Last Updated: Tuesday, 22 July 2014, 10:42 GMT

Cambodia: Investigate Government Cover-Up

Publisher Human Rights Watch
Publication Date 22 December 2012
Cite as Human Rights Watch, Cambodia: Investigate Government Cover-Up, 22 December 2012, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/50dc09bd2.html [accessed 22 July 2014]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

The Cambodian government should appoint an independent commission to investigate allegations that a ruling party municipal governor shot and wounded three women workers, Human Rights Watch said today. On December 14, 2012, the Svay Rieng provincial court closed the case against then-Bavet Municipality Governor Chhouk Bandit for allegedly firing into a crowd of striking factory employees at an industrial park in Bavet's Special Economic Zone for foreign enterprises on February 20.

Cambodia's international donors should demand justice for the victims and use this case to press for an end to impunity and high-level protection for human rights abusers. The commission should also investigate possible political interference in the December judicial decision.

"An influential politician was seen by many people shooting into a crowd and was named by the police as responsible for the deaths," said Brad Adams, Asia director. "But 10 months later the case against him was dropped."

In the immediate aftermath of the February shooting and since, multiple witnesses described Bandit as having fired into the crowd of workers, wounding But Chanda, Nut Sakhan, and Keo Nea, during an industrial action against a factory that supplied Puma and other companies. An initial investigation by Svay Rieng provincial police and an Interior Ministry team determined that Bandit used his weapon at the scene. In March, Minister of Interior Sar Kheng identified Chhouk Bandit as the shooter.

After the incident, Bandit was reportedly given shelter by leading figures in the ruling Cambodian People's Party (CPP), including Deputy Prime Minister Men Saman, to whom he is reportedly related by marriage.

"For too long, prosecutors and judges have been used as an instrument for protecting those enjoying the patronage of powerful Cambodian authorities," Adams said. "It is time to put an end to the obstruction of justice and impunity."

Chhouk Bandit originally admitted having opened fire, but asserted he had only shot into the air when, he said, the worker protest turned violent, and thus only to scare demonstrators off in self-defense. Workers at the scene said that the shooting was unprovoked and followed failed attempts by security guards from China who worked at the factory to end their protest. Bandit later claimed he only raised his weapon, and did not fire.

Under public pressure, Prime Minister Hun Sen on March 4 transferred Bandit from his post as Bavet governor to a job in the Svay Rieng province headquarters. Acting on a complaint by the victims, the prosecutor alleged that Bandit had unintentionally injured the three women. After the prosecutor submitted the case to the provincial court, numerous Svay Rieng police and gendarme officers reportedly provided testimony to this effect to the investigating judge tasked with deciding whether or not to send Bandit for trial.

The investigating judge failed to seriously pursue evidence from other witnesses who allegedly would have testified that Bandit intentionally aimed into the crowd. One of the victims has alleged that a high-ranking CPP official offered the victims bribes not to pursue the case, but this was refused.

On August 29, following a visit to Svay Rieng by a specially-selected Interior Ministry forensics team, the court named Sar Chantha, a local police officer, as a new suspect, contrary to all previous evidence that there was only one shooter at the scene. Later, the provincial police commissioner was removed from his position, followed more recently by the commander of the provincial gendarmerie.

On the same day that the case against Bandit was dropped, Chantha was charged with unintentional injury as a result of opening fire during the February 20 demonstration. He remains free.

After the December ruling, the three women victims said they will continue to seek justice. One, Keo Nea, told the media, "I know it is hard to get justice in this country against a powerful person, but I will continue to file complaints until the end of my life."

Human Rights Watch in a recent report identified multiple cases, including the killing of environmental activist Chut Wutty, labor leader Chea Vichea, and opposition politician Om Radsady, in which the government charged innocent people for high-profile human rights abuses in order to avoid investigating official involvement. The report demonstrated a pattern of impunity for more than 300 politically motivated killings in the past 20 years.

"Prosecuting innocent people for serious crimes perpetrated by people under government protection is now standard operating procedure for ensuring impunity in Hun Sen's Cambodia," Adams said. "The international community should use the Chhouk Bandit case to end its passive acceptance of travesties of justice. Cambodia's donors need to completely rethink their approach and apply coordinated pressure on the government to undertake fundamental reforms."

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