Last Updated: Friday, 27 May 2016, 08:49 GMT

World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Brazil : Tikuna

Publisher Minority Rights Group International
Publication Date 2008
Cite as Minority Rights Group International, World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Brazil : Tikuna, 2008, available at: [accessed 27 May 2016]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.


The Tikuna are known as Tikuna, Tukuna and Magüta. In 1998 it was recorded that there were 32,613 living in the greater Amazonas region. Their language is known as Ticuna (data: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística).

Historical context

In 1988, 14 Tikuna living on the Solimões in western Amazonas were murdered at the Capacete Creek near São Leopoldo, while trying to defend their land. Six of the murdered Tikuna were children. The logger who ordered the killings was sentenced for genocide in 2001, along with 14 others involved. This was only the third such genocide ruling in Brazilian history.

Current issues

In 2004 the sentences were reduced for the man who ordered the Tikuna murders, along with the 14 others tried in absentia. The Tikuna remain threatened and are being persecuted in the region. There has been little information gathered or written on the culture and traditions of this community that faces annihilation.

Copyright notice: © Minority Rights Group International. All rights reserved.

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