Child Soldiers Global Report 2004 - San Marino
|Publisher||Child Soldiers International|
|Cite as||Child Soldiers International, Child Soldiers Global Report 2004 - San Marino, 2004, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/498806312d.html [accessed 29 January 2015]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Republic of San Marino
Covers the period from April 2001 to March 2004.
Population: 27,000 (5,000 under 18)
Government armed forces: not known
Compulsory recruitment age: 16 (not practised)
Voluntary recruitment age: not known
Voting age: 18
Optional Protocol: signed 5 June 2000
Other treaties ratified (see glossary): CRC, GC AP I and II, ICC, ILO 138, ILO 182
There was no information on whether under-18s were serving in the armed forces. By law, military service was compulsory from the age of 16.
National recruitment legislation and practice
The armed forces are made up of the Guardia di Rocca, which includes the artillery and uniformed forces, militias and the gendarmerie. Every citizen is obliged to do military service from the age of 16 to the age of 60, with the exception of members of the government, judiciary and clergy, and others deemed indispensable to the state or physically or ethically unfit.1
Military service in the Voluntary Military Force (Corpi Militari Voluntar) is voluntary. No information on the minimum age of recruitment to this force was found. It performs ceremonial duties and provides limited assistance to the police.2
1 Legge 26 gennaio 1990 n.15 (pubblicata in data 14 febbraio 1990), Regolamento Organico e Disciplina dei Corpi Militari, Segreteria di Stato per gli Affari Interni 2000, http://www. consigliograndeegenerale.sm/index.php3.
2 CIA World Factbook, December 2003, http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook.