Last Updated: Thursday, 31 July 2014, 17:47 GMT

European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union

To ensure that the law is enforced, understood and uniformly applied in all Member States, a judicial institution is essential. That institution is the Court of Justice of the European Communities. It is composed of three courts: the Court of Justice (created in 1952), the Court of First Instance (created in 1988) and the Civil Service Tribunal (created in 2004). The Court of Justice of the European Communities, together with the national courts, thus constitutes the European Community’s judiciary. The Court’s main task is to interpret Community law uniformly and to rule on its validity. It answers questions referred to it by the national courts, which play a vital role, as they apply Community law at local level. The judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Communities — together with the treaties, regulations, directives and decisions — make up Community law.  Website: curia.europa.eu/en/
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MA, BT, DA v. Secretary of State for the Home Department

6 June 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

MA, BT, DA v. Secretary of State for the Home Department (Opinion of Advocate General Cruz Villalón)

21 February 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

MA, BT, DA v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Reference for a preliminary ruling from Court of Appeal (England & Wales) (Civil Division))

19 December 2011 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Salahadin Abdulla and Others v. Bundesrepublik Deutschland

2 March 2010 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Elgafaji v. Staatssecretaris van Justitie

17 February 2009 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Elgafaji v. Staatssecretaris van Justitie: Opinion of Advocate General

9 September 2008 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

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