Last Updated: Wednesday, 26 November 2014, 15:45 GMT

European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union

To ensure that the law is enforced, understood and uniformly applied in all Member States, a judicial institution is essential. That institution is the Court of Justice of the European Communities. It is composed of three courts: the Court of Justice (created in 1952), the Court of First Instance (created in 1988) and the Civil Service Tribunal (created in 2004). The Court of Justice of the European Communities, together with the national courts, thus constitutes the European Community’s judiciary. The Court’s main task is to interpret Community law uniformly and to rule on its validity. It answers questions referred to it by the national courts, which play a vital role, as they apply Community law at local level. The judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Communities — together with the treaties, regulations, directives and decisions — make up Community law.  Website: curia.europa.eu/en/
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Opinion of Advocate General Sharpston: T. v Land Baden-Württemberg

11 September 2014 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Mehmet Arslan v Policie ČR, Krajské ředitelství policie Ústeckého kraje, odbor cizinecké policie (Police Force of the Czech Republic, Regional Police Directorate of the Ústí nad Labem Region, Foreigners Police Section)

30 May 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Mehmet Arslan contre Policie CR, Krajské reditelství policie Ústeckého kraje, odbor cizinecké policie (Conclusions de l'Avocat Général M. Melchior Wathelet)

31 January 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Murat Dereci and others v. Bundesministerium für Inneres

15 November 2011 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Bundesrepublik Deutschland v. B and D

9 November 2010 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Generalbundesanwalt beim Bundesgerichtshof v. E and F

29 June 2010 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Deniz Sahin v. Bundesminister für Inneres

19 December 2008 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

R (on the application of Veli Tum and Mehmet Dari) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department

20 September 2007 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

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