Attacks on the Press in 1998 - Morocco
|Publisher||Committee to Protect Journalists|
|Publication Date||February 1999|
|Cite as||Committee to Protect Journalists, Attacks on the Press in 1998 - Morocco, February 1999, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/47c5657ac.html [accessed 18 September 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
As of December 31, 1998
As in other monarchies in the Middle East, Morocco's King Hassan II sets the tone for permissible journalism in the kingdom. Although the country's private newspapers sometimes offer critiques of government policies, there is widspread self-censorship on political issues. Journalists shy away from critical news coverage of the monarchy and expressions of skepticism about the country's territorial sovereignty over Western Sahara, because they are guaranteed to provoke authorities' ire.
The government has a variety of tools at its disposal to pressure outspoken newspapers. The press code prescribes stiff penalties for journalists who publish news that offends the king or other members of the royal family, or defames public officials. Under the press and penal codes, authorities have the power to confiscate or suspend publications that, among other things, are deemed a "threat to public order." And foreign publications that report unfavorably about the king and government officials risk confiscation or outright ban.