Attacks on the Press in 2012 - Sudan
|Publisher||Committee to Protect Journalists|
|Publication Date||14 February 2013|
|Cite as||Committee to Protect Journalists, Attacks on the Press in 2012 - Sudan, 14 February 2013, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/512b79c81e.html [accessed 15 March 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Press freedom deteriorates with intensified campaign to silence critical press.
Authorities crack down on journalists covering anti-government protests.
Journalists struggled to carry out their work freely as the space for independent reporting diminished in Sudan. Khartoum intensified its crackdown against journalists with a record number of detentions, newspaper confiscations, and closures, leading to significant financial losses for many newspapers and layoffs among journalists. In June, protests against austerity measures and rising fuel prices quickly evolved into anti-government demonstrations. As journalists attempted to cover these historic events, the National Intelligence Security Services warned journalists not to cover the protests, detained several foreign and local journalists who did, confiscated newspapers that dared to mention the demonstrations, and blocked three critical websites. By August, the government had quashed the protest movement. The authorities continued to suppress coverage of Sudan's conflict with South Sudan, which gained independence in 2011, and kept a particularly tight lid on information involving the fighting in oil-rich South Kordofan.
[Refworld note: The sections that follow represent a best effort to transcribe onto a single page information that appears in tabs on the CPJ's own pages, which also include a number of dynamically-generated graphics not readily reproducible here. Refworld researchers are therefore strongly recommended to check against the original report: Attacks on the Press in 2012.]
Attacks in one-month period: 27
Between June 19 and July 20, during the height of anti-government protests, the authorities took severe measures to silence coverage, including arrests, newspaper confiscations, and the blocking of critical websites, CPJ research shows.
Breakdown of attacks:
13: Journalists detained
3: Websites blocked
3: Newspaper editions confiscated
2: Journalists deported
2: Homes raided
2: Computers seized
1: Newspaper suspended
1: Office raided
Imprisoned on December 1: 0
Although no journalists were imprisoned on December 1, when CPJ conducted its annual census, Sudan detained at least 11 journalists over the course of the year, CPJ research shows.
Newspaper confiscations: 30
CPJ documented the confiscation of at least 30 newspaper issues in the first half of 2012, compared with 19 such confiscations in all of 2011. Some independent and pro-opposition newspapers were targeted repeatedly. In the past, the NISS would censor publications in advance by dispatching agents to newsrooms. But in 2012, with an apparent goal of inflicting heavy financial losses, the authorities censored newspapers after they had been printed, CPJ research shows.
Newspapers particularly targeted:
12: Editions of Al-Midan seized
6: Editions of Al-Jarida seized
4: Editions of Al-Tayar seized
Losses per confiscation: $5,000
By confiscating newspaper editions, the NISS aimed to cause financial losses at critical newspapers, Sudan's main media source. Every confiscated edition resulted in losses up to 15,000 Sudanese pounds (US$5,000), CPJ research shows.
In May 2012 alone, CPJ documented:
14: Editions of different newspapers confiscated.
13: Journalists suspended from writing in newspapers.
20: Taboo topics identified by the NISS not to be published by journalists, including the performance of the security forces and police, criticism of the president, and discussion of civil liberties and press freedoms.