Last Updated: Thursday, 27 November 2014, 13:39 GMT

European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union

To ensure that the law is enforced, understood and uniformly applied in all Member States, a judicial institution is essential. That institution is the Court of Justice of the European Communities. It is composed of three courts: the Court of Justice (created in 1952), the Court of First Instance (created in 1988) and the Civil Service Tribunal (created in 2004). The Court of Justice of the European Communities, together with the national courts, thus constitutes the European Community’s judiciary. The Court’s main task is to interpret Community law uniformly and to rule on its validity. It answers questions referred to it by the national courts, which play a vital role, as they apply Community law at local level. The judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Communities — together with the treaties, regulations, directives and decisions — make up Community law.  Website: curia.europa.eu/en/
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Request for a preliminary ruling from the Eparkhiako Dikastirio Larnakas (Cyprus) lodged on 18 August 2014 — Astinomikos Diefthintis Larnakas v Masoud Mehrabipari

18 August 2014 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Bundesrepublik Deutschland v. Kaveh Puid

14 November 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Fulmen and Mahmoudian v. Council

21 March 2012 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

N. S. (C 411/10) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department and M. E. (C 493/10) and others v. Refugee Applications Commissioner, Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform

21 December 2011 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Organisation des Modjahedines du peuple d'Iran v. Council

12 December 2006 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

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