Last Updated: Thursday, 31 July 2014, 17:47 GMT

European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union

To ensure that the law is enforced, understood and uniformly applied in all Member States, a judicial institution is essential. That institution is the Court of Justice of the European Communities. It is composed of three courts: the Court of Justice (created in 1952), the Court of First Instance (created in 1988) and the Civil Service Tribunal (created in 2004). The Court of Justice of the European Communities, together with the national courts, thus constitutes the European Community’s judiciary. The Court’s main task is to interpret Community law uniformly and to rule on its validity. It answers questions referred to it by the national courts, which play a vital role, as they apply Community law at local level. The judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Communities — together with the treaties, regulations, directives and decisions — make up Community law.  Website: curia.europa.eu/en/
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Opinion of Advocate General Sharpston, delivered on 11 July 2013, X, Y and Z v. Minister voor Immigratie, Integratie en Asiel

11 July 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Schlussanträge des Generalanwalts Pedro Cruz Villalón vom 11. Juli 2013, Shamso Abdullahi gegen Bundesasylamt

11 July 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

MA, BT, DA v. Secretary of State for the Home Department

6 June 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Zuheyr Frayeh Halaf v. Darzhavna agentsia za bezhantsite pri Ministerskia savet

30 May 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Mehmet Arslan v Policie ČR, Krajské ředitelství policie Ústeckého kraje, odbor cizinecké policie (Police Force of the Czech Republic, Regional Police Directorate of the Ústí nad Labem Region, Foreigners Police Section)

30 May 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Asylum Information Database, National Country Report : Germany

May 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Country Reports

Opinion of Advocate General Jääskinen, delivered on 18 April 2013, Bundesrepublik Deutschland v. Kaveh Puid

18 April 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Request for a preliminary ruling from the Raad van State (Netherlands) lodged on 25 March 2013 - A v Staatssecretaris van Veiligheid en Justitie

25 March 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

MA, BT, DA v. Secretary of State for the Home Department (Opinion of Advocate General Cruz Villalón)

21 February 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

H.I.D. and another v Refugee Applications Commissioner and others

31 January 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

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