Title In re C-A-
Publisher United States Board of Immigration Appeals
Author U.S. Department of Justice, Executive Office for Immigration Review, Board of Immigration Appeals
Publication Date 15 June 2006
Country Colombia | United States of America
Topics Deportation / Forcible return | Non-state agents of persecution | Social group persecution
Citation / Document Symbol 23 I&N Dec. 951 (BIA 2006)
Reference Interim Decision #3535
Related Document Guidance on Matter of C-A-
Cite as In re C-A-, 23 I&N Dec. 951 (BIA 2006), United States Board of Immigration Appeals, 15 June 2006, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/46979ea02.html [accessed 1 October 2014]
Comments (1) The members of a particular social group must share a common, immutable characteristic, which may be an innate one, such as sex, color, or kinship ties, or a shared past experience, such as former military leadership or land ownership, but it must be one that members of the group either cannot change, or should not be required to change, because it is fundamental to their individual identities or consciences. Matter of Acosta, 19 I&N Dec. 211(BIA 1985), followed.
(2) The social visibility of the members of a claimed social group is an important consideration in identifying the existence of a 'particular social group' for the purpose of determining whether a person qualifies as a refugee. (3) The group of 'former noncriminal drug informants working against the Cali drug cartel' does not have the requisite social visibility to constitute a 'particular social group.'
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