Last Updated: Friday, 11 July 2014, 12:21 GMT

European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union

To ensure that the law is enforced, understood and uniformly applied in all Member States, a judicial institution is essential. That institution is the Court of Justice of the European Communities. It is composed of three courts: the Court of Justice (created in 1952), the Court of First Instance (created in 1988) and the Civil Service Tribunal (created in 2004). The Court of Justice of the European Communities, together with the national courts, thus constitutes the European Community’s judiciary. The Court’s main task is to interpret Community law uniformly and to rule on its validity. It answers questions referred to it by the national courts, which play a vital role, as they apply Community law at local level. The judgments of the Court of Justice of the European Communities — together with the treaties, regulations, directives and decisions — make up Community law.  Website: curia.europa.eu/en/
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Request for a preliminary ruling from the Raad van State (Netherlands) lodged on 25 March 2013 - A v Staatssecretaris van Veiligheid en Justitie

25 March 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

MA, BT, DA v. Secretary of State for the Home Department (Opinion of Advocate General Cruz Villalón)

21 February 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

H.I.D. and another v Refugee Applications Commissioner and others

31 January 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Mehmet Arslan contre Policie CR, Krajské reditelství policie Ústeckého kraje, odbor cizinecké policie (Conclusions de l'Avocat Général M. Melchior Wathelet)

31 January 2013 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Mostafa Abed El Karem El Kott and Others v. Bevándorlási és Állampolgársági Hivatal

19 December 2012 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Md Sagor

6 December 2012 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

M. M. v. Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform, Ireland, Attorney General

22 November 2012 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

K. v. Bundesasylamt

6 November 2012 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Cimade, Groupe d'information et de soutien des immigrés (GISTI) v Ministre de l'Intérieur, de l'Outre-mer, des Collectivités territoriales et de l'Immigration

27 September 2012 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

Reference for a preliminary ruling from the Fövárosi Bíróság (Hungary): Opinion of Advocate General Sharpston

13 September 2012 | Publisher: European Union: Court of Justice of the European Union | Document type: Case Law

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