Decision No. 382/1993 of the Court of Appeal of Thessaloniki
|Publisher||Greece: Courts of Appeal|
|Author||Court of Appeal of Thessaloniki|
|Citation / Document Symbol||382/1993|
|Other Languages / Attachments||Greek|
|Cite as||Decision No. 382/1993 of the Court of Appeal of Thessaloniki, 382/1993, Greece: Courts of Appeal, 1993, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3f4f8aca4.html [accessed 14 March 2014]|
|Comments||This is a summary in English provided by UNHCR Athens.|
Summary of facts: On
After the conclusion of deliberations, the Public Prosecutor was informed that Turkey sent supplementary documentation on the two extradition cases, including the offences of participation in a terrorist organization, robbery and murder for the former, and of participation in a terrorist organization and armed robbery for the latter. A new date was set for the examination of the new extradition request.
Point of law: The extradition request is rejected as unfounded because a) it is politically motivated b) the condition of the persons sought might deteriorate due to their political opinions and c) they were to be tried by a State Security Court which includes, among its members, a military officer in service, and lacks thus the necessary guarantees of personal ad functional independence.
Reasoning and decision:
A) Art. 2 para. 1 and art. 12 of the European Extradition Convention prescribe absolutely the necessary documentation that must be supplemented for an extradition request, so that the requested State may decide on the admissibility of it: the description of the offence, the time and place of the its perpetration, the legal definition of the offence and the reference to the relevant legislation and the foreseen penalty for it that must be, under the laws of both requesting and requested States, a deprivation of liberty of at least one year prison sentence. In view of the above the Turkish request is admissible.
B) Art. 3 para. 2 of the European Extradition Convention does not allow extradition when the requested state has serious reasons to believe that the position of the person sought may be prejudiced, among others, due to his political opinions. Art. 3 para.4 of the same convention stipulates that the said convention does not affect prior obligations of the contracting States deriving from other multilateral conventions, among whom the 1950 Rome European Convention on Human Rights. Art. 6 para. 1 of this Convention consecrates the right to a fair trial by an independent and impartial judge. Consequently, extradition may also be denied when it is plausible that the trial of the person sought may not be fair or may be conducted in a partial way, as when military officers participate in the panel of judges. A military officer in service, assigned to judicial tasks, cannot enjoy personal and functional independence. Greek courts are, furthermore, competent to examine whether the requesting country allows its judges personal and functional independence. This guarantee is, in fact, constitutionally stipulated by virtue of art. 87 para.1 of the Greek Constitution. Independently of the validity of the offences committed and of their nature (either political or ordinary), there are serious reasons to believe that the position of the persons sought may be prejudiced due to their political opinions, to their past experience of torture and to the fact that they will be tried by a State Security Tribunal, which includes a military officer.
The Court ruled against extradition of the political refugees to Turkey.