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Guinea: Information on the Party for Unity and Progress (Parti de l'unité et du progrès - PUP)

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 28 March 1996
Citation / Document Symbol GIN23485.FE
Reference 3
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Guinea: Information on the Party for Unity and Progress (Parti de l'unité et du progrès - PUP), 28 March 1996, GIN23485.FE, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3df4be360.html [accessed 28 August 2014]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

The Party for Unity and Progress (Parti de l'unité et du progrès – PUP) is the political organization currently in power (Country Reports 1996; Political Handbook of the World 1995, 352; EIU ViewsWire 2 Feb. 1996). The PUP is a coalition of nine parties belonging to the "presidential tendency" (Political Handbook of the World 1995, 352). The leader of the PUP, General Lansana Conté, is also President of the Republic (Country Reports 1996; Political Handbook of the World 1995, 352; Europa 1995, 1388).

In the December 1993 presidential elections, denounced as fraudulent by the opposition parties, General Lansana Conté obtained 50.70% of the votes cast and became president (Europa 1995, 1388). The PUP also obtained an absolute majority of 71 seats out of a total of 114 in the legislative elections of 11 June 1995, in which observers noted a number of irregularities (Le Monde 21 June 1995, 8; AFP 19 June 1995, 10; EIU ViewsWire 2 Feb. 1996, 2).

Country Reports 1995 (published in 1996), in the chapter on Guinea, raises a number of human rights concerns, including arbitrary detentions and poor prison conditions. For example, on 1 January 1995, 16 prisoners died in the central prison of Conakry; human rights organizations and the opposition parties place the responsibility for this on the government (ibid.). On 28 December 1995, members of the presidential guard arrested, beat and detained four Guineans who were part of a group from the United States Embassy responding to a distress call (ibid.). They were released on 9 January 1996 without any charges being laid against them (ibid.). No action was taken against the members of the presidential guard implicated in the incident (ibid.).

The same source also reports that 200 to 300 activists of the Rally for the Guinean People (Rassemblement du peuple guinéen – RPG), an opposition party, were detained in September 1995, and that several of them were detained merely because they belonged to the the RPG (ibid.).

The 1995 Amnesty International annual report also indicates that in August 1994, the army killed two people and wounded several others at an RPG meeting in the town of Kerouane, located 700 km from Conakry (146).

This Response was prepared by the DIRB after researching publicly available information currently available to the DIRB within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum.

References

Amnesty International. 1995. Amnesty International Report 1995. New York: Amnesty International USA

Agence France Press (AFP) [Paris]. 19 June 1995. "Guinée – élections." (NEXIS)

Country Reports On Human Rights Practices for 1995. 1996. United States Department of State. Washington, DC. (Electronic version received from the documentation centre).

EIU ViewsWire. 2 February 1996. "Guinée: Economy: 1996 Outlook." (NEXIS)

The Europa World Year Book 1995. 1995. 36th ed. Vol. 1. London: Europa Publications.

Le Monde [Paris]. 21 June 1995. Sotinel Thomas. "Guinée: l'opposition conteste des élections législatives." (NEXIS)

Political Parties of Africa and the Middle East. 1993. Edited by Roger East and Tanya Joseph. The High, Harlow, Essex:: Longman Group UK.

Political Handbook of the World: 1995. 1995. Edited by Arthur S. Banks. Binghamton, NY: CSA Publications.

Attachments

Agence France Press (AFP) [Paris]. 19 June 1995. "Guinée – élections." (NEXIS)

EIU ViewsWire. 2 February 1996. "Guinéa: Economy: 1996 Outlook." (NEXIS)

The Europa World Year Book 1995. 1995. 36th ed. Vol. 1. London: Europa Publications, pp. 1387–88.

Le Monde [Paris]. 21 June 1995. Sotinel Thomas. "Guinée : l'opposition conteste des élections législatives." (NEXIS)

Political Parties of Africa and the Middle East. 1993. Edited by Roger East and Tanya Joseph. The High, Harlow, Essex:: Longman Group UK, p. 116.

Political HandBook of the World: 1995. 1995. Edited by Arthur S. Banks. Binghamton, NY : CSA Publications, p. 352.

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/. Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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