UN rights chief disturbed by Suriname amendment on immunity for violations
|Publisher||UN News Service|
|Publication Date||13 April 2012|
|Cite as||UN News Service, UN rights chief disturbed by Suriname amendment on immunity for violations, 13 April 2012, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4f97b41f2.html [accessed 22 October 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
"The High Commissioner believes this amendment to the law will deny most families of victims their rights to justice, truth and reparation," said Ms. Pillay's spokesperson, Rupert Colville, at a press conference in Geneva.
The new law extends the brief period covered by an earlier amnesty law to include any offences that took place between 1 April 1980 and 19 August 1992 "in the context of the defense of the State," preventing any future investigations on gross human rights violations committed between those dates.
According to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), one case which involves the former and current President Desi Bouterse may be affected, and could potentially be halted altogether.
Mr. Bouterse, along with 24 other people, is accused of taking part in the arrest of 15 prominent opposition leaders, including journalists, lawyers, and a trade union leader, in December 1982, and their subsequent summary execution.
"The High Commissioner sincerely hopes that steps are taken to reverse this legislation as soon as possible, since it clearly conflicts with Suriname's international obligations and very much runs against the positive trend in many other Latin American countries of prosecuting and, in many cases convicting, individuals responsible for serious crimes that took place during military dictatorships," Mr. Colville said.
According to international law, amnesties are not permissible if they prevent the prosecution of individuals who may be criminally responsible for international crimes, including war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocide and gross violations of human rights.