Last Updated: Friday, 21 September 2018, 11:16 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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AFFAIRE M.A. c. FRANCE (Requête no 9373/15)

- the expulsion of the applicant, whose conviction for terrorist offences had been known to the Algerian authorities, had exposed him to a real and serious risk of treatment contrary to Article 3. - French authorities deliberately created a situation whereby the applicant would have great difficulty in submitting a request for an interim measure to the Court, and had lowered the level of protection under Article 3 of the Convention. - acutely aware of the extent of the danger posed to the community by terrorism and that it was legitimate for Contracting States to take a very firm stand against those who contributed to terrorist acts.

1 February 2018 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Legal Instrument: 1950 European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) | Topic(s): Expulsion - Terrorism - Torture | Countries: Algeria - France

Accompanied migrant minors in detention

January 2018 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

R.K. et autres c. France

12 July 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Children-at-risk - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions | Countries: France - Russian Federation

A.B. et autres c. France

12 July 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Children-at-risk - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions | Countries: Armenia - France

A.M. c. France

12 July 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Effective remedy - Illegal entry | Countries: France - Tunisia

R.M. et autres c. France

12 July 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Children-at-risk - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions | Countries: France - Russian Federation

A.M. et autres c. France

12 July 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Children-at-risk - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Prison or detention conditions | Countries: France - Russian Federation

R.C. et V.C. c. France

12 July 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Children-at-risk - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment - Immigration Detention - Prison or detention conditions | Countries: France - Romania

R.V. c. France

7 July 2016 | Judicial Body: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law | Topic(s): Chechen - Deportation / Forcible return - Freedom from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment | Countries: France - Russian Federation

Factsheet - Roma and Travellers

July 2016 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Country Reports

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