Armed Forces as a whole.

169. Functions of the Defence Council.

(1) The Defence Council shall advise the President on all major matters of policy relating to defence and strategy including the role of the Armed Forces, military budgeting and finance, administration and the promotion of officers above the rank of Lieutenant or its equivalent.

(2) The Defence Council may, with the prior approval of the President, make regulations for the performance of its functions under this Constitution or any other law, and for the effective and efficient administration of the Armed Forces.

(3) Regulations made pursuant to the provisions of subsection (2) shall include regulations in respect of -

(a) the control and administration of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force of Sierra Leone;

(b) the ranks of officers and men of each Armed Force, the members in each such rank and the use of uniforms by such men;

(c) the conditions of service, including those relating to the enrolment and to the pay, pensions, gratuities and other allowances of officers and men of each Armed Force and deductions therefrom;

(d) the authority and powers of command of officers and men of each Armed Force; and

(e) the delegation to other persons of powers of commanding officers to try accused persons, and the conditions subject to which such delegation may be made.

CHAPTER XII - THE LAWS OF SIERRA LEONE

170. The Laws of Sierra Leone.

(1) The laws of Sierra Leone shall comprise -

(a) this Constitution;

(b) laws made by or under the authority of Parliament as established by this Constitution;

(c) any orders, rules, regulations and other statutory instruments made by any person or authority pursuant to a power conferred in that behalf by this Constitution or any other law;

(d) the existing law; and

(e) the common law.

(2) The common law of Sierra Leone shall comprise the rules of law generally known as the common law, the rules of law generally known as the doctrines of equity, and the rules of customary law including those determined by the Superior Court of Judicature.

(3) For the purposes of this section the expression "customary law" means the rules of law which by custom are applicable to particular communities in Sierra Leone.

(4) The existing law shall, save as otherwise provided in subsection (1), comprise the written and unwritten laws of Sierra Leone as they existed immediately before the date of the coming into force of this Constitution and any statutory instrument issued or made before that date which is to come into force on or after that date.

(5) Subject to the provisions of this section, the operation of the existing laws after the coming into force of this Constitution shall not be affected by such commencement; and accordingly the existing law shall be construed with such modifications, adaptations, qualifications and exceptions as may be necessary to bring it into conformity with the provisions of this Constitution or otherwise to give effect to or enable effect to be given to any changes effected by this Constitution.

(6) Every statutory instrument shall be published in the Gazette not later than twenty-eight days after it is made or, in the case of a statutory instrument which will not have the force of law unless it is approved by some person or authority other than the person or authority by which it is made, not later than twenty-eight days after it is approved, and if it is not so published it shall be void from the date on which it was made.

(7) Any orders, rules or regulations made by any person or authority pursuant to a power conferred in that behalf by this Constitution or any other law -

(a) shall be laid before Parliament;

(b) shall be published in the Gazette on or before the day they are so laid before Parliament;

(c) shall come into force at the expiration of a period of twenty-one days of being so laid unless Parliament, before the expiration of the said period of twenty-one days, annuls any such orders, rules or regulations by the votes of not less than two-thirds of the Members of Parliament.

CHAPTER XIII - MISCELLANEOUS

171. Interpretation.

(1) In this Constitution unless a contrary intention appears -

"Chiefdom Council" means a Chiefdom Council constituted under the Chiefdom Councils Act (Cap. 61.);

"Commission of Inquiry" includes a committee of inquiry;

"constitutional Instrument" means an instrument made under a power conferred in that behalf by this Constitution;

"Court" means any court of law in Sierra Leone including a court martial;

"law" includes -

(a) any instrument having the force of law made in exercise of a power conferred by law;

(b) customary law and any other unwritten rules of law;

"Local Court" means a Court established by or under the Local Courts Act, 1963;

"Oath" includes an affirmation;

"The President" means the President of the Republic;

"Public Emergency" includes any period during which -

(a) Sierra Leone is at war; or

(b) there is in force a Proclamation issued by the President under subsection (1) of section 29; or

(c) there is in force a Resolution of Parliament made under subsection (3) of section 29;

"public office" includes an office the emoluments attaching to which are paid directly from the Consolidated Fund or directly out of moneys provided by Parliament;

"public officer" means a person holding or acting in a public office;

