Independent investigation into alleged UK involvement in torture long overdue
|Publication Date||10 August 2009|
|Cite as||Amnesty International, Independent investigation into alleged UK involvement in torture long overdue, 10 August 2009, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4a8417662c.html [accessed 3 August 2015]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Amnesty International has reiterated its call for an independent public inquiry into allegations of UK complicity in torture. The call comes in response to recent statements by the UK Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary regarding intelligence information gained through torture.
The Chief of MI6, the UK's Secret Intelligence Service, has also issued a blanket denial that his officers have been involved in the torture or ill-treatment of terror suspects held overseas. This follows the decision of senior officials to go public last week in the face of mounting evidence that UK agents were involved in the questioning of terrorism suspects in Pakistan and other countries.
"The allegations of UK complicity in torture are very serious and cannot be answered by sweeping policy statements," said Julia Hall, Counter-Terrorism Researcher in Amnesty International's Europe and Central Asia Programme. "If the government maintains that its agents are not involved in torture then it has nothing to fear from a transparent process that can prove it."
The UK Foreign Secretary, David Miliband, and the Home Secretary, Alan Johnson, reiterated the government's opposition to torture on Sunday. However, they said it was not possible to rule out the risk that some intelligence information gained through mistreatment could be used.
In a joint article published in the Sunday Telegraph, they stated: "Whether passing information which might lead to suspects being detained; passing questions to be put to detainees; or directly interviewing them, our agencies are required to seek to minimise, and where possible avoid, the risk of mistreatment."
"Enormous effort goes into assessing the risks in each case. Operations have been halted where the risk of mistreatment was too high. But it is not possible to eradicate all risk. Judgments need to be made."
In an interview on a BBC Radio programme, Sir John Scarlett, the chief of MI6, denied UK intelligence officers' involvement in torture. Sir John Scarlett also maintained, however, that the issue of complicity in the torture of suspects abroad must be debated in the context of fight against terrorism.
"Sir John's statement of current policy," said Julia Hall, "offers no clear response to serious allegations of past involvement in securing and using intelligence information gained from the torture and other ill-treatment of terrorism suspects held overseas."
"All these statements seem conditioned on the idea that torture may just be inevitable in order to protect the public from terrorism," added Julia Hall. "But we have seen that notion backfire time and again in the last eight years. Abiding by human rights will offer the best protection, not setting a bad example and enflaming tensions by being soft on torture."
The public comments by senior officials follow two separate reports in the past week from UK parliamentary committees, both of which expressed grave concern that the UK government had not adequately responded to allegations that the UK authorities had knowledge of and were involved in the mistreatment of terror suspects held overseas.
On 4 August, the UK parliamentary Joint Committee on Human Rights (JCHR) accused the UK government of being "determined to avoid parliamentary scrutiny" about its knowledge of the torture of terror suspects held by the intelligence services in Pakistan and elsewhere . The JCHR report said that an independent inquiry was the only way to restore public confidence in the intelligence and security agencies.
On 9 August, the UK parliamentary Foreign Affairs Committee (FAC) raised its concerns about involvement in the torture and other ill-treatment of terror suspects held abroad. The FAC stated in its annual report: "there is a risk that use of evidence which may have been obtained under torture on a regular basis, especially where it is not clear that protestations about mistreatment have elicited any change in behaviour by foreign intelligence services, could be construed as complicity in such behaviour."
"The UK cannot pick and choose when it will observe its legal obligations: torture and complicity in torture are absolutely banned," said Julia Hall. "It is high time for the British government to have its record assessed and for those who may be responsible for such serious abuses to be held accountable."
Read MoreUK government must launch investigation into its role in overseas torture (News, 10 July 2009)
Pakistan: Human rights ignored in the "war on terror" (Report, 28 September 2006)