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Guinea: Update to GIN32689.F of 16 September 1999 on the treatment of members of the Rally for the Guinean People (Rassemblement du peuple guinéen, RPG) by the current government; the role the party plays in the government; general information on the party

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 30 July 2003
Citation / Document Symbol GIN41782.FE
Reference 1
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Guinea: Update to GIN32689.F of 16 September 1999 on the treatment of members of the Rally for the Guinean People (Rassemblement du peuple guinéen, RPG) by the current government; the role the party plays in the government; general information on the party , 30 July 2003, GIN41782.FE , available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3f7d4d9c1c.html [accessed 1 August 2014]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Little information on the treatment of members of the Rally for the Guinean People (Rassemblement du peuple guinéen, RPG) from 1999 to 2003 by the current government could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

The RPG party leader, Alpha Condé, was arrested shortly after the December 1998 presidential election (AFP 11 Nov. 2001; Political Parties of the World 2002, 228). He was found guilty in September 2000 of having violated state security, and was sentenced to five years in prison following a trial that was widely criticized as biased (ibid.; AFP 11 Nov. 2001). President Lansana Conté ordered his release on 18 May 2001 (IRIN 28 Sept. 2001), but did not restore his civic rights (AFP 11 Nov. 2001). Over 60 members of the RPG were also arrested during the 14 December 1998 presidential election campaign (MAR 29 Oct. 2001a). They were subsequently sentenced to prison terms ranging from four months to five years (ibid.).

The RPG was registered in 1992 under the legislation governing political parties (Political Parties of the World 2002, 228). Led by Alpha Condé, its founder, the RPG took part in the December 1993 presidential election (taking second place with 19.5 per cent of the votes), the 1995 legislative elections (winning 19 seats) and the December 1998 presidential elections (taking third place with 16.6 per cent of the votes) (ibid.). The RPG is reputed to be a party dominated by members of the Malinke ethnic group (MAR 29 Oct. 2001b), to which its leader Alpha Condé belongs (ibid. 29 Oct. 2001a). The Malinke, though largely excluded from political power, reportedly face no apparent discrimination from employers or other ethnic groups (ibid. 29 Oct. 2001b). However, no other source could be found to corroborate this information.

According to statements from Agence France Presse that were quoted by Africa No. 1 radio in September 2000, the RPG and the Union for Progress and Renewal (Union pour le progrès et le renouveau, UPR) were part of the Coordination of the Democratic Opposition (Coordination de l'opposition démocratique, CODEM) (Africa No. 1 28 Sept. 2000). The CODEM and the Union of Republican Forces (Union des forces républicaines, UFR) announced that they were going to boycott the 26 November 2000 legislative elections as "conditions for a fair and just vote have not emerged" (ibid.). The RPG and the UFR also boycotted the 30 June 2002 legislative elections (Guineenews 25 May 2002). In June 2003, members of the RPG protested the government's banning of a conference organized by the RPG, in which several foreign dignitaries were expected to participate; in their attempt to break up the crowd, police were reported to have injured 58 protesters (IRIN 9 June 2003).

In May 2002, a number of opposition parties, including the RPG, UFR and Union of Guinea's Democratic Forces (Union des forces démocratiques de Guinée, UFDG), formed a coalition called the Republican Front for Democratic Change (Front républicain pour l'alternance démocratique, FRAD) with a view to the December 2003 presidential elections (PANA 26 July 2003).

For more information on the RPG, its leader, its program and its organization, as well as its national and regional management, please see the attached documents.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.

References

Africa No. 1 [Libreville, in French]. 28 September 2000. "Guinea: Interior Minister Says Elections to go Ahead Despite 'State of War'." (BBC Monitoring 30 Sept. 2000/Dialog)

Agence France Presse (AFP). 11 November 2001. Annie Thomas and Mouctar Bah. "Guinean Votes on Extending Presidential Term." (Dialog)

Guineenews. 25 May 2002. "Guinea: Ministry Published List of Parties, Candidates for 30 June Elections." (BBC Monitoring 28 May 2002/Dialog)

Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN). 9 June 2003. "Government Bans Opposition Conference, Denies Entry to Foreign Participants." (Allafrica.com 9 June 2003/Dialog)

_____. 7 November 2001. "Opposition Party Offices Remain Closed." (ANS 7 Nov. 2001/Dialog)

_____. 28 September 2001. "Opposition Leader Back in Parliament." (ANS 28 Sept. 2001/Dialog)

Minorities at Risk Project (MAR). 29 October 2001a. Shin-wha Lee, Anne Pitsch and Michael Johns. "Malinke Chronology." [Accessed 30 July 2003]

_____. 29 October 2001b. Shin-wha Lee, Anne Pitsch and Michael Johns. "Malinke of Guinea." [Accessed 30 July 2003]

Pan African News Agency (PANA). 26 July 2003. "Electoral Process in Guinea Deadlocked." (Dialog)

Political Parties of the World 2002. 2002. 5th ed. Edited by Alan J. Day. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group.

Attachments

Site Officiel Alpha Condé. 1 January 1988. "Déclaration de principes du RPG." . [Accessed 29 July 2003]

_____. n.d. "Les instances du parti." [Accessed 29 July 2003]

Additional Sources Consulted

IRB Databases

Internet sites, including:

Amnesty International

Country Reports 2002

European Country of Origin Information Network (ECOI.net)

Human Rights Watch (HRW)

International Federation of Human Rights (FIDH)

Political Parties in The World

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at http://www.irb-cisr.gc.ca/en/. Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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