"public service" means, subject to the provision of subsections (3) and (4), service of the Government of Sierra Leone in a civil capacity aria includes such service in respect of the Government existing in Sierra Leone prior to the twenty-seventh day of April, 1961;

"Session" means the sittings of Parliament when it first meets after the commencement of this Constitution or after the prorogation or dissolution of Parliament at any time and ending when Parliament is prorogued or dissolved without having been prorogued;

"Sierra Leone" means the territory more particularly described in the First Schedule;

"Statutory Instrument" means any proclamation, regulation, order, rule or other instrument (not being an Act of Parliament) having the force of law;

"the Sierra Leone Police" means the Police Force established under the Police Act, 1964;

"sitting" means a period during which Parliament is sitting continuously without adjournment including any period during which Parliament is in committee.

(2) In this Constitution unless a contrary intention appears -

(a) words importing male persons shall include female persons and corporations;

(b) words in the singular shall include the plural, and words in the plural shall include the singular;

(c) where a word is defined, other parts of speech and tenses of that word shall have corresponding meanings;

(d) words directing or empowering a public officer to do any act or thing, or otherwise applying to him by the designation of his office, shall include his successors in office and all his deputies or all other assistants;

(e) words directing or empowering a Minister to do an act or thing or otherwise applying to him, by the designation of his office, shall include a Minister acting for him, or if the office is vacant a Minister designated to act in that office by or under the authority of an Act of Parliament and also his successors in office or all his deputies or other assistants.

(3) In this Constitution unless otherwise expressly provided "the public service" includes service in the office of Chief Justice, a Justice of the Supreme Court, Justice of Appeal, Judge of the High Court or of the former Supreme Court of in the office of Judge of any other court established by Parliament being an office the emoluments attaching to which are paid out of the Consolidated Fund or any other public fund of Sierra Leone and service in the office of a member of the Sierra Leone Police Force.

(4) in this Constitution "the public service" does not include service in the office of President, Vice-President, Speaker, Minister, Deputy Minister, Attorney-General and Minister of Justice, Deputy Speaker, Member of Parliament, or of any member of any Commission established by this Constitution, or any member of any council, board, panel, committee or other similar body (whether incorporated or not) established by or under any law, or in the office of an, Paramount Chief, Chiefdom Councillor or member of a Local Court.

(5) In this Constitution, unless a contrary intention appears -

(a) a reference to an appointment to any office shall be construed as including a reference to the appointment of a person to act in or perform the functions of that office; and

(b) a reference to the holder of an office by a term designating his office shall be construed as including a reference to any person for the time being lawfully acting in or performing the functions of that office.

(6) Where by this Constitution power is vested in any person or authority to appoint any person to act in or perform the functions of any office, if the holder thereof is himself unable to perform those functions, no such appointment shall be called in question on the ground that the holder of the office was not unable to perform those functions.

(7) In this Constitution and in any other law -

(a) the power to appoint any person to hold or to act in any office in the public service shall include the power to confirm appointments, to exercise disciplinary control over persons holding or acting in such offices and to reappoint or reinstate any person appointed in exercise of the power in question, unless such power is expressly or by necessary implication conferred upon some other person or authority by this Constitution.

(b) where a power is conferred or a duty is imposed on the holder of an office as such, the power may be exercised and the duty shall be performed by the person for the time being charged with the performance of the functions of his office.

(8) Reference in this Constitution to the power to remove a public officer from his office shall be construed as including references to any power conferred by any law to require or permit that officer to retire from the public service:

Provided that -

(a) nothing in this subsection shall be construed as conferring on any person or authority the power to require a Judge of the High Court, a Justice of Appeal or a Justice of the Supreme Court, the Solicitor-General, the Director of Public Prosecutions or the Auditor-General to retire from the public service; and

(b) any power conferred by any law to permit a person to retire from the public service shell, in the case of any public officer who may be removed from office by some person or authority other than a Commission, established by this Constitution, be vested in the Public Service Commission.

(9) In this Constitution, reference to a subsection, paragraph, sub-paragraph or item shall be construed as reference to a subsection, paragraph, sub-paragraph or item of the section, subsection, paragraph or sub-paragraph as the case may be in which the reference is made.

(10) Any provision in this Constitution that vests in any person or authority the power to remove any public officer from his office shall be without prejudice to the power of any person or authority to abolish any office or to any law providing for the compulsory retirement of public officers generally or any class of public officers on attaining an age specified by or under that law.

