Uruguay: Update to URY37313.E of 8 June 2001 on whether a father is required to sign a consent form for his child who is travelling outside the country with his/her mother; clarification of role of custody in passport issuance
|Publisher||Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada|
|Author||Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada|
|Publication Date||22 July 2002|
|Citation / Document Symbol||URY39202.E|
|Cite as||Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Uruguay: Update to URY37313.E of 8 June 2001 on whether a father is required to sign a consent form for his child who is travelling outside the country with his/her mother; clarification of role of custody in passport issuance, 22 July 2002, URY39202.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3f7d4e3131.html [accessed 21 May 2013]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Decree No. 167/93 dated 13 April 1993 outlines, in general terms, the requirements for issuing a passport to a minor. The Spanish language version of this law was provided to the Research Directorate by the Counsellor, Embassy of Uruguay, on 18 July 2002.
According to Decree No. 167/93, both parents must give their consent before a passport is issued to their child (13 April 1993). If parents are divorced and one has obtained sole custody, the parent with sole custody is able to obtain a passport without the consent of the non-custodial parent (ibid.). A court document indicating custody must be produced (ibid.).
Decree No. 167/93 also outlines the conditions for passport issuance for minors in a variety of situations including children who are wards of the state, children who have a parent who is considered incompetent, children who have a father who will not acknowledge his paternity, illegitimate children and adopted children, among others (ibid.).
In correspondence dated 18 July 2002, the Counsellor of the Embassy of Uruguay pointed out that Law No. 16.719 of 11 October 1995, the law reducing the age of majority from 21 to 18, amended Decree No. 167/93 accordingly.
This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim to refugee status or asylum. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
Embassy of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, Ottawa. 13 April 1993. Decree No. 167/93.
_____. 18 July 2002. Correspondence with Counsellor.
Additional Sources Consulted
Internet sites including:
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Committee on the Rights of the Child
Interpol, Hague Convention on Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction database