Last Updated: Friday, 27 February 2015, 14:19 GMT

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights

The Court, based in Strasbourg, was set up as a result of the European Convention on Human Rights, created in 1950. This set out a catalogue of civil and political rights and freedoms. It allows people to lodge complaints against States which have signed up to the Convention for alleged violations of those rights. Although founded in 1950, the Court did not actually come into existence until 1959. It gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights when Protocol No. 11 to the ECHR took effect in 1998.

The Court is currently made up of 47 judges, one in principle for every State signed up to the Convention. They are elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and serve for six years. Judges sit on the Court as individuals and do not represent their country.  Website: www.echr.coe.int/Pages/home.aspx?p=home
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Fact sheet - "Dublin" cases

July 2014 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Fact sheet - Migrants in detention

June 2014 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Fact sheet - Trafficking in human beings

March 2014 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Fact sheet - Collective expulsions of aliens

November 2013 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Fact sheet - Expulsions and extraditions

July 2013 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Fact sheet - Hate Speech

February 2012 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Conscientious Objection

July 2011 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Extra-territorial Jurisdiction of ECHR States

July 2011 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Freedom of Religion

July 2011 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

Collective Expulsions

June 2011 | Publisher: Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights | Document type: Case Law Compilations/Analyses

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