(11) Where any power -

(a) is conferred by this Constitution to make any order, regulation, rule or pass any resolution or give any direction or make any declaration or designation, it shall be deemed to include the power, exercisable in like manner and subject to the like conditions, if any, to amend or revoke any such order, regulation, rule, constitutional or statutory instrument, resolution, direction, declaration or designation as the case may be:

Provided that nothing in this subsection shall apply to the power to issue a certificate conferred by paragraph (b) of subsection (6) of section 50 of this Constitution.

(b) is given to any person or authority to do or enforce the doing of any act or thing, all such powers shall be deemed to be also given as are necessary to enable that person or authority to do or enforce the doing of the act or thing.

(12) For the purposes of this Constitution a person shall not be regarded as holding an office of emolument under the Government by reason only that he is in receipt of a pension or other like benefit in respect of service in an of cc under the Government.

(13) No provision of this Constitution that any person or authority shall not be subject to the direction or control of any other person or authority in exercising any functions under this Constitution shall be construed as precluding a Court from exercising Jurisdiction in relation to any question whether the person or authority has performed those functions in accordance with this Constitution or any other law.

(14) Where, under any provision of this Constitution, an person or authority is authorised or required to exercise any function after consultation with some other person or authority, the person or authority shall not be required to act in accordance with the advice of that other person or authority, and the question whether such consultation was made shall not be inquired into in any court.

(15) This Constitution shall be the supreme law of Sierra Leone and any other law found to be inconsistent with any provision of this Constitution shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void and of no effect.

172. Legislation.

(1) Any reference in this Constitution to a law made before 27th April, 1961, shall, unless the context otherwise requires, be construed as a reference to that law as it had effect immediately before the coming into effect of this Constitution.

(2) Any reference in this Constitution to a law that amends or replaces any other law or any provision of any other law shall be construed as including a reference to a law that modifies, re-enacts with or without amendment or modification, suspends, repeals, adds new provision, or makes different provisions in lieu of that other law or that provision.

(3) It is hereby declared that -

(a) any power to make laws conferred by this Constitution includes power to make laws having extra-territorial operation;

(b) any reference in this Constitution to the functions of the President includes reference to his functions as Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Republic;

(c) the functions of the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the Republic shall be such as may be prescribed by Parliament.

173. Consequential provisions.

The provisions of any Consequential Provisions Act made under this Constitution and of any Act relating to citizenship shall not be amended, repealed, re-enacted or replaced unless the Bill incorporating such amendments, repeal, re-enactment or replacement is supported at the final vote thereupon by the votes of not less than two-thirds of the Members of Parliament.

CHAPTER XIV - TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

174. Existing Constitution Act No. 12 of 1978.

In this Chapter "The existing Constitution" refers to the Constitution of Sierra Leone" 1978.

175. Effect of Transitional provisions.

The transitional provisions of this Constitution shall have effect notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this Constitution or any other law.

176. Existing Law.

In this Chapter, the expression "existing law" means any Act, rule, regulation, order or other such instrument made in pursuance of, or continuing in operation under, the existing Constitution and having effect as part of the laws of Sierra Leone or of any part thereof immediately before the commencement of this Constitution or any Act of the Parliament of the united Kingdom or Order of Her Majesty in Council so having effect and may he construed with such modifications, adaptations, qualifications and exceptions as may be necessary to bring it into conformity with this Constitution as if it had been made under this Constitution.

177. Application of Existing Law.

(1) The existing law shall, notwithstanding the repeal of the Constitution of Sierra Leone Act, 1978 (Act No. 12 of 1978.), have effect after the entry into force of this of Constitution as if they had been made in pursuance of this Constitution and shall be read and construed with such modifications, adaptations, qualifications and exceptions as may be necessary to bring them into conformity with this Constitution.

(2) Where any matter that falls to be prescribed or otherwise provided for under this Constitution by Parliament or by any other authority or person is prescribed or provided for by or under an existing law (including any amendment to any such law made under this section), or is otherwise prescribed or provided for immediately before the commencement of this Constitution by or under the existing Constitution, that prescription or provision shall, as from the commencement of this Constitution have effect with such modifications, adaptations, qualifications and exceptions as may be necessary to bring it into conformity with this Constitution as if it had been made under this Constitution by Parliament or, as the case may require, by the other authority or person.

