Last Updated: Thursday, 24 April 2014, 11:39 GMT

Freedom of the Press - Madagascar (2003)

Publisher Freedom House
Publication Date 30 April 2003
Cite as Freedom House, Freedom of the Press - Madagascar (2003), 30 April 2003, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/473450c3c.html [accessed 24 April 2014]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Status: Partly Free
Legal Environment: 7
Political Influences: 19
Economic Pressures: 12
Total Score: 38

Population: n/a
GNI/capita: n/a
Life Expectancy: 55
Religious Groups: Indigenous beliefs (52 percent), Christian (41 percent), Muslim (7 percent)
Ethnic Groups: Malay-Indonesian tribes, Arab, African, Indian, French
Capital: Antananarivo

Political turmoil following the hotly contested December 2001 presidential election took its toll on the media during the first half of 2002. In February, President Didier Ratsiraka declared a state of emergency, which empowered authorities to take control of news broadcasting. Threats and violent attacks directed at members of the press and media outlets increased sharply during the crisis, but largely subsided by July. A number of daily and weekly newspapers publish material critical of the government and other parties and politicians. However, authorities occasionally pressure media outlets to curb their coverage of certain issues, opposition politicians are rarely given access to state-run media, and some journalists practice self-censorship. Although nationwide radio and television broadcasting remains a state monopoly, a large number of local, privately owned stations operate across the country.

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