Last Updated: Friday, 11 July 2014, 13:14 GMT

European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union

To ensure that the law is enforced, understood and uniformly applied in all Member States, a judicial institution is essential. That institution is the Court of Justice of the European Communities. It is composed of three courts: the Court of Justice (created in 1952), the Court of First Instance (created in 1988) and the Civil Service Tribunal (created in 2004). The Court of Justice of the European Communities, together with the national courts, thus constitutes the European Community’s judiciary. The Court’s main task is to interpret Community law uniformly and to rule on its validity. It answers questions referred to it by the national courts, which play a vital role, as they apply Community law at local level. The judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Communities — together with the treaties, regulations, directives and decisions — make up Community law.  Website: curia.europa.eu/en/
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Migrationsverket v. Nurije Kastrati, Valdrina Kastrati, Valdrin Kastrati (Reference for a preliminary ruling from the Kammarrätten i Stockholm, Migrationsöverdomstolen (Sweden)): Opinion of Advocate General

12 January 2012 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

M and Others v Federal Republic of Germany (Reference for a preliminary ruling from the Oberverwaltungsgericht für das Land Nordrhein-Westfalen (Germany))

30 December 2011 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

N. S. (C 411/10) v. Secretary of State for the Home Department and M. E. (C 493/10) and others v. Refugee Applications Commissioner, Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform

21 December 2011 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

France v. People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran

21 December 2011 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

MA, BT, DA v Secretary of State for the Home Department (Reference for a preliminary ruling from Court of Appeal (England & Wales) (Civil Division))

19 December 2011 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Alexandre Achughbabian c. Préfet du Val-de-Marne

6 December 2011 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Murat Dereci and others v. Bundesministerium für Inneres

15 November 2011 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Reference for a preliminary ruling from the Nejvyssí správní soud (Czech Republic) lodged on 20 October 2011 - Mehmet Arslan v Policie CR, Krajské reditelství policie Ústeckého kraje, odbor cizinecké policie

20 October 2011 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Zuheyr Freyeh Halaf v Darzhavna agentsia za bezhantsite pri Ministerski savet (Reference for a preliminary ruling from the Administrativen Sad Sofia (Bulgaria))

18 October 2011 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Brahim Samba Diouf v. Ministre du Travail, de l'Emploi et de l'Immigration

28 July 2011 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

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