(3) Subject to the approval of Parliament, the President may, by order made after the commencement of this Constitution but before the dissolution of Parliament under this Constitution make such amendments to any existing law as may appear to him to be necessary or expedient for bringing that law into conformity with the provisions of this Constitution on or otherwise for giving effect or enabling effect to tee given to the provisions of this Constitution.

(4) The provisions of this section shall be without prejudice to any powers conferred by this Constitution or by any other law upon any person or authority to make provision for any matter, including the amendment or repeal of any existing law.

178. Preservation of existing offices.

(1) Where any office has been established by or under the existing Constitution or any existing law, and this Constitution establishes or provides for the establishment of a similar or at equivalent office including the office of President, Vice-President, Minister, Member of the Cabinet, Attorney-General and Minister of Justice, Deputy Minister or any person who, immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, holds or is acting in the former office shall, so far as is consistent with the provisions of this Constitution, be deemed as from the commencement of this Constitution to have been appointed, elected or otherwise selected to hold or act in the latter office in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution:

Provided that -

(a) any person who under the existing Constitution or any existing law would have been required to vacate his office at the expiration of any period or on the attainment of any age shall vacate his office at the expiration of that period or on the attainment of that age;

(b) no alteration made in the functions powers or duties of any office by this Constitution shall entitle the holder thereof for the purpose of any law with respect to pensions benefits to be treated as if his office had been abolished.

(2) The person who holds the office of President of the Republic of Sierra Leone immediately before the coming into force of this Constitution shall continue to be the President of the Republic of Sierra Leone after the commencement of this Constitution until the first Presidential election is held under this Constitution:

Provided that the period served after the commencement of this Constitution shall not count as a term or part of a term for the purposes of subsection (1) of section 46.

(3) The offices of Vice-Presidents under the existing Constitution shall remain in force until the first dissolution of Parliament under this Constitution.

(4) Any person who, by virtue of this section is deemed as from the commencement of this Constitution to have been appointed, elected or otherwise selected to hold or act in any office shall also be deemed as from the commencement of this Constitution to have been appointed, elected or otherwise selected to hold or act in that office, and shall also be deemed to have taken and subscribed any necessary oath under this Constitution.

(5) Transitional.

The High Court of Justice established under the provisions of subsection (4) of section 120 of this Constitution shall be the successor to the High Court in being immediately before the coming into force of this Constitution.

(6) The Court of Appeal established under the provisions of subsection (4) of section 120 of this Constitution shall be the successor to the Court of Appeal in being immediately before the coming into force of this Constitution; and accordingly the Court of Appeal as established by this Constitution shall be bound to follow the decisions on questions of law binding on the Court of Appeal as it existed immediately before the coming into force of this Constitution.

(7) The Supreme Court established under the provisions of subsection (4) of section 120 of this Constitution shall be the successor to the Supreme Court in being immediately before the coming into force of this Constitution.

(8) The persons who immediately before the entry into force of this Constitution were Justices of the Supreme Court, or Justices of the Court of Appeal, Judges of the High Court established under Chapter VI of the existing Constitution shall be deemed to have been appointed respectively Justices of the Supreme Court, Justices of the Court of appeal and Judges of the High Court established by this Constitution.

(9) The person who immediately before the entry into force of this Constitution held the office of Chief Justice of the Judiciary established under sections 100 and 101 of the existing Constitution shall be deemed to have been appointed Chief Justice, and a Justice of the Supreme Court under this Constitution.

(10) A person who is a member of the Public Service Commission established by the existing Constitution may, notwithstanding that by reason of his having held or been nominated for election to any office before the coming, into effect of this Constitution, he is disqualified to be appointed as a member of the Public Service Commission established by this Constitution, continue in office under this section as a member of that Commission and be re-appointed thereto upon the expiration of his term of office.

(11) In this Chapter, "pensions benefits" means any pensions, compensations, gratuity, or other like allowances for the holder of that office in respect of his service as a public officer or for the widow, children, dependants or personal representative of such holder in respect of such service, whether or not accruing from a contributory basis.

(12) Reference in this Chapter to the law with respect to pensions benefits includes, without prejudice to their generality, references to the law regulating the circumstances in which such benefits may be granted or in which the grant of such benefits may be refused, the law regulating the circumstances in which any such benefits that have been granted may be withheld, reduced in amount or suspended, and the law regulating the amount of any such benefits.

