Côte d'Ivoire: IDPs' return deterred by renewed violence
|Publisher||Norwegian Refugee Council/Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (NRC/IDMC)|
|Publication Date||23 September 2011|
|Cite as||Norwegian Refugee Council/Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (NRC/IDMC), Côte d'Ivoire: IDPs' return deterred by renewed violence , 23 September 2011, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4e8051b32.html [accessed 12 March 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Ongoing intercommunal fighting has prevented hundreds of thousands of IDPs in Côte d'Ivoire from returning to their homes since they fled post-election violence in early 2011. Their unwillingness to return was reinforced by the killing of 23 villagers near the Liberian border on 15 September.
The rate of IDPs returning to the capital Abidjan or western areas had already slowed down since August, amid rumours of renewal of hostilities. The number of IDPs in sites fell by 58 per cent from June to August, but a third of the site closures in August were due to the eviction of residents. Many IDPs have continued to refuse to return, despite the very bad living conditions in the crowded camps.
Although members of ethnic groups who supported the outgoing President Laurent Gbagbo have been the main targets of attacks since President Alassane Ouattara took office in April, on this occasion former members of pro-Gbagbo militias crossed the border from Liberia to attack Ouattara-supporting villages. Together with Ivorian troops, ONUCI has reinforced its military presence on the Liberian border to prevent further attacks and strengthened its cooperation with the UN Mission in Liberia.