(13) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Constitution to the contrary, any Commission or Committee of Inquiry in existence immediately before the coming into force of this Constitution may continue in existence until the submission of its report or otherwise dissolved according to law.

179. Existing Parliament.

(1) The Parliament constituted by the existing Constitution (hereinafter referred to as "the existing Parliament") shall be deemed to be the Parliament at the commencement of this Constitution and the existing Members shall be deemed Members thereof and the said Parliament shall stand dissolved not later than twelve months after the commencement of this Constitution.

(2) The Constituencies into which Sierra Leone was divided immediately before the commencement of this Constitution and until other provision is made in that behalf in accordance with this Constitution shall be deemed to be the Constituencies into which Sierra Leone is divided in pursuance of section 38 of this Constitution; and the persons who immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, are the elected Members of the existing Parliament representing these constituencies shall be deemed as from the commencement of this Constitution to have been elected to Parliament in accordance with provisions of this Constitution as the elected Members representing the respective constituencies corresponding to those constituencies and shall hold their seats in accordance with the provisions of subsection (1).

(3) The registers of voters having effect immediately before the commencement of this Constitution for the purposes of elections to the existing Parliament shall, as from the commencement of this Constitution, have effect as if they have been compiled in pursuance of this Constitution.

(4) The persons who, immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, are Members of Parliament appointed by the President pursuant to the provisions in paragraph (c) of subsection (1) of section 43 of the existing Constitution, shall be deemed as from the commencement of this Constitution to be Members of Parliament until the dissolution of Parliament in accordance with the provisions of subsection (1) of this Constitution.

(5) The persons who, immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, are the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the existing Parliament shall be deemed as from the commencement of this Constitution to have been elected as Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Parliament in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution and shall hold office in accordance with those provisions.

(6) Until Parliament otherwise provides, any person who holds or acts in any office, the holding of which would under the existing law be a disqualification for election to Parliament, shall be deemed not to be so disqualified as though provisions in that behalf had been made in pursuance of this Constitution.

(7) The Standing Orders of the existing Parliament as in force immediately before the commencement of this Constitution shall until it is otherwise provided by Parliament, be the Standing Orders of Parliament, but they shall be construed with such modifications, adaptations, qualifications and exceptions as may be necessary to bring them into conformity with this Constitution.

(8) Any person who, by virtue of this section, is deemed as from the commencement of this Constitution to have been elected as Speaker or any other Member of Parliament shall be deemed to have taken and subscribed any necessary oath under this Constitution.

180. Delegated Powers and inquiries.

(1) Any power that immediately before the commencement of this Constitution is vested in an existing public service authority (that is to say, for example, the President or the Public Service Commission) established by the existing Constitution, and that, under the existing Constitution, is then delegated to some other person or authority shall, as from the commencement of this Constitution and so far as is consistent with the provisions of this Constitution, be deemed to have been delegated to such person or authority in accordance with those provisions.

(2) Any matter that, immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, is pending before an existing public service authority shall, so far as is consistent with the provisions of this Constitution, be continued before the corresponding public service authority established by this Constitution, and any matter that, immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, is pending before a person or authority to whom power to deal with that matter has been delegated by an existing public service authority shall, so far as is consistent with the provisions of this Constitution, be continued before the person or authority to whom that power was delegated:

Provided that, where the hearing of a disciplinary proceeding has begun but has not been completed immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, the continued hearing shall not be held before any person unless the bearing that has already taken place was also held before him; and where, by virtue of this provision, the hearing cannot be continued it shall be recommenced.

181. Continuation of matters.

Where any matter or thing has been commenced before the coming into force of this Constitution by any person or authority having power in that behalf under the existing law, that matter or thing may be carried on and completed by the person or authority having power in that behalf on or after such commencement and it shall not be necessary for any such person or authority to commence any such matter or thing de novo.

182. Legal proceedings.

Subject to the provisions of sections 183 and 184 legal proceedings pending immediately before the coming into force of this Constitution before any Court, including civil proceedings by or against the Government, shall not be affected by the coming into force of this Constitution and may be continued accordingly.

183. Appeals.

(1) Any proceedings pending immediately before the entry into force of this Constitution before the existing High Court or an, proceedings on appeal from that Court so pending before the existing Court of Appeal or any proceedings on appeal from the Court of Appeal before the Supreme Court may be continued after the entry into force of this Constitution before the High Court or the Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court established by this Constitution as the case may be.

184. Jurisdiction of Courts.

(1) On and after the 14th day of June, 1978, no Court having jurisdiction under the laws of Sierra Leone shall, by virtue of the Colonial and Other Territories (Divorce Jurisdiction) Act, 1926 to 1950, have jurisdiction to make a decree for the dissolution of a marriage, or as incidental thereto to make an order as to any matter, unless proceedings for the decree were instituted before the commencement of this Constitution.

(2) Except as provided by subsection (1) and subject to any provision to the contrary which may be made on or after the commencement of this Constitution by or under any law made by any legislature established for Sierra Leone, all courts having jurisdiction under the laws of Sierra Leone shall on and after that day have the same jurisdiction under the said Acts as they would have had if this Constitution had not been passed.

(3) The reference in subsection (1) to proceedings for the dissolution of a marriage includes references to proceedings for such a decree of presumption of death and dissolution of marriage as is authorised by section 1 of the Matrimonial Causes Act, 1950.

185. Finance.

The Public Funds known as the Consolidated Fund and the Contingencies Fund established by the existing Constitution shall respectively continue in being as the Consolidated Fund and the Contingencies Fund established respectively by sections 111 and 116 of this Constitution.

186. Financial Authorisation.

Every payment required or authorised to be made out of a Public Fund under any law in force immediately before the commencement of this Constitution is hereby charged on that Fund.

187. Official, Seals, etc.

The Public Seal, the seals of the High Court the Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court, together with any duplicates thereof and any other official seal, as well as any prescribed forms in use under any law in force immediately before the commencement of this Constitution may be employed on and after that date by the corresponding authorities under any law in force at the said commencement and contained in the existing law.

188. Continuation of Police Forces. Act No. 7 of 1964.

The Sierra Leone Police Force established by the Police Act, 1964 and in being immediately before the commencement of this Constitution shall continue in being thereafter and be deemed to be the police Force of the Republic of Sierra Leone and any law in force immediately before the commencement of this Constitution in relation to the said Police Force shall have effect accordingly.

189. Continuation of the Military Forces. Act No. 34 of 1961.

The Republic of Sierra Leone Military Forces established by the Sierra Leone Military Forces Act, 1961 in being immediately before the commencement of this Constitution shall continue in being thereafter and be deemed to be the Military Forces of the Republic of Sierra Leone, and any law in force immediately before the commencement of this Constitution in relation to the said Military Forces shall have effect accordingly.

190. Repeal of Act No. 12 of 1978 and Savings.

The Constitution of Sierra Leone, 1978 is hereby repealed in so far as it affects the laws of Sierra Leone:

Provided that notwithstanding such repeal, all laws made by virtue of any authority therein contained shall remain in full force and effect to the same extent as if that Constitution had not been repealed.

191. Reprint.

The President may within a period of three years from the coming into force of this Constitution cause these provisions to be reprinted and published without transitional provisions in this Constitution.

192. Commencement of Act No. 6 of 1991.

This Act shall come into operation on the 1st day of October, 1991, following the issuance of a certificate by the Speaker in the form set out in the Fourth Schedule that the provisions of section 55 of the existing Constitution have been complied with.

FIRST SCHEDULE TERRITORY OF SIERRA LEONE

The area in West Africa lying between the sixth and tenth degrees of north latitude and the tenth and fourteenth degrees of west longitude and bounded on the north by the boundary line delimited under the provisions of the Anglo-French Convention dated the twenty-first day of June, 1882, the Anglo-French Agreement dated the twenty-first day of January, 1995, and the notes exchanged between His Britannic Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and the Ambassador of the French Republic. and dated the sixth day of July 1911, and on the South by the Anglo-Liberian boundary line delimited under the provisions of the Anglo-Liberian Conventions dated the eleventh day of November, 1885, and the twenty-first day of January, 1911.

SECOND SCHEDULE PRESIDENT'S OATH

"I do hereby (in the name of God swear) (solemnly affirm) that I will at all times well and truly discharge the duties of the office of the President of the Republic of Sierra Leone according to law, that I will preserve, support, upheld, maintain and defend the Constitution of the Republic of Sierra Leone as by law established, and that I will do right to all manner of people according to law, without fear or favour, affection or ill-will. (So help me God.)

THIRD SCHEDULE

Oath of the Vice-President, Ministers and Deputy Ministers, Attorney-General and Minister of Justice, Secretary to the President, Secretary to the Cabinet, Solicitor-General, Director of Public Prosecutions, Members of the Electoral Commission, the Speaker, Members of Parliament, Auditor-General, Members of the Public Service Commission, The Chief Justice and Judges of the Superior Court of Judicature, Members of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission, Members of the Police Council, Members of the Defence Council.

"I do hereby (in the name of God swear) (solemnly affirm) that I will faithfully and truly discharge the duties of the office of of the Republic of Sierra Leone, and that I will support, uphold and maintain the Constitution of Sierra Leone as by law established. (So help me God.)

OATH OF THE SPEAKER

"I do hereby (in the name of God swear) (solemnly affirm) that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Republic of Sierra Leone as by law established; that I will faithfully and conscientiously discharge my duties as Speaker of Parliament, and that I will do right to all manner of people in accordance with the Constitution of Sierra Leone and uphold the Laws and customs of Parliament without fear or favour, affection or ill-will. (So help me God.)

OATH OF MEMBER OF PARLIAMENT

"I having been elected a Member of Parliament do hereby (in the name of God swear) (solemnly affirm) that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the Republic of Sierra Leone as by law established; that I will uphold and defend the Constitution of Sierra Leone, and that I will faithfully and conscientiously discharge the duties of a Member of Parliament. (So help me God.)

THE JUDICIAL OATH

"I do hereby (in the name of God swear) (solemnly affirm) that I will faithfully and truly discharge the duties of the office of and that I will support and uphold the Constitution of Sierra Leone as by Law established, and that I will do right to all manner of people after the laws and usages of Sierra Leone without fear or favour, affection or ill-will. (So help me God.)

FOURTH SCHEDULE DECLARATION OF COMPLIANCE

I WILLIAM NIAKA STEPHEN CONTEH, Officer of the Order of the Republic of Sierra Leone, Speaker of the Parliament of Sierra Leone, do hereby certify that a Bill entitled "THE CONSTITUTION OF SIERRA LEONE, 1991" was first introduced by the Honourable ABDULAI OSMAN CONTEH, Officer of the Order of the Republic of Sierra Leone, Attorney-General and Minister of Justice of Sierra Leone in the Fifth Session of the Third Parliament of Sierra Leone on the 4th day of June, 1991, then passed the First Reading, the Second Reading and the Committee Stage (with certain amendments made thereto) and that on the 1st day of July 1991 the said Honourable ABDULAI OSMAN CONTEH, Officer of the Order of the Republic of Sierra Leone, Attorney-General and Minister of Justice of Sierra Leone, reported to the House that the Bill entitled "THE CONSTITUTION OF SIERRA LEONE, 1991" passed the House with certain amendments.

I further certify that on the 3rd day of August, 1991, the said Bill entitled "THE CONSTITUTION OF SIERRA LEONE, 1991" in accordance with the provisions of sub-section (3) of Section 55 of the Constitution of Sierra Leone, 1978 (Act No. 12 of 1978), has been submitted to and been approved at a Referendum conducted on the 23rd, 26th, 28th and 30th days of August, 1991 and been approved with the majority required under sub-section (4) of Section 55 of the Constitution of Sierra Leone, 1978.

I further certify that all the appropriate provisions of Section 55 of the Constitution of Sierra Leone, 1978 have been complied with and that the said Bill entitled "THE CONSTITUTION OF SIERRA LEONE, 1991" may therefore be submitted to His Excellency the President for his assent and signature.

GIVEN under my hand this 3rd day of September, 1991,

W. N. S. CONTEH, Speaker.

Passed in Parliament this 1st day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and ninety-one.

M. T. BETTS-PRIDDY,

Acting Clerk of Parliament.

THIS PRINTED IMPRESSION has been carefully compared by me with the Bill which has passed Parliament and found by me to be a true and correctly printed copy of the said Bill.

M. T. BETTS-PRIDDY,

Acting Clerk of Parliament.

PRINTED BY THE GOVERNMENT PRINTING DEPARTMENT, SIERRA LEONE GAZETTE EXTRAORDINARY No. 59 OF 25TH SEPTEMBER, 